The Krim Connections

These exerpts are from KRIM'S CRUSADE: In the Fight Against AIDS, She is a Scientist, a Socialite, a Strategist, a Spokeswoman and Sometimes a Cheerleader in Sensible Shoes." Los Angeles Times - SUNDAY November 27, 1988. Elizabeth Mehren and Victor F. Zonana; Times Staff Writers.

"'Joan of Arc' is how Arthur Krim describes his wife's role in the battle against acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Many gay people fondly call Krim, organizer of the AIDS Medical Foundation of New York, and its successor, AmFAR,'the fairies' godmother.'

"'Mathilde Krim has brought more people into AIDS than anyone I can think of,' said Carole Levine, a medical ethicist who serves as executive director of New York's Citizen's Commission on AIDS. 'She sort of identifies the key interests of people, along with the key opportunities to involve them. And then, what do you know, they're off and running.'

"Krim was quick to befriend retired Adm. James D. Watkins, chairman of President Reagan's Commission on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. She has an easy, comfortable relationship, based on deep mutual respect, with Surgeon General C. Everett Koop. She has a solid, highly believable TV presence, evident on one recent occasion when she rushed to rebut the much-publicized contention of sex researchers William Masters and Virginia Johnson that the AIDS virus could be transmitted through kissing.

"But even Krim's detractors within AmFAR acknowledge that Krim's social and political connections and her scientific credentials are so solid that 'her call is always answered,' the former associate in Los Angeles said. She has brought in million-dollar donations to AmFAR from people like Malcolm Forbes. In Washington last spring, AmFAR was seen as such a socially and politically acceptable organization that President Reagan addressed a dinner the Foundation held in connection with an international congress on AIDS. At 62, Krim combines absolute self-confidence with scientific sophistication and a wealth of technical expertise. In 1953, when science was seen 'as a career for old maids,' she earned a doctorate in biology from the University of Geneva. Soon thereafter she emigrated to Israel with her first husband, David Danon, and as a researcher at the Weizmann Institute of Science, began looking into possible links between viruses and certain forms of cancer. In New York, she worked first at the Cornell Medical College, and for 25 years was on staff at Memorial Sloan-Kettering, among the most prestigious cancer facilities in the United States.

"...AIDS has firmly established itself on the charity circuit. The same people who might be skittish discussing how people get AIDS are now perfectly content to pay big-ticket prices to sip cocktails, buy art, or listen to music to raise funds for the fight against AIDS.

"In December, for example, AmFAR will split the proceeds with AIDS Project Los Angeles of a six-week art exhibit and auction that begins with a gala dinner at Greenacres, the Beverly Hills estate of producer/investor Ted Field and his wife, Susie. Co-chairing the Dec. 14 dinner with the Fields are Disney chief Michael Eisner and his wife, Jane.

"In New York, meanwhile, this Thursday, Leonard Bernstein has planned a 'Serenade: A Musical Tribute to Mathilde Krim' at Carnegie Hall. The performers include Placido Domingo, James Levine and Isaac Stern, with special appearances scheduled by Meryl Streep, Steve Martin and Paul Simon. The celebrity chairmen for this event, expected to raise at least $1 million, include Nancy Reagan, Rosalyn Carter, Betty Ford and Lady Bird Johnson. 'I cannot praise her courage enough,' Bernstein said in the library of his apartment at the Dakota here. 'She had the courage to launch a battle against AIDS when the subject was taboo and almost entirely ignored.'

"Personally, Krim has little use for the frivolity of gala social events. 'Can you believe it? Flying to Los Angeles for a cocktail party?' she confided not long ago. The same evening, she was on the red-eye back to New York to tackle a full day of commitments that began with a working breakfast.

"Her Rolodex of acquaintances blends the upper echelons of science, politics and entertainment. A Hollywood mogul of such influence that he is known as the consigliere of the film industry, her husband, Arthur, is also a former finance chairman of the Democratic National Committee. The Krims were so close to Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson that when they went to buy vacation property, they chose a site not far from the L.B.J. Ranch in Texas.

"Her part in AIDS so far has really been, No. 1, to bring in the kind of people who would give it some dignity and take it out of the realm of prejudice,' Arthur Krim said. Among the early recruits to Krim's cause were Rosalynn Carter, Father Theodore Hesburgh, Lady Bird Johnson -- as well as Woody Allen and Warren Beatty. After Hudson died of AIDS in 1985, Krim received full-tilt celebrity support when Elizabeth Taylor became national chairman of AmFAR.

