Harvard School of Public Health's Lifestyle-Questionnaire Studies Are Scientific Fraud!
The Harvard School of Public Health boasts that it "Prompted revolutionary revisions to the U.S. Clean Air Act through the Six Cities Study, begun in 1974 in response to the U.S. energy crisis. The study found that air pollution-related cardiopulmonary problems were occurring at exposure levels below existing standards; the most dangerous components of air pollution were microscopic bits of solid matter (particulates) produced by fossil fuel combustion; indoor air pollution was sometimes significantly riskier than outdoor pollution; and that passive smoking has significant effects on the respiratory health of children." This is charlatanism, because the alleged cardiovascular problems were among persons who already had serious heart disease, and the supposed effects were concocted by massaging the data with fast-fourier transform formulas, without regard to the role of infection as a cause of either chronic or acute cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, the death rates from asthma have steadily risen ever since the anti-smoking charlatans began imposing smoking bans and inmtimidating suckers out of smoking in their own homes.
The Harvard School of Public Health boasts that they "Showed that the large majority of coronary heart disease and diabetes cases can be prevented by avoidance of smoking, moderate physical activity, weight control, a diet emphasizing healthy fats, healthy carbohydrates, and generous intake of fruits and vegetables, and optional moderate alcohol intake," which they attribute to "research results from the Nurses’ Health Study I and II, the Health Professionals Follow-up Health Study, and/or the Physicians’ Health Study I and II which are conducted by researchers in the Division of Preventive Medicine and the Channing Laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, together with researchers in the Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition at HSPH." This is fraudulent on its face, because the majority of heart disease patients do not have (and have never had) any of those pretended risk factors. And it is scientific fraud, because these claims are based on extrapolation from studies based on nothing but lifestyle questionnaires, which are not confirmed by randomized trials such as the $625 million Women's Health Initiative:
Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. BV Howard, et al. JAMA 2006 Feb 8;295(6):655-666. Randomized controlled trial of 48,835 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years, 1993-98. "The diet had no significant effects on incidence of CHD (hazard ratio [HR], 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.90-1.06), stroke (HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.90-1.15), or CVD (HR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.92-1.05). "Over a mean of 8.1 years, a dietary intervention that reduced total fat intake and increased intakes of vegetables, fruits, and grains did not significantly reduce the risk of CHD, stroke, or CVD in postmenopausal women and achieved only modest effects on CVD risk factors..." After finding no effect, they nonsensically declare that "more focused diet and lifestyle interventions may be needed to improve risk factors and reduce CVD risk."Howard / JAMA 2006 full article
Their lies about smoking are specifically contradicted by the fact that the decline in death rates since 1970 has been as large among smokers as among non-smokers: "Nonsudden CHD death decreased by 64% (95% CI 50% to 74%, Ptrend<0.001), and SCD rates decreased by 49% (95% CI 28% to 64%, Ptrend<0.001). These trends were seen in men and women, in subjects with and without a prior history of CHD, and in smokers and nonsmokers." (Temporal trends in coronary heart disease mortality and sudden cardiac death from 1950 to 1999: the Framingham Heart Study. CS Fox, JC Evans, MG Larson, WB Kannel, D Levy. Circulation 2004 Aug 3;110(5):522-527.) This is despite the different rates of smoking and quitting between men and women during this interval.Fox / Circulation 2004 abstract
The Harvard School of Public Health boasts that they "Published a groundbreaking study highlighting the hazards of passive smoking, or 'second-hand smoke.' The study linked this exposure to lung cancer." Presumably they are referring to the specious trash of Dimitrios Trichopoulos, the author of vintage 1981 anti-smoking hate propaganda based on nothing but a lifestyle questionnaire: "Born in the Greek city of Volos in 1938, he thrived and excelled as a student, despite civil war and a ruined economy that made life hard following World War II. Encouraged by his surgeon-father to pursue medicine, he chose to study psychiatry and neurology at the University of Athens Medical School. There he met epidemiologist Brian MacMahon of the Harvard School of Public Health, who noted his facility with numbers and urged him to seek a master's degree at HSPH... Eventually he was recruited to the HSPH faculty full-time, where from 1989 to 1996 he served as the School's Epidemiology Department chair." (Epidemiology's Odysseus. By Peter Wehrwein. Harvard Public Health Review, Fall 2004.)The Conspiracy of Silence About HPV and Lung Cancer
The Harvard School of Public Health has deliberately used its lackies within the National Cancer Institute to fund defective studies, while ignoring more than 50 studies which demonstrate that human papillomavirus is involved in ten times more lung cancers than the anti-smoking demagogues pretend are caused by secondhand smoke. Because passive smokers are more likely to have been exposed to HPV, this is their means to falsely blame passive smoking for lung cancer.HPV Causes Lung Cancer
The Harvard School of Public Health boasts that "Gro Harlem Brundtland, MPH ’65, was Director-General of the World Health Organization from 1998-2003," and that "Since 1962, six directors of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have been Harvard School of Public Health graduates." That explains their predeliction for scientific fraud. Furthermore, it is a graduate of the Harvard School of Public who is the grand ringleader of global scientific fraud: Jon Samet has been an anti-smoking activist since the Fifth World Conference on Smoking and Health in 1983. He was one of three "consulting scientific editors" and "prepared draft chapters or portions" of the 1986 Surgeon General Report, "The Health Consequences of Involuntary Smoking," and was also involved in the 1984, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2001 and 2004 SG Reports, and was Senior Scientific Editor of the 2006 Surgeon General Report, "The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke." He was also a member of the Science Advisory Board of the so-called "EPA" Report on ETS, the key chapters of which were actually secretly written by an anti-smoking activist crony of Samet's, using illegal pass-through contracts to conceal his role. Samet was Chairman of the IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) committee which produced the fraudulent Monograph on Smoking and Involuntary Smoking in 2003. In 2005, Samet and three anti-smoking activist cronies formed a majority of the voting board of the ASHRAE Position Document on ETS. In addition, he committed perjury in 1998 in the State of Minnesota lawsuit against the cigarette companies, and testified in the US Department of Justice lawsuit against them as well.The Jonathan M. Samet Page
"The Harvard School of Public Health has announced an initiative to educate the public about good health habits and to 'deepen media coverage of health.' ...When an issue already gets prominent coverage, the center's strategy will be to find fresh angles. For instance, Winsten said, it may produce an in-depth briefing paper on nicotine's addictive properties, drawing on the latest research. This information, he noted, might have significant implications in court battles over tobacco companies' liability for cigarette-related disease and death.
