The William O. Baker Page

Bell Laboratories has been active in high-level health policy at least as far back as the Bowman Committee in the FDR administration. Bell Labs director Frank Jewett was a friend of Vannevar Bush.

Edward E. David Jr.

Edward E. David Jr. was Executive Director of Research at Bell Telephone Labs from 1950 to 1970. He was an ex officio member of the National Cancer Advisory Board, serving with Mary Lasker from 1970 to 1973, while he was Science Advisor to President Nixon and Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology.

Solomon J. Buchsbaum

In 1972, Solomon J. Buchsbaum was Executive Director, Research Communication Sciences Division, and a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee under Chairman David. He was a trustee of the RAND Corporation from 1982-1992, during the period of its Manning study of smoking costs.

Elizabeth E. Bailey

Bailey was Research Head for the Economic Research Department of Bell Laboratories from 1973 to 1977; then she was Commissioner and Vice Chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board from 1977 to 1983, where she tried to ram a smoking ban through. Finally, in 1989, she became a director of Philip Morris!!

H.I. Romnes and UW Chancellor John Wiley

Haakan I. Romnes started with the Bell System in 1935 as a member of the technical staff of Bell Telephone Laboratories, and eventually became the chairman of A.T.&T. He was a director of the American Cancer Society 1964-68, and president of the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation. Wiley was at Bell Telephone Laboratories from 1968 to 1974, before joining the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Wisconsin in 1975.

William O. Baker

1986 Baker bio: "William O. Baker retired in 1980 as chairman of the board of Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., following service since 1973 as president. He joined Bell Laboratories in 1939, becoming head of polymer research and development in 1948; from 1951 to 1954 he was assistant director of chemical and metallurgical research, and during the next year was director of physical sciences research. He became vice-president of research in 1955 and had overall responsibility for Bell Laboratories research programs for the next 25 years.

"Vice-chairman of the New Jersey Board of Higher Education and co-author of A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform (1983), he is a trustee of Carnegie-Mellon, Princeton, and Rockefeller (chairman) universities. On the Board of Overseers of the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania, he serves also as a trustee of the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, the Fund for New Jersey, General Motors Cancer Research Foundation, the Charles Babbage Institute, and the Andrew Mellon Foundation (chairman). He presently serves as chairman of the Summit Bancorporation, Johnson & Johnson, Annual Reviews, and the Health Effects Institute.

"Dr. Baker received a Ph.D. degree from Princeton University, holding Harvard and Proctor fellowships, after receiving a B.S. in physical chemistry from Washington College." (Contributors. In: The Positive Sum Strategy: Harnessing Technology for Economic Growth. By Ralph Landau and Nathan Rosenberg. National Academy Press, 1986.)

A number of ther members of the "Anti-Smoker Industrial Complex" contributed to this book as well, including Baker's crony at Bell Labs, N. Bruce Hannay, and John S. Reed, the head of Citibank and director of Philip Morris.

The Positive Sum Strategy / National Academy Press

Baker's bio at the New Institute of Technology indicates that he served on the National Cancer Advisory Board, years not specified.

Baker bio / New Jersey Institute of Technology

Bell Labs and anti-smoking

Bell Laboratories is is one of the Corporate Villains who were involved in anti-smoking activities by 1978. (Review and Evaluation of Smoking Cessation Methods: the United States and Canada, 1978-1985. By Jerome L. Schwartz, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Cancer Institute, US DHEW, April 1987, pages 113-117.)

Schwartz, 1987 / UCSF (pdf, 208 pp)

The General Motors Cancer Research Foundation

William O. Baker was a founding director of the General Motors Cancer Research Foundation. Established in 1978, its first Board of Directors also included Drs. Joseph G. Fortner and Jonathan Rhoads of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; Laurance S. Rockefeller; Thomas A. Murphy, then GM's Chairman of the Board, who helped Henry Schacht of Cummins Engine Company found the Health Effects Institute to loot the automotive industry to fund its enemies, just like the tobacco industry; Benno Schmidt.

GM Cancer Research Foundation / General Motors

The Health Effects Institute

William Baker was also a founding director of the Health Effects Institute, which was established by Henry B. Schacht of Cummins Engine Co., former EPA Administrator Donald Costle, and Archibald Cox.

The Health Effects Institute / Sebago Associates (doc)

Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

Baker was a trustee of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation; Hanna Holborn Gray, former president of the University of Chicago and director of Cummins Engine Co., is a fellow trustee. (link died http://www.mellon.org/trust.html)

Rockefeller University

Baker is a chairman emeritus of Rockefeller University. D. Ronald Daniel, a former trustee of the American Health Foundation, is a trustee, and David A. Hamburg, former president of the Carnegie Corp. of New York, is an emeritus trustee.

Board of Trustees / Rockefeller University

General American Investors

William Baker is an emeritus board member of GAI, an investment firm founded by Frank Altschul.

President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board

Baker was a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board from 1959 to 1977. In 1985, President Reagan again appointed him to the board. (Appointment of 14 members of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, and Designation of the Chairman and Vice Chairman. Nov. 15, 1985.)

Appointments, Nov. 15, 1985 / Reagan Library, UT

Baker was one of several persons who "dominated the [NSA] advisory board during much of the 1960s and early 1970s" (CH. 9 Competition. In: The Puzzle Palace: A Report on America's Most Secret Agency, by James Bamford. Penguin Books, 1983.)

Ch. 9 The Puzzle Palace / Rombert Oldenboom website

RISE

Baker is on the Advisory Board of the Charles A. Dana Research Institute for Scientists Emeriti (RISE) at Drew University. It was founded in 1981 by George deStevens, former EVP and director of research at CIBA-Geigy, and noted for his development of high blood pressure drugs. Other members of the Advisory Board include Bell Labs crony Edward E. David, and Antonie T. Knoppers (Salk Institute trustee ca. 1971).

About / RISE

N. Bruce Hannay

1986 Hannay bio: "N. Bruce Hannay was vice-president for research, Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey, until 1982. Dr. Hannay joined Bell Laboratories in 1944. He is the author of approximately 80 technical articles, primarily in the areas of mass spectroscopy, molecular structure, semiconductors, and solid state chemistry.

"He has served on many National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, and National Research Council committees and as an advisor to many universities, government agencies, and international organizations.

"Dr. Hannay is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a corresponding member of the Mexican National Academy of Engineering, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is past-president of Directors of Industrial Research. He is chairman of science advisory councils at Atlantic Richfield and Gulf Applied Technologies and a member of advisory councils at Cortexa International Fund (Paribas), SCI/TECH Holdings, Chrysler, Comsat, and United Technologies; he has also served on the Merck Institute Board of Scientific Advisors. He is on the Board of Directors of the General Signal Corporation, Plenum Publishing Company, Rohm and Haas Company, Alex. Brown Cash Reserve Fund and Tax-free Fund, and Flag Investors Fund." (Contributors. In: The Positive Sum Strategy: Harnessing Technology for Economic Growth. By Ralph Landau and Nathan Rosenberg. National Academy Press, 1986. Landau was a trustee of the health fascist American Health Foundation between 1972 and 1985.)

Hannay bio - The Positive sum Strategy / National Academy Press

John S. Mayo

In 1980, John S. Mayo was Executive Vice President of Network Systems; N. Bruce Hannay was Vice President of Research and Patents, and William O. Baker was Chairman of the Board. Mayo became President of AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1991. He was a director of the Johnson & Johnson Co. from 1986 to 2001.

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cast 01-08-12