"There was a well-intentioned chancellor of the institute, Meier Weisgal, who was hellbent on introducing the 30-year-old biologist, by then divorced, to his dear friend Arthur Krim. The 47-year-old American, a governor of the Weizmann Institute, was president of United Artists and a multimillionaire. He was also unmarried.

"Mathilde Krim theorizes that what really happened was that 'He fell in love with my daughter,' who was 4. They married in 1958 and settled in New York. The newlyweds socialized extensively in big-donor philanthropy circles. Mary Lasker, a leading philanthropist, became one of Mathilde Krim's dear friends, and eventually, her husband said, her role model.

"Sometimes, when she is discussing the way AIDS has brought so many people together, the woman who was dubbed the Interferon Queen sounds a bit like the Empress of AIDS. She speaks, for example, of the 'little people' who are the real heroes of he AIDS epidemic.

[Isn't it just so heartwarming to hear about such warmth and togetherness, at a time when the media abused smokers daily and openly gloated about how they "made smokers into pariahs." Obviously the "little people" are just something that the "big people" step on and squish with impunity. Oh, and here's the kicker of the whole article:]

"Krim's primary vice is a serious cigarette addiction, a habit she explains as 'by now almost an act of defiance.'

Like all the other smokers in positions of influence, she is really a Politically Correct coward, a bystanding accomplice in our persecution.
Krim's Crusade / LA Times 1988

Krim at the Harvard AIDS Institute Leadership Awards Dinner, with Mrs. William McCormick (Deeda) Blair, Vice President of the Lasker Foundation, and Co-Chair of the Harvard AIDS Institute Policy Board and International Advisory Council. Says David Patrick Columbia: "I don't know for a fact that this is her dinner, but she is definitely the one who makes this dinner, among other things, happen for the Harvard AIDS Institute."

Krim / The Harvard AIDS Institute Leadership Awards Dinner

Krim was a sponsoring member of the Citizens' Committee for the Conquest of Cancer, co-founded by Mary Lasker's crony, Sidney Farber, and co-chaired by Emerson Foote of the American Cancer Society and Solomon Garb, who was a correspondent of Mary Lasker between 1969 and 1981. Other sponsoring members included William McC. Blair Jr., Mrs. William McC. Blair Jr., an officer of the Lasker Foundation; Elmer H. Bobst; R. Lee Clark; Mrs. Alice Fordyce, Mary's sister; James W. Fordyce, Mary's nephew; Mary's old friend, Leonard Goldenson of ABC-TV; Mrs. Paul G. Hoffman, aka Anna Rosenberg; Robert W. Holley of the Salk Institute; Hollywood producer Norman Lear; William Regelson, founder of FIBER, on whose board Mary later served; and Bernard J. Reis, Treasurer of the Lasker Foundation. Garb sent a bullying letter to Curtis H. Judge, President of Lorillard Inc., demanding that "the tobacco industry" lobby for "higher total appropriations to NCI" and that "the Tobacco Research Institute [sic] should allocate substantial sums to finding anticancer drugs in plants." (Garb to Judge, Sep. 20, 1978.)

Citizens' Committee for the Conquest of Cancer, 1978 / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Mathilde Krim was a member of the Program Committee of the Symposium on Cancer, presented by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the National Cancer Institute and the American Cancer Society, Sep. 14-18, 1980. Other members of the Program Committee included Jerome J. DeCosse, later a trustee of the AHF; LaSalle D. Leffall, then immediate past president of the American Cancer Society, who shortly became a trustee of the AHF; and Frank J. Rauscher, the ACS's Senior Vice President for Research. The Advisory Committee included Laurance S. Rockefeller, Chairman of the Board of MSKCC; Benno C. Schmidt, Chairman of the Board of Memorial Hospital; James D. Robinson III of American Express, and Vice Chairman of the Board of Memorial Hospital; Lane W. Adams, Executive Vice President of the American Cancer Society; Frank J. Rauscher; and Vincent T. DeVita, Director of the National Cancer Institute. Other participants included Mathilde Krim; LaSalle D. Leffall; Sir Richard Doll ("The Interphase Between Epidemiology and Cancer Control"); Arthur C. Upton; Alfred G. Knudsen; John Weisburger; R. Lee Clark and his assistant, Joseph Painter; and former Rep. Paul G. Rogers.