"The new center's $200,000 annual budget will come mainly from a $120,000 grant from the Ruth Mott Fund and a $60,000 gift from Ivan S. Boesky, a New York financier and philanthropist whose fortune comes from arbitrage, the takeover of one publicly traded firm by another. Boesky already funds a visiting fellowship at the school for professional journalists.
"The center's advisory board is chaired by former US surgeon general Julius Richmond, now director of Harvard's Division of Health Policy Research and Education.
"Other board members include NBC newsman John Chancellor, David Perlman of the San Francisco Chronicle, former CBS president Frank Stanton, New England Journal of Medicine editor Arnold Relman, former Federal Trade Commission chairman Michael Pertschuk, Nieman Foundation director Howard Simons, Harvard legal medicine scholar William J. Curran, Stephen Havas of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health and Joann Rodgers of the Johns Hopkins University medical institutions in Baltimore." (Harvard School of Public health to encourage media health coverage. By Richard A. Knox. The Boston Globe, Jan. 2, 1986.)Boston Globe, 1986 / UCSF (pdf, 1 p)
The Harvard School of Public Health was founded to force Puritan religious dogma down the world's throat, by disguising it as "science" So it's not surprising that The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars Program gave them a five-year, $5,494,665 grant to those lifestyle questionnaire-peddling charlatans. "Program to build the field of population health by training scholars to investigate the connections among biological, behavioral, environmental, economic and social determinants of health; and develop, evaluate and disseminate knowledge and interventions based upon integration of these determinants." Grants List, ID 53572, accessed 12/7/08.
(Gates Foundation Gives Millions for Coverage of World Health. By Donald B. McNeil Jr. New York Times, Dec. 8, 2008.) Given Harvard's record of health fascist scientific fraud, it's easy to guess what kind of training this is.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, HC1903, created the gigantic tax subsidy for the health insurance industry that enabled it to expand to destroy the Constitution; Phillippe Villers, founder of Families USA, source of the bogus "Hidden Health Tax" cited in the Obama administration's brief to the Supreme Court, who also bought off the American Civil Liberties Union.
Harvard School of Public Health benefactor John L. Loeb '24 funded the professorship of fraudulent smoking cost author David M. Cutler 1987, Ph.D. (Economics) MIT 1991. Harvard School of Public Health instigated the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health workplace health fascism program to control workers "in every aspect of their lives."
Alumni of the Harvard Economics Department have also played key roles by manufacturing fraudulent "smoking cost" studies, namely Joseph P. Newhouse, Ph.D. 1968, Frank A. Sloan, Ph.D. 1969, Jonathan Gruber, Ph.D. 1992, and Katherine Baicker, Ph.D. 1998.
Harvard Law School produced Chief Supreme Court Justice John Roberts, 1976 and 1979, who formally sacrificed the Constitution to the health fascists.
(Milestones in HSPH History. Harvard School of Public Health, accessed 2/23/08.)Milestones in HSPH History / Harvard School of Public Health
In 1868, the Overseers elected were E. Rockwood Hoar, Francis Parkman, George S. Hillard, John H. Clifford, Charles W. Eliot, Charles Devens Jr., William G. Russell, Theodore Lyman, Charles Francis Adams, and J. Elliot Cabot, for six years; George E.C. Noble and Henry A. Whitney, for four years; and Charles A. Humphries and John C. Ropes, for two years. (Lowell Daily Citizen and News, Jul. 16, 1868.) Charles Francis Adams Sr. (1807-1886) was the son of President John Quincy Adams, and grandson of President John Adams. He had been Ambassador to Britain from 1861 to 1868, and declined the presidency of Harvard. His wife was Abigail Brown Brooks. (Wikipedia)
Charles William Eliot (1834-1926) left Harvard in 1863 and traveled in Europe. Upon his return in 1865, he was appointed professor of analytic chemistry at the newly-founded Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In that year, election of the Harvard Overseers was transferred from the state legislature to the alumni. Eliot was president of Harvard from 1869 to 1909, and a trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation from 1914 to 1917. His son, Samuel Atkins Eliot II, a Unitarian minister, was the first and longest-serving president of the American Unitarian Association.
"Smoking and drinking were both touched upon and Dr. Eliot admitted he had been a moderate drinker before the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect. 'My father asked me to promise that I would not smoke while in college,' he said, 'and I kept that promise. After I was graduated I began to smoke and enjoyed a good cigar occasionally." (President Eliot Works 12 Hours Daily; Has No Fixed Rules for Health or Diet. New York Times, Mar. 1, 1922.) "Dr. Charles W. Eliot, President Emeritus of Harvard University, has written the United Restaurant Owners' Association [of New York City] that thousands of persons kill themselves before their time by overeating and overdrinking, and extracts from his letter were made public yesterday by the association in connection with a movement to improve the health of patrons through suggestions for well-balanced diets." (Restaurants Plan Diet for Patrons. New York Times, May 18, 1924.)
Charles W. Eliot's first wife was Ellen Derby Peabody, whose father, Rev. Ephraim Peabody, a Unitarian minister, was a church and business associate of Rev. James Handasyd Perkins in Cincinnati, Ohio, in the 1830s. Peabody and Perkins together published the Western Messenger, a religious monthly. (The Descendants of Richard Hutchinson of Arnold, Nottinghamshire, England; Centennial History of Cincinnati and Representative Citizens. By Charles Theodore Greve. Biographical Pub. Co., 1904, p. 624). Her grandfather was John Derby, son of Salem merchant Elias Hasket Derby, who was among the first to send ships to China. John Derby, Esq. was the banker in the family.Centennial History of Cincinnati and Representative Citizens / Google Books
His father, Samuel Atkins Eliot, Harvard 1817, was the treasurer of Harvard from 1842 to 1853. In 1853, he became a partner of the commission house of Charles H. Mills & Co. of Boston until 1859, when he was elected President of the Boston Gas Light Company. He was the Mayor of Boston from 1837-39, and a U.S. Congressman from 1850-52. He was the son of Samuel Eliot and Catharine Atkins. He married Mary Lyman, daughter of Theodore Lyman of Boston. (Alumni of Harvard College. Necrology. Boston Daily Advertiser, Jul. 16, 1862.)
His grandfather, Samuel Eliot, married Katherine Atkins in Newburyport. (Married. Salem Chronicle, May 25,1786.) He was the manager of a lottery for the benefit of the "University at Cambridge." (Scheme of a Lottery. To the Publick. Massachusetts Spy, Worcester, Mass., Dec. 25, 1788.) He died in 1820 at the age of 81. (Died. Boston Intelligencer, Jan. 22, 1820.) He founded the professorship of Greek Literature at Harvard in 1814, with $20,000 in specie. (Samuel Eliot. Boston Weekly Messenger, Feb. 3, 1820.) The executors of his will were John Lowell and John Belknap. (Advertisement. Boston Commercial Gazette, Feb. 3, 1820.) "The donation bestowed by Samuel Eliot, in the foundation of the Greek Professorship, was the largest sum ever bestowed on the College by any benefactor in his lifetime, and the interest received before his death was equivalent to an addition of eight thousand dollars to the original gift." His paternal uncle, Rev. Andrew Eliot, had been a member of the Harvard Corporation from 1765 to 1778. "In 1773, he formed the first book of 'Grants, Donations, and Bequests to Harvard College from the foundation of the Society.'" His son, Rev. John Eliot, D.D., of Boston, was a member of the Corporation from 1804 to 1813. (The History of Harvard University, Vol. 2. By Josiah Quincy, 1840, pp. 313-315.)The History of Harvard University, p. 313 / Google Books
His great-grandfather, Samuel Eliot, was a brother of Rev. Andrew Eliot, HC1737, Pastor of the New North Church in Boston. Their sister, Ruth, married Nathaniel Thayer, and was "ancestor of the Thayers of Lancaster and Boston, Mass." (A Sketch of the Eliot Family. By Walter Graeme Eliot, 1888, pp. 24-26.) Andrew Eliot HC1737 died in 1778. (Boston Independent Ledger, Sep. 14, 1778.) During the Revolutionary War, Rev. Eliot and his son, Rev. Andrew Eliot [HC 1762] of Fairfield, Conn., sent "[L]arge confidential packets with directions to take care to maintain the secrecy" between each other, "to be given with discretion to the right parties, who were never explicitly named; although great care to identify names, places, supplies, and wounded" were always given. They are suspected members of the Culper Spy Ring. (Book extract from Missing Links to the Culper Spy Ring? By Bernadine Fawcett.)A Sketch of the Eliot Family, p. 25 / Google Books
Rev. Andrew Eliot HC1762 married Mary Pynchon, daughter of Joseph Pynchon, HC1726. Their son, Rev. Andrew Eliot, graduated from Yale in 1799. He was pastor of New Milford, Conn., and a Fellow of Yale College until his death in 1829. (Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, June, 1792 - September, 1805, p. 354.)Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale, 1792-1805, p. 354 / Google Books
Rev. Andrew Eliot 1762's brother, Samuel Eliot (1748-1784), married Elizabeth Greenleaf, daughter of William Greenleaf. They were the grandparents of Unitarian minister Rev. William Greenleaf Eliot Jr. (1811-1887), founder of Washington University in St. Louis, Mo. He was born in New England, but raised in Washington, D.C. His mother, Margaret Dawes, was the daughter of Judge Thomas Dawes of Boston, a descendant of Maj. Dawes, who accompanied Paul Revere on his famous ride. (Death of Dr. W.G. Eliot. St. Louis Daily Globe-Democrat, Jan. 24, 1887.) His future father-in-law, Judge William Cranch, married his grandmother's sister, p. 4. Cranch was a cousin and boyhood friend of John Quincy Adams, p. 5. At Cambridge Divinity School, William G. Eliot Jr. admired German philosophers such as Fichte and Goethe, whose ideology that the individual exists to serve the state is the foundation of modern totalitarian governments, p. 9. He visited Rev. Ephraim Peabody in Cincinnati in 1834, during the journey to his ministry in St. Louis, p. 19. He hated the personal liberty of the French settlers there, p. 32. Washington University in St. Louis was chartered in 1854, p. 82. William Chauvenet [S&B 1840], succeed Joseph Gibson Hoyt [S&B 1840, his classmate] as Chancellor, p. 86. Henry Hitchcock [S&B 1848] founded the law school, p. 93. Eliot was active in the movement for compulsory schooling in St. Louis, p. 318. His brother, Thomas Dawes Eliot, was a member of Congress from Massachusetts [1859-1869]. (William Greenleaf Eliot: Minister, Educator, Philanthropist. By Charlotte Chauncy Stearns Eliot, 1904.) His mother was the sister of highly politically-connected James Greenleaf, a notorious land speculator during the founding days of Washington, D.C. His uncle, Samuel Eliot Jr., went there to be Greenleaf's assistant before Samuel Eliot Sr.'s family moved there.William Greenleaf Eliot: Minister, Educator, Philanthropist / Google Books
Members of the Eliot family were among the Fifty Associates, a real estate syndicate, "the oldest and closest corporation in the City of Boston... Its shareholders are to be found 'at home' on Beacon Street and Commonwealth Avenue, and their offices are in State Street and adjoining lanes. Their blood is blue." It was founded in 1820. "The leading stockholder and promoter of the new corporation was David Sears, whose direct descendants still hold large blocks of the stock; William Eliot, the builder of Tremont House, was also among the notable fifty. His descendants at the present day, among them Dr. Samuel Eliot, Charles Eliot Guild, Charles Eliot Norton, and others, hold considerable of the stock." There were several Bradlees among the stockholders. "The possession of this stock is such a distinction that on the death of a holder this part of the estate is usually published in connection with the fortunate heir." (The Fifty Associates. New York Times, Nov. 6, 1894.)
In 1902, John D. Rockefeller made a conditional gift of $765,000 to enlarge and endow the Harvard Medical School. Funds raised to secure the money included $250,000 from Mrs. Collis P. Huntington, specifically for a building to be named after her late husband; James Stillman, $100,000; Francis L. Higginson, $60,000; Frederick C. Shattuck, $50,000; Robert Bacon, George F. Fabyan, Elliott C. Lee, W.L. Richardson, David Sears, and Nathaniel Thayer, $25,000 each; Augustus Hemenway, $15,000; and H.H. Hunnewell, $12,500. "There were ten gifts of $10,000 each, twelve of $5,000 each, two of $2,000 each, and seventeen of $1,000 each, besides many of smaller figures." "With Mr. Rockefeller's gift and the pledge made by J.P. Morgan last June to give three buildings at a cost exceeding $1,000,000, an aggregate of $2,821,225 will be available for the use of the medical school." (Money Gifts to Harvard. New York Times, Mar. 14, 1902.) Bacon was a partner of J.P. Morgan until 1903. Hemenway was a son-in- law of Amos Adams Lawrence.