International Symposium on Cancer, 1980 / UCSF (pdf, 25 pp)

Scientists' Institute for Public Information (SIPI)

In 1982, Krim was on the Media Resource Service Advisory Committee of the Scientists' Institute for Public Information (SIPI), an organization which supplied videotape to the mass media, along with Donald Kennedy and Harvey Brooks. Abby Rockefeller was a director, and Lewis Thomas was Chairman of the Board. (Letter from Alan McGowen, President of SIPI, to George Weissman, Chairman of Philip Morris, April 22, 1982.)

McGowan to Weissman, 1982 / UCSF (pdf, 1 p)

Krim was a member of the SIPI Board of Trustees in 1993. Other trustees included Theodore Cooper (longtime Mary Lasker correspondent), Edward E. David of the Washington Advisory Group, William T. Golden, and Beatrix Hamburg (wife of Carnegie Corp. president David A. Hamburg). (Letter from Barbara Allen of SIPI to Francis D. Gomez of Philip Morris, April 28, 1993, asking for money.)

Allen to Gomez, 1993 / UCSF (pdf, 2 pp)
SIPI brochure, no date / UCSF (pdf, 11 pp)

The Krims and LBJ

Oral history interview with Arthur Krim, May 17, 1982, by Michael Gillette, page 18, was not very informative. "G: Now Monday when you went to the National Institute of Health, did he talk with your wife about his health measures, the health program in which he was interested? K: Yes, he talked about that with her over the weekend, and of course that was a continuing thing over the years. She and Mary Lasker used to pester him continuously for health bills and with considerable success, I may say. But that was an ongoing thing for several years. G: Anything on the resignation of Dr. Luther Terry as director of that? K: No. I think that was already accomplished at the time that we were there. G: Okay. K: He did talk about some of the personalities with Mathilde because she knew the NIH people. That was an area she was very well acquainted with.

Arthur Krim oral history / LBJ Library (pdf)

Krim and her husband are implicated in conspiracy circles as having been responsible for the order for US planes to turn back during the Israeli attack on the USS Liberty. "Krim has been the chief lobbyist in Washington for the major film companies for many years; he is also a principal fund raiser for the Zionist agitprop network. As a fund raiser, he was also a close friend of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Krim and his wife were house guests of Johnson's at the White House when the Israelis attacked the U.S. ship of the line, U.S.S. Liberty, killing many of her crew. When other American ships sent planes to aid the Liberty, immediate orders were sent from the White House for the planes to turn back. The Israelis were free to continue their attack for several more hours in a desperate attempt to sink the Liberty, to destroy the radio evidence it had gathered that the Israelis had started the Six-Day War. Although it is generally believed that Krim issued the orders for the U.S. planes to turn back, no investigation was ever made. Johnson is now dead, and they are the only living witnesses in this horrendous example of high treason from the White House. The CIA had known for twenty-four hours that an attack was planned against the Liberty, in the hopes of bringing the U.S. into the war on the side of Israel; faked evidence had already been planted that the attack would come from the "Egyptians." (Eustace Mullins. Murder by Injection. The Story of the Medical Conspiracy Against America, 1988. "The Profits of Cancer," pp 92-93.)

Krim (from Eustace Mullins, "Murder by Injection. The Story of the Medical Conspiracy Against America," 1988)

"How LBJ's Vietnam War Paralyzed his Mideast Policymakers," by Grace Halsell. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, June 1993, p20. The author was a staff writer for LBJ in 1967. LBJ knew that Israel started the war, and ignored the attack on the Liberty to please his financiers.

Halsell / Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 1993

"Lyndon Johnson was First to Align US Policy With Israel's Policies," by Donald Neff. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, Nov/Dec 1996, p 96: "How influential the Krims were in forming Johnson's Middle East policy was hinted at by notes in the president's daily diary for June 17, 1967. The notes reported that at a dinner with the Krims and others at Camp David, Johnson openly discussed a speech he was working on that was to establish the nation's Middle East policy in the years ahead. According to the notes, Johnson read from various drafts of the speech around the dinner table, 'inserting additions and making changes, also accepting comments and suggestions from the table.'"