Nathaniel Thayer: "Mr. Thayer was the son of Nathan Thayer, a constructor of many Western railroads, and Cornelia Van Rensselaer Thayer, a descendant of the Rev. John Cotton of Boston. From his father, Mr. Thayer inherited $2,000,000, which he increased considerably. He was twice married, his first wife, Miss Cornelia Barroll of Baltimore, leaving him three children, one of whom, Miss Cornelia Thayer, married Count Von Moltke, the Danish Minister to the United States. His second wife, Miss Pauline Revere, was a descendant of Paul Revere." He was President of the Union Stock Yards Company of Chicago, a director of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad and several other railroads, a director of the American Bell Telephone Company, American Telephone and Telegraph, Massachusetts Life Insurance Company, Merchants' National Bank, New England Trust Company, Old Colony Trust Company, United States Steel, and numerous other companies. (Nathaniel Thayer Dead. New York Times, Mar. 22, 1911.) He was a trustee of the Massachusetts General Hospital Corporation. (Local Matters. Fitchburg Sentinel, Feb. 6, 1885; Massachusetts General Hospital. Boston Daily Globe, Feb. 3, 1887.) Pauline Revere was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Revere 3d. She was a member of the Republican National Committee in 1924, "and was looked upon as advisor and confidante of both Presidents Coolidge and Hoover." Among many Boston chairities, her favorites included the Massachusetts General Hospital. (Mrs. Thayer Dead; Paul Revere's Kin. New York Times, Sep. 30, 1934.)
His brother was Eugene Van Rensselaer Thayer (1855-1907), who married Susan Spring. (Eugene V.R. Thayer Dead. New York Times, Dec. 21, 1907.) Their daughter, Katherine Spring Thayer, married Howland Russell, son of Henry Sturgis Russell. Eugene Van Rensselaer Thayer Jr. was president and a director of the Chase National Bank.Hudson-Mohawk Genealogical and Family Memoirs: Van Rensselaer / Schenectady Digital History Archive
His father, Nathaniel Thayer, was born in Lancaster, Mass., in 1808. He was a partner of John E. Thayer and Brother, bankers, with his brother, John Eliot Thayer. He was an overseer of Harvard, 1866-1868, and a fellow, 1868-1875. He married Cornelia Van Rensselaer, daughter of Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer of New York. He died in 1883. (Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, Vol. VIII, 1907, p. 129; Hudson-Mohawk Genealogical and Family Memoirs: Van Rensselaer. Schenectady Digital History Archive.) He gave more than $250,000 to Harvard during his lifetime. (Obituary. New York Times, Mar. 8, 1883.) His estate was over $16 million, including $8 million in stocks and $5 million in bonds. (The Late Nathaniel Thayer's Estate. New York Times, Apr. 30, 1883.) Nathaniel Thayer was a director of the Colonial Life Insurance Company of Scotland. Fellow directors included James S. Wadsworth and Thomas Tileston, and its Governor was The Right Hon. The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, Governor General of Canada. (Insurance. New York Times, Jan. 2, 1854.) Nathaniel Thayer and the family of Thomas Tileston each gave $25,000 to Washington University in St. Louis. Thayer was one of the largest stockholders in the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railway. (Generous Donations to Washington University, St. Louis. Milwaukee Daily Sentinel, Aug. 15, 1864.) The gift was attributed to the personal influence of Rev. [William Greenleaf] Eliot [Unitarian minister who founded WUSL]. (Boston Daily Advertiser, Sep. 7, 1864.) Thayer sold his stock in the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to Robert Garrett's syndicate, which gained control. (Railway Work and Plans. New York Times, Feb. 24, 1881.)
Mrs. Nathaniel Thayer was a Royal descendant (through the ubiquitous Livingstons) of Louis VI, King of France. (Americans of Royal Descent: A collection of genealogies of American families. By Charles Henry Browning, 1891, p. 586.) Her niece, Mrs. Howard Townsend, was one of the founders of the Memorial Cancer Center in New York City.Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, p. 129 / Google Books
John Eliot Thayer married Cornelia Adeline Granger, only daughter of Hon. Francis Granger, in Canandaigua, N.Y. (Marriages. Daily National Intelligencer, Oct. 8, 1855.) Her mother was a Van Rensselaer. She was a Royal descendant of Henry the Fowler, Emperor of Germany and Louis IV, King of France. (Americans of Royal Descent: A collection of genealogies of American families. By Charles Henry Browning, 1891, p. 397.) John Eliot Thayer left a $50,000 trust in the hands of Samuel A. Eliot, Rev. George Putnam, and his brother Nathaniel, for scholarships to Harvard. He gave $10,000 to Rev. George Putnam; gave more than $5,000 to Rev. Ephraim Peabody's widow and daughters during his lifetime; and left $1000 per annum for life to Dr. James Jackson or his wife. The estate was thought to be about $3 million. (Will of the late John E. Thayer. Boston Daily Advertiser, Oct. 14, 1857.)Americans of Royal Descent, p. 397 / Google Books
Nathaniel Thayer Sr.'s grandson, Stephen Van Rensselaer Thayer Jr. [Harvard 1894], married Julia Porter, daughter of A. Augustus Porter, at Niagara Falls, N.Y. Among the notable guests were eight members of the Rumsey family of Buffalo, and "Mr. George Howard, son of Henry Howard of England." (Thayer-Porter. New York Times, Jun. 6, 1895.) He died in Vichy, France. He had spent much time in Europe recently, and his daughter Alice was born in Paris. (Death List of a Day. New York Times, Jun. 26, 1907.) Mrs. Thayer's sister was the wife of Lt. Clarence R. Edwards. They were great-granddaughters of Judge [Augustus] Porter, who settled at Niagara Falls in 1805. (Social Boston Will Greet Her. Boston Daily Globe, May 5, 1895.) Mrs. Thayer and their three daughters continued to live in France. (Table Gossip. Boston Daily Globe, Dec. 26, 1915.)
"The Charles Wilder Professorship in the Medical School. Founded in 1909 under the will of Charles Wilder and his sister, Florence E. Wilder; in 1912 the fund was increased by Charles Wilder. Established by the President and Fellows in 1920." From 1920 to 1935, Milton Joseph Rosenau was the Charles Wilder Professor of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene. (Holders of Endowed Professorships. Historical Register of Harvard University, 1636-1936. Harvard University, 1937.)Holders of Endowed Professorships / Harvard University
The establishment of a "Department of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene" at Harvard in 1909 was announced in the Graduates' Magazine. The article proclaimed that "Its establishment is another symptom of the strong tendency to draw the physicians of the country into an organized public service. Though all doctors are now engaged in the work of preventive medicine, this work cannot be privately measured and paid for. No doubt so long as death continues to claim mankind there will be a province for the private practitioner. But his field is narrowing to the treatment of the more hopeless forms of disease. If he would live by what has become the chief part of medicine he must either enter the public health service or invade the field just opened by the enlightened business prudence of the life insurance companies. The example of Harvard must be followed by the other medical schools of the country, to supply the demand for specially trained men both in the service of these companies and in the public service." (Harvard's Pioneer School. New York Times, Sep. 13, 1909.)
Dr. Milton J. Rosenau was director of the hygiene laboratory of the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, when he accepted the newly-created chair of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine at Harvard. (Dr. Rosenau Accepts Harvard Chair. New York Times, Jul. 11, 1909.) Rosenau was a member of the commission created by Adolph Lewisohn, Nathan Straus, and the U.S. Ambassador to Constantinople Henry Morgenthau to visit Palestine. Dr. L.K. Frankel was also a member. (To Investigate Palestine. New York Times, June 13, 1914.) Frankel and Rosenau were both from Philadelphia, and Lulu Rosenau was married to Lee Frankel's brother, Perry Frankel.
Rosenau was a director of the Health-Education League of Boston in 1906, when it published "The Boy and the Cigarette," an anti-smoking screed by Hiram Sterling Pomeroy M.D., Yale 1872. Pomeroy was vice president of the group, and its president was Dudley Allen Sargent, Yale M.D. 1878, Director of Hemenway Gymnasium at Harvard University 1879-1919. (Pomeroy- Obituary Record of the Graduates, Yale University 1915-20, p. 338; Sargent- Obituary Record of Yale Graduates 1924-1925, p. 266.) Among the little vignettes in the pamphlet is "The Cigarette Boy and the Employer," which states that, "In Chicago there is a large association of business men pledged not to employ any cigarette smoking boys, and business men in other parts of the country are following their example, on the ground that the average cigarette fiend is so inefficient and dishonest as to be not worth hiring," illustrated with a story from the Chicago Chronicle. (The Boy and the Cigarette. By H.Sterling Pomeroy. A.M., M.D. Health-Education League, 1906, p. 13.) Among the group's later directors were Ellen H. Richards, whose nephew, Junius, was later a director of Phillip Morris' predecessor, Benson & Hedges; and C.E.A. Winslow.Obituary Record of the Graduates, Yale University 1915-20, p. 338 / Internet Archive
Dr. Milton J. Rosenau, Dr. Irving Fisher, Dr. William H. Welch [S&B 1870], and Dr. Haven Emerson were at the hearing of the Advisory Committee of the "Council of National Defense," whose purpose was to shut down the sex trade and impose prohibition on the U.S. military. Members of the Advisory Committee included Bernard M. Baruch. Raymond B. Fosdick headed the Commission on Training Camp Activities. (Barring Sex Diseases from the American Army. New York Times, October 28, 1917.)(excerpt from) Barring Sex Diseases from the American Army / The Mead Project, by Dr. Lloyd Gordon Ward, Brock U.
"Until 1910, there were no facilities for the training of public health workers in the United States. In that year the University of Michigan awarded the first specific public health degree. The first school, however, was organized in 1912 by William T. Sedgwick at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1913, Sedgwick joined forces with Milton J. Rosenau, professor of preventive medicine at the Harvard Medical School, and George C. Whipple, statistician and sanitary engineer, also of Harvard, to form a school of public health. In 1918, the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene was opened with William H. Welch [S&B 1870] as its first director." (A History of Public Health. By George Rosen. JHU Press, 1993.)
Rosenau was a member of the committee, headed by Dr. Lee K. Frankel of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, that was appointed by the Executive Committee of the American Jewish Relief Commission to visit Jewish centers in Europe. (Jewish Advisors to Sail. New York Times, June 17, 1922.)
"The Harvard School of Public Health, established last year as the result of the endowment received last year from the Rockefeller Foundation, which will ultimately amount to more than $2,000,000, will open Monday for the first time. During the first half year, Roger I. Lee, Professor of Hygiene, will serve as acting dean of this school in the absence abroad of Dr. David L. Edsall, Dean of the Medical School. The faculty of the school will include Drs. Richard P. Strong, Milton J. Rosenau, Lawrence J. Henderson, George C. Whipple, Cecil K. Drinker and Professor Edwin B. Wilson." The Harvard Theological School also opened that year. It was "formed last June by agreement between the Harvard authorities and the Trustees of Andover Theological Seminary," with Rev. Willard L. Sperry as Dean. (Harvard Will Open Two New Departments. New York Times, Sep. 24, 1922.)
Rosenau and Frankel were among eleven members of the Public Health and Medical Reference Board of Hadassah. (Doctors to Aid Hadassah. New York Times, June 22, 1930.)
The President and Fellows of Harvard University during 1909-1912 consisted of Henry Pickering Walcott (1890-1927); Henry Lee Higginson (1893-1919); Francis Cabot Lowell (1895-1911); Arthur Tracy Cabot (1896-1912); and Thomas Nelson Perkins (1905-1924 and 1926-). Clarence Cook Little, the future head of the American Society for the Control of Cancer - and later, the Tobacco Industry Research Council - was secretary to the Corporation of Harvard University from 1910-12.
The President and Fellows of Harvard in 1920-22 consisted of Henry Pickering Walcott (1890-1927); Thomas Nelson Perkins (1905-1924 and 1926-); William Lawrence (1913-1931); John Farwell Moors (1918-1931); and James Byrne (1920-1926). Charles Francis Adams was the Treasurer (1898-1925). (Chronological Tables: Treasurers. Historical Register of Harvard University, 1636-1936. Harvard University, 1937.) Abbott Lawrence Lowell was the President of Harvard from 1909 to 1933, when he was succeeded by James Bryant Conant.Chronological Tables: Treasurers / Harvard University
Henry Pickering Walcott (1838-1932) was a physician and a member and later chairman of the Massachusetts Board of Health. "Dr. Henry Pickering Walcott '58, the new president of the Alumni Association, after graduating from college, studied medicine at the Medical School and at Bowdoin, as well as in Vienna and Berlin. He served for 33 years on the Massachusetts State Board of Health, of which he was chairman from 1886 to 1914. He has been for many years chairman of the Massachusetts Water and Sewerage Commission. He has also served as president of the Massachusetts Medical Society, the American Public Health Association and the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, and as vice-president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. From 1887 to 1890 he was a member of the Board of Overseers of the College, and since then has been one of the Fellows, being now the senior member of that body. From 1900 to 1901, during one of the temporary absences of President Eliot, Dr. Walcott was Acting President. He received the honorary degree of LL. D. from Yale in 1907." And Robert Frederick Herrick '90 was appointed the Chief Marshal for Commencement. (Marshal At Commencement. The Crimson, Jan. 21, 1915.) He was a member of the executive committee of the American Public Health Association (Health Association. Galveston Daily News, Nov. 16, 1883) and president (The Health Congress. Milwaukee Sentinel, Dec. 12, 1885.)