Neff / Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 1996

Mathilde Krim, the Bronfmans (Matthew, Edgar Jr, and Edgar, and their wives), the Belzbergs (Wendy, Sam, Fran, and Lisa), Robert Rubin, John L. Weinberg and John S. Weinberg of Goldman Sachs, James Tisch, and others, at the 92nd Street Y Premier Corporate Gala. From David Patrick Columbia's New York Social Diary: "It was a heavy duty crowd of philanthropists, business people, socialites, and Wall St. bankers, and the 92nd Street Y raised approximately $2 million."

Krim, Bronfmans & Belzbergs / New York Social Diary
Krim, Bronfmans & Belzbergs / New York Social Diary pictures

The Bronfman Seagrams liquor fortune funded the School Health Education Study, 1961-1963, a nationwide study of health instruction in the public schools during the Kennedy administration, through the Samuel Bronfman Foundation of New York City. Seagrams is a top corporate soft money donor to both the Republican and Democratic Parties.

More about the Bronfmans et al

There are numerous references to Arthur Krim's leading role as a fund raiser during the Johnson administration (and to the Krims' parties) at the LBJ Presidential Library website at the University of Texas. From the Lawrence F O'Brien oral history interview 9 by Michael L Gillete, Apr 9, 1986, page 21: "O: If you were to select one person, I think the fellow that emerged in 1960, again in 1964, was Arthur Krim. Arthur Krim was an able innovative fellow. He has a tremendous reputation as a fund raiser in the academic community, particularly at Columbia, and in all kinds of worthy causes, as well as a political fundraiser. He was the catalyst for fund raising that extended through 1960, 1964, and 1968. That was a role that Arthur was willing to accept. He was looked to by people who were in a position to contribute substantially. They would react to Arthur's pleas, and he was able to structure fund raising events that were extremely productive."

O'Brien re Krim / LBJ Presidential Library

From oral history interview 3 with Harry McPherson by TH Baker, Jan 16 1969, pages 30 and 35, regarding US relations with Israel: "And I think he [Israeli minister Ephraim Evron] felt instinctively what I've always felt, that some place in Lyndon Johnson's blood there are a great many Jewish corpuscles. I think he is part Jewish, seriously..." "The Jews in this country are ninety percent Democratic and the Jewish money essentially goes to the Democratic Party. The great contact with the President on politics and money and that sort of thing is Arthur Krim..."

McPherson / LBJ Presidential Library

From the oral history interview with Joe Mashman (of Bell Helicopter) by Joe B Franz, Mar 28, 1974, p. 34: "F: Now, did he have his own helicopter or was that government? M: No, no, the one that he used was actually Arthur Krim's helicopter... So Arthur Krim bought it, but then the President would let him keep it at his Ranch..."

Mashman / LBJ Presidential Library

The Krims and Columbia University

In 1977, Armand Hammer of Occidental Petroleum donated $5 million for construction of the Julius and Armand Hammer Health Sciences Center at Columbia University. "The governor of the state of New York, Hugh Carey, told those present that he had known Dr. Hammer since 'my first term in Congress, when he was so helpful in connection with the Campobello property of the late, great President Franklin D. Roosevelt... Arthur Krim, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Columbia and a director of Occidental Petroleum as well as a long-time friend of Dr. Hammer, expressed the appreciation of the university's trustees... Hammer has been a member of the Eleanor Roosevelt Cancer Foundation since 1960 and has helped endow the California Institute for Cancer Research at UCLA... Trustees present were: Mrs. Katherine Auchincloss, Benjamin Buttenweiser, Thomas Chrystie,..." Chrystie was a Trustee of Ernst L. Wynder's American Health Foundation from 1975 to 1982. (Columbia University Receives Major Gift From Dr. Hammer, July 18, 1977. Occidental Petroleum Newsletter "Oxy Today.")

Hammer Gift to Columbia University, 1977 / UCSF (pdf, 24 pp)

Arthur Krim was on the Board of Directors of Occidental Petroleum until his death in 1994. Irvin W. Malone, a longtime executive of IBM, was appointed to take his place. Former US Senator Albert Gore Sr. was also a director.