Dr. Arthur Tracy Cabot (1852-1912), HC1872, a surgeon, was one of eight children of Dr. Samuel Cabot HC1836 and Hannah Lowell Jackson. His grandmother was a daughter of Thomas Handasyd Perkins. He was an advocate of clean surgery, and he and his brother Samuel established a fund for pathological research at Massachusetts General Hospital. He married Susan, a daughter of George O. Shattuck. His grandfather, Samuel Cabot, was a believer in homeopathy, but failed to convince his physician son. (A cyclopedia of American medical biography: comprising the lives of eminent deceased physicians and surgeons from 1610 to 1910, Vol. II. By Howard Atwood Kelly, M.D. W.B. Saunders Co., 1912, pp. 187 and 188.)A cyclopedia of American medical biography / Google Books
Thomas Nelson Perkins, Harvard 1891, was the grandson of James Handasyd Perkins (1810-1849), who was a Cincinnati crony of Skull & Bones founder Alphonso Taft. He was the son-in-law of Charles Francis Adams Jr. (1835-1915), son of Charles Francis Adams Sr. Meanwhile, his brother was involved in buying large amounts of American Tobacco Company stock.
Right Rev. William Lawrence (1850-1941) was the Episcopal Bishop of Massachusetts from 1893 to 1925. He was known as "the banker Bishop" because his fund raising drives "invariably developed with Midas-like magic." J. Pierpont Morgan was associated with the Church Pension Fund from its beginning in 1918, and served as its Treasurer. Bishop Lawrence was a cousin of Harvard President A. Lawrence Lowell. His daughter, Ruth, married Lansing P. Reed, Skull & Bones 1904. (Miss Ruth Lawrence Weds. New York Times, Jun. 4, 1911; Dr. Lawrence Dies; Bishop Emeritus. New York Times, Nov. 7, 1941.) Reed was a director of I.T. & T, which made "numerous payments" to Heinrich Himmler in the late 1930s. Bishop Lawrence, Maj. Henry Lee Higginson, and Prof. Eugen Kuehnemann, visiting professor from the University of Breslau, Germany, were special guests of the Harvard Cosmopolitan Club when it honored the German and Japanese ambassadors, Count von Bernstorff and Baron Takahira, by making them honorary members, "an honor which Pres. Elliot alone holds at present." Canon H. Hensley Henson of Westminster Abbey was also a guest, and E.F. Haenfstaengl '09 [Ernst F. Hanfstaengl, aka "Putzi", who later became Adolph Hitler's publicist], was a member of the undergraduate committee of the club. (Pres. Eliot Receives Honors From Mikado. Boston Daily Globe, May 12, 1909, p. 1.) While Bishop Emeritus, he was involved in an effort to slip a new common prayer book onto the Church of England. (Sees Prayer Book A Political Puzzle. New York Times, Jun. 20, 1928.) Another of the Bishop's daughters married Morton Lazell Fearey, Skull & Bones 1898. Her two brothers, William Appleton Lawrence and Frederic Lawrence of Boston, also became Bishops. (Mrs. Morton L. Fearey. New York Times, Apr. 26, 1962.)
Bishop Lawrence was the son of Amos Adams Lawrence (1814–1886), HC 1835, the founder of Lawrence University in Appleton, Wis., and grandson of Amos Lawrence. (Amos Adams Lawrence Papers. Massachusetts Historical Society, accessed 09-03-09). Amos A. Lawrence "was greatly interested in the claims of Eleazer Williams of Green Bay, Wisconsin, and through loans to this 'lost dauphin' came into possession of much land in Wisconsin." President Pierce was a nephew of his mother. He was treasurer of Harvard from 1857-1862, and an overseer from 1879-1885. (Online Encyclopedia, Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 305 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.) He was president of the New England Trust Company. (Corporation Notices. Boston Daily Advertiser, Apr. 6, 1871; Apr. 2, 1873.) Amos Adams Lawrence was the head of the firm of A.A. Lawrence & Co. (Obituary. New York Times, Aug. 24, 1886.) "The firm were the agents for the sale of the cloths manufactured by the Pacific Mills, the Cocheco Company and the Salmon Falls Company." [One of the incorporators of Pacific Mills was C.C. Little's grandfather.] (Amos Adams Lawrence. Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1907, p. 271.) Amos A. Lawrence was vice president of the Massachusetts General Hospital Corporation in 1885. (Local Matters. Fitchburg Sentinel, Feb. 6, 1885.) One of the members of A.A. Lawrence & Co. was William G. Lambert, the father of two members of Skull & Bones, who founded the New England Mutual Insurance Company and the Equitable Insurance Company of New York. William Lawrence's grandfather, Amos Lawrence, was a supporter of notorious anti-smoker Rev. George Trask.Amos Adams Lawrence Papers / Massachusetts Historical Society
Amos A. Lawrence's wife, Sarah E. Appleton, was a royal descendant of Louis VII, King of France. Her father, William Appleton, was President of the Massachusetts branch of the Bank of the United States and a U.S. Congressman. Her sister was Mrs. Thomas Jefferson Coolidge. (Americans of Royal Descent. By Charles Henry Browning, 1891, p.39.)Americans of Royal Descent, p. 39 / Google Books
Abbott Lawrence (1792-1855) was the seventh child of Samuel and Susanna Lawrence. He became an apprentice to his brother Amos in 1808, at age fifteen, and they became partners in 1814 as A. & A. Lawrence. He was sent to England in 1815 and visited Europe, "and was on the field of Waterloo the day following the battle." He married Katharine Bigelow, daughter of Timothy Bigelow, and sister of John P. Bigelow and Rev. Andrew Bigelow. In 1847, he gave $50,000 to Harvard to found the Lawrence Scientific School. He was appointed Minister to England in 1849. (Death of Abbott Lawrence. New York Times, Aug. 20, 1855.) He bequeathed $50,000 to the Lawrence Scientific School. (The Will of the Late Abbott Lawrence. New York Times, Aug. 28, 1855; the Bequests of Abbott Lawrence. New York Times, Sep. 15, 1855.)
Dr. Robert B. Greenough was born in Cambridge, Mass. He graduated from Harvard College in 1892 and Harvard Medical School in 1896. He was appointed Assistant Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School in 1909 and served until 1932. Since 1932, he was consulting surgeon at the Massachusetts General Hospital, and consulting surgeon and head of the Collis P. Huntington Memorial Hospital in Boston. He was a director of the American Society for the Control of Cancer since at least 1916, and was its president at his death. (Dr. R.B. Greenough, Surgeon, Dies At 65. New York Times, Feb. 17, 1937; Robert Battey Greenough 1871-1937. By Channing C. Simmons. Annals of Surgery 1938 Oct;108(4):798-800.) His daughters were great-nieces of Dr. Charles W. Eliot, President Emeritus of Harvard. One of the attendants at Ellen Greenough's wedding was Mary L. Deming [whose father, Nelson L. Deming, Berzelius 1890, was a founder of the American Heart Association in 1916]. (Ellen Greenough Weds H. Stires. New York Times, Jan. 20, 1924.) Dr. Frederick Fuller Russell of Boston replaced Greenough both as a member of the board of managers of Memorial Hospital for the Treatment of Cancer and Allied Diseases, and as president of the American Society for the Control of Cancer. (Gets Memorial Hospital Post. New York Times, Jun. 16, 1937.)Robert Battey Greenough / PubMed Central (pdf, 3 pp)
Dr. Robert Battey Greenough's father was Prof. Greenough of Harvard University. "James Bradstreet Greenough was born May 4, 1833, in Portland, Me., son of James and Catherine [Greenough] Greenough. His father having removed to Boston, he received his college preparatory training at the Boston Latin School. As weakness had affected his eyes, he was obliged for a time to refrain from further study, and upon leaving the Latin School, he became a clerk in a wholesale goods house in Boston. He did not find this occupation congenial, and having decided to enter college, he studied under a private tutor, James M. Chase (H.U. 1850), for three months, and entered Harvard in 1852... Upon graduation he entered the Cambridge Law School, and after staying there one term, removed to Marshall, Mich., where his father and brother had business interests, and entered the law office of Brown and Van Arman, and in due time was admitted to the Michigan bar. In October 1858, he succeeded Mr. Van Arman, and a new firm was formed under the style of Brown and Greenough. This firm was afterwards dissolved, and he continued alone in the practice of law until 1865." In that year, he accepted the position of tutor in Latin at Harvard. He was appointed assistant professor of Latin in 1873, and professor in 1883. In 1882, he was one of the directors of the society that established Radcliffe College. He first married Mary Battey Ketchum of Marshall, Mich., who died in 1893. James Jay Greenough (H.U. 1882) was born in 1861; and Robert Battey Greenough (H.U. 1892) was born in 1871. (Class of 1856. The Report of the Secretary, Harvard College, 1899.)The Report of the Secretary, 1899 / Google Books
His brother, James J. Greenough, married Katharine Nash, the daughter of George Washington Copp Noble. (Deaths. New York Times, May 8, 1957.) He was the headmaster of Greenough & Noble's School in Boston. (Yearbook and List of Active Members of the National Education Association, 1903, p. 153.) G.W.C. Noble was Principal Emeritus of the Noble and Greenough School, and the last surviving member of the Board of Overseers of Harvard College which approved the selection of Dr. Charles W. Eliot as President of the university in 1869. (G.W.C. Noble, Educator. New York Times, Jun. 8, 1919.) "Noble & Greenough, founded by George in 1866, catered to the Boston aristocracy. His wife Laura was the daughter of Francis Lister Hawks, writer, historian and long time Rector of the Episcopal Calvary Church in New York City." Their son, Francis Noble, enrolled at Harvard in 1884, where he met William Randolph Hearst, the business manager for the Harvard Lampoon. "Upon graduation in 1888, Noble received an urgent plea along with many Harvard Lampoon cronies, to join the staff of Hearst’s first Newspaper; The San Francisco Examiner. He rose to the position of Managing Editor of the paper that was known for exaggeration and sensationalistic headlines. Hearst acquired The New York Journal in 1895 and Francis Noble became the Journal’s Sunday Editor... The term Yellow Journalism was coined during a battle for subscriptions with Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World... Noble followed Hearst again to become the Sunday Editor of The Chicago American and later as the Sunday Editor for Hearst’s New York World. Moving back to Boston, Noble worked for The Boston Evening Transcript, Boston Herald and Boston Daily Globe. At the age of 46, Francis retired from the Newspaper business and came to live in Kennebunkport year-round." (A Noble Pursuit. By Sharon Cummins. Originally published in The Log, Kennebunkport Historical Society's quarterly publication.)A Noble Pursuit / MyKennebunks.com
The Overseers of Harvard University between 1900 and 1922 included Robert Swain Peabody (1888-1899 and 1907-1912; Robert Bacon 1889-1901 and 1902-1908; William Lawrence 1894-1906 and 1907-1912; Theodore Roosevelt 1895-1901 and 1910-1916; Charles Francis Adams [Jr.] 1895-1907; James Jackson Storrow 1897-1909; Francis Lee Higginson 1897-1909, 1910-1916, and 1916-1922; William Alexander Gaston 1907 to 1913; Jerome Davis Greene 1910-1913 and 1917-1923; Thomas William Lamont 1912-1918 and 1919-1925; Edgar Conway Felton 1914-1920 and 1921-1927; William Cameron Forbes 1914-1920; Robert Frederick Herrick 1915-1921; William Sydney Thayer 1915-1921; John Pierpont Morgan 1916-1922; Leonard Wood 1917-1923; Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1917-1923; and Ellery Sedgwick 1919-1925. (Overseers. Historical Register of Harvard University, 1636-1936. Harvard University, 1937.)Overseers, Historical Register of Harvard University / Harvard University
Conway Felton (1858-1937) was the son of Samuel Morse Felton
(1809-1889, H1834), whose brother, Cornelius Conway Felton (1807-1862,
H1827) was the president of Harvard from 1860 to 1862. He joined the
Pennsylvania Steel Company in 1880 and became president in 1896. After
retiring in 1916, he was elected to the board of the Pennsylvania
Railroad. He was a trustee of the Drexel Institute of Technology, a
manager of the Girard Trust Co., and a director of the Philadelphia
National Bank and the General Asphalt Co. (Edgar Felton, 79, Steel Man,
Dead. New York Times, Sep. 19, 1937.) His uncle, John Brooks Felton
(1827-1877) H1847, was a lawyer in San Francisco. He was Mayor of
Oakland and the first president of Toland Medical College (now UCSF).