Occidental Petroleum 1995 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

The 1997 Columbia-Presbyterian Health Sciences Advisory Council included Thomas Chrystie; Mary Lasker's nephew and Lasker Foundation Director James W. Fordyce; Mathilde Krim; and David J. Mahoney.

1997 Health Sciences Advisory Council / Columbia-Presbyterian

Mathilde Krim and Sen. Edward Kennedy

Kennedy: "The first real dramatic exposure I had to this all was in the 1980 campaign, when I was traveling the country and visiting with people about two central causes in my life -- health care and knocking down the walls of discrimination. And through a wonderful personal friend, Mathilde Krim, whose husband Arthur Krim had been a longtime personal friend to both my brothers and particularly my brother Bobby, I learned about HIV and AIDS. Right after the 1980 campaign and before AMFAR was set up, she was enormously helpful and instructive to me in developing a really comprehensive awareness of what the real challenge was in regards to AIDS. She is one of the great leaders in health care in our country. Through her I met two wonderful people, Michael Iskowitz and Terry Blern, who came on my staff and they continued providing me great counsel on this issue." Sen. Ted Kennedy is one of smokers' vilest enemies. ("Kennedy expects hate crimes, ENDA success," by David Mixner. Gay.com, unknown date. Link died.)

Sen. Lowell P. Weicker Jr. (R-CT) and AIDS Funding

Sen. Lowell Weicker Jr. was the U.S. Senator from Connecticut from 1971 to 1989. As chairman of the Appropriations Subcommittee that handles money bills for the Department of Health and Human Services, he used his authority to promote funding for AIDS research from 1983 on. "The Government's top health official said today that the investigation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome had become ''the No. 1 priority'' of the United States Public Health Service. Dr. Edward N. Brandt Jr., an Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services, said the Government was taking steps in an effort to identify the cause and find a cure for the mysterious illness, known as AIDS, which leads to a breakdown of the body's immune system against disease. Dr. Brandt announced six new research grants for study of the ailment and the approval of a new heat treatment for blood products, through which some scientists believe the infectious agent might be transmitted... Dr. Brandt rejected the suggestions of some critics who said the Public Health Service had neglected the disease because it occurred mainly among homosexuals. But after he spoke, Virginia M. Apuzzo, executive director of the National Gay Task Force, a homosexual rights organization, said: 'The entire agency is conducting business as usual insofar as this particular health crisis is concerned. It is inexcusable that a supplemental budget request has not been submitted to Congress'... Dr. Brandt said the Government expected to spend $14.5 million for work on AIDS this year. That is almost as much as the $15.9 million the Government has spent combating legionnaires' disease since the first recognized outbreak in 1976, he said... In another indication of growing concern in Washington, aides to Senator Lowell P. Weicker Jr. reported that he would seek $12 million in additional funds for research and other activities related to the immune deficiency syndrome. The money, to be proposed as part of a supplemental appropriation bill for the current fiscal year, would increase Federal spending on the disease by 83 percent." (Health Chief Calls AIDS Battle 'No. 1 Priority. By Report Pear. New York Times, May 25, 1983.) "On Wednesday, the House approved an amendment to the fiscal 1983 supplemental appropriations bill offered by Representative William H. Natcher, Democrat of Kentucky, that would increase Federal spending on AIDS by $12 million. Senator Lowell P. Weicker Jr., a Connecticut Republican, reported he would sponsor similar legislation." (Immune Disease Given Priority. By Margot Slade and Wayne Biddle. New York Times, May 29, 1983.)

"The debate over the adequacy of Government financing for AIDS research intensified in Congress today as a top public health official said he had recommended an additional $70 million increase next year and a Harvard scientist said even that would not be enough to cope with a ''mounting disaster.'' Dr. James O. Mason, Acting Assistant Secretary for Health in the Department of Health and Human Services, told a Senate committee he had recommended that Federal spending for research on acquired immune deficiency syndrome be increased by $70 million above the Reagan Administration's $126 million request for the fiscal year 1986. That request would increase spending by about $17 million over the current fiscal year, which ends Sept. 30." A House Appropriations subcommittee had already approved a similar amount. Dr. William A. Haseltine, a leading AIDS researcher at the Harvard Medical School in Boston, demanded an increase of at least $110 million, and claimed that AIDS funding had been "woefully inadequate." (Official and Expert Seek Greater Rise in AIDS Money. By Philip M. Boffey. New York Times, Sep. 26, 1985.)

"The Senate today approved a program of education, treatment and research to combat AIDS at a cost of up to $1 billion. The measure was the first comprehensive plan dealing with acquired immune deficiency syndrome to come before Congress, and it had bipartisan support, winning by a vote of 87 to 4. The bill now goes to the House, where approval is expected. President Reagan is expected to sign the measure, which declares the disease to be a public health emergency." It included $590 million for AIDS education, treatment and care, with another $400 million for vaccine research. Sens. Edward M. Kennedy (D-MA) and Orrin Hatch (R-UT) were the floor managers of the bill. (Programs to Fight AIDS Cleared by Senate, 87-4; House's Approval Is Seen. By Irvin Molotsky. New York Times, Apr. 29, 1988.)

"The [The Human Rights Campaign Fund] began in 1980 with a $5,000 contribution to former Representative Jim
Weaver, an Oregon Democrat who was an early supporter of gay rights. In the same year, doctors in San Franscisco and New York reported growing numbers of cases of homosexual men dying of rare infections. By 1982 the fund's contributions had reached $140,000. As for this election campaign, according to information compiled up to Sept. 8 by the Federal Election Commission, the fund will have spent more than $1.5 million, making it the 13th largest political action committee of 4,578 in the United States." It made campaign contributions to 72 House and Senate candidates, including the maximum allowed contribution of $5000 in the primary and $5000 in the general election to Sen Weicker. Rep. Henry Waxman, chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee's Subcommittee on Health and the Environment, got $4000. (Lobbies; Homosexual Groups and the Politics of AIDS. By Julie Johnson. New York Times, Oct. 6, 1988.)

The $1 billion plan established prevention programs, developed care and treatment networks and accelerated research efforts to find vaccines and cures. Some parts of the plan were approved earlier in separate legislation. Altogether, Congress has budgeted about $1.5 billion for research, education and other aspects of the AIDS problem for the fiscal year that began Oct. 1." $100 million was to be spent for testing each year for the next two years, $100 million a year for two years to provide home health care, $285 million to $300 million a year for three years for AIDS research, and $250 million to $300 million a year for three years for AIDS education. Other bills authorized spending on research that could include AIDS. "The bill requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services to expedite the award of grants and contracts for research into AIDS, adds 780 new Federal employees to carry out education programs and work on approvals of new drugs, and requires the National Institutes of Health to improve communications with community-based physicians treating AIDS patients. In addition, there are procedures for getting speedier assessment of new drugs intended for the prevention or treatment of AIDS and there is a provision intended to give AIDS patients who want to undergo experimental treatment the option of receiving the treatment in their own communities instead of traveling to university centers, as is the case now. A toll-free hotline is to be established for the latest information on research, and a data bank is to be set up so that researchers can learn what related research is being conducted elsewhere, while a second will provide information on clinical trials and treatments. An Office of AIDS Research is to be established, with its director chosen by the head of the National Institutes of Health." The bill allocated money according to the number of AIDS patients, thus insuring interest in obtaining the funds. "There was little discussion of the program in the brief consideration of it by each chamber. ''The procedure visited upon us was not to our liking,'' said Representative Edward R. Madigan of Illinois, the ranking Republican on the health subcommittee." (Congress Passes Compromise AIDS Bill. By Irvin Molotsky. New York Times, Oct. 14, 1988.)

The Foundations Step In

The big foundations created the National-Community AIDS Partnership in 1988, to be run by by the National AIDS Network in Washington. "Initially, the Ford Foundation will contribute $2 million to the partnership. Much smaller sums at the outset are coming from other philanthropies in the national partnership: the Kaiser Family Foundation, $200,000; the Rockefeller Foundation and Gannett Foundations, $100,000 each, and the Xerox Foundation and the Aetna Life and Casualty Foundation, $50,000 each annually for two years." The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation of Princeton, N.J. had already spent $20 million, and the the New York Community Trust $822,000 for AIDS activities. Dr. David E. Rogers, former president of the Johnson Foundation and now the Walsh McDermott professor at Cornell University Medical College, was chairman of the national committee overseeing the project. (Ford Foundation Leads Delayed Philanthropic Response to AIDS. By Kathleen Teltsch. New York Times, Apr. 24, 1988.)

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