"He is perhaps best remembered for his business, political, and social
relationship with bachelors Horace Carpentier, Michael Reese, James
Lick, and Samuel Merritt, men all known for 'eschewing the company of
women.'" (Lives of the Dead: Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland. By
Michael Colbruno. Jan. 26, 2013.)
His son, Cornelius Conway Felton (1893-1974) Harvard 1916, was in charge of sales for the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company until 1934, when he joined Revere Copper and Brass, where he was vice president and a director. (Cornelius C. Felton, Ex-Aide at Revere. New York Times, Aug. 23, 1974.) His first wife was Marie Agassiz, daughter of Rodolphe L. Agassiz, president of the Calumet and Hecla and several other mines in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. (Miss Marie Dallas Agassiz Weds Mr. C.C. Felton at Hamilton, Mass. Washington Post, Sep. 20, 1916; American Mining & Metallurgical Manual, 1920, p. 207.) Her uncle, George R. Agassiz, was an Overseer of Harvard from 1924 to 1930 and president in 1929 and 1931. She died in 1920, and he remarried to Hope Gaston, daughter of William A. Gaston (Harvard 1880), former president of the National Shawmut Bank, director of the Massachusetts National Bank, and an Overseer of Harvard, who died of cancer. (Col. Gaston Dies in His Summer Home. North Adams Transcript, Jul. 18, 1927; Col. W.A. Gaston of Boston Dead. New York Times, Jul. 18, 1927.) Mr. and Mrs. Felton were both active in fund raising for Memorial Sloan-Kettering in the 1950s and 60s.
Robert Frederick Herrick, Lawyer, Boston; partner of Fish, Richardson, Herrick & Neave; later Herrick, Smith, Donald & Farley. Robert Frederick Herrick graduated from Harvard in 1890, and Boston University Law School. He was a graduate member of the committee on athletics and coached the Harvard crews, and was chairman of the Graduate Rowing Committee since 1908. He was "a director of some forty of the largest industrial and financial corporations of New England, and but two or three financiers are connected with a larger number of institutions." He was a director of the Walter Baker & Company [with which his wife's cousin James H. Perkins was connected early in his career]; also of General Motors. (History of Worcester and Its People, Vol. 4. By Charles Nutt. Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1919.) In 1917, he was a director of the American International Corporation [which was a brainchild of James H. Perkins], and the New York Life Insurance Company; and a trustee of the Carnegie Foundation. (Chapter VIII, 120 Broadway, New York City. Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution, by Antony Sutton.) In 1919, he was president of the Reed-Prentice Company; and at some time was chief legal advisor for United Shoe Machinery Co ["The Shoe Trust," connected with First National Bank of Boston and Lee Higginson & Co.] (Gordon McKay (1821-1903. Prof. Victor Jones Homepage, Harvard University); and a director of City Trust Company, Boston. (The Tech. MIT, 1904?.) In 1929, he was a member of the Advisory Committee of Yale's Institute of Human Relations. His first wife was Alice Taft, who died. In 1922 he married Margaret Forbes Perkins Rice, a sister of Robert Forbes Perkins, and a daughter of Charles Elliott Perkins of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. (Robert F. Perkins, Retired Broker, 72. New York Times, Feb. 21, 1938; R.F. Herrick Dies; Boston Lawyer, 76. New York Times, Oct. 15, 1942.)History of Worcester and Its People / Welcome to Worcester County, Massachusetts
In 1931, Herrick presented a memorial to fellow attorney Frederick P. Fish, a crony of over 25 years. Fish had been an attorney for Thomson-Houston and General Electric, and was president of AT&T from 1901 to 1907. He was a partner of the architural firm Peabody & Stearns, with John G. Stearns, Harvard B.S. 1863.Memorial to Fish / Fish & Richardson PC
Robert Swain Peabody (1845-1917) was the son of Unitarian minister Ephraim Peabody. President Charles W. Eliot was his brother-in-law. His mother, Mary Jane Derby, was the daughter of John Derby and the granddaughter of Elias Hasket Derby of Salem, Mass. He graduated from Harvard in 1866, and studied in Europe until 1870. He was a member of the Corporation of Massachusetts Institute of Technology "for many years" as well. His first wife was Annie, daughter of John G. Putnam. (Robert Swain Peabody. Later years of the Saturday Club, 1870-1920. By Mark Antony De Wolfe Howe, p. 369; The Harvard Graduates' Magazine. By William Roscoe Thayer, 1918, p. 280.)Robert Swain Peabody / Later years of the Saturday Club / Google Books
His brother, Francis Greenwood Peabody, Harvard 1869, D.D. 1872, was a Unitarian minister and professor of theology from 1881-1912 (Dean of the Faculty of Divinity 1901-1906). "In his teaching, preaching and writing, he portrayed a religious tradition that stressed members as agents of social change, de-emphasizing personal salvation in favor of social action." He married Cora Weld in 1872. (Francis Greenwood Peabody (1847-1936). Harvard Divinity School at the Turn of the Last Century. Harvard University.) "Peabody was an early thinker of the Social Gospel movement and was convinced of the establishment of the kingdom of God on earth through the reform of society 'by changed men and women.' ... Peabody, along with his brother-in-law Charles Eliot, helped organize the Committee of Fifty in 1893 to examine physiological and sociological aspects of alcohol. Peabody was its secretary and editor of some of the committee's publications..." He was an Overseer from 1877 to 1882. (The progressive era's health reform movement: a historical dictionary. By Ruth C. Engs, 2003.) Cora Weld was the daughter of Francis Minot Weld, HC 1835, and Elizabeth Rodman. Dr. Francis Minot Weld of New York City was her first cousin. (The Seven Weld Brothers: 1800 to 2000. By Nicholas Benton, 2004, pp. 123 and 92, respectively; The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 41, 1887, p. 422.) Dr. Weld's son, Francis M. Weld. Jr, co-founded White, Weld & Company.New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1887 / Google Books
James J. Storrow graduated from Harvard in 1885, then Harvard Law School. For eleven years he was a member of Fish, Richardson & Storrow, which handled the legal work for Lee, Higginson & Co. In 1900, he joined Lee, Higginson. He was chairman of the Nash Motors Co. since 1916, and a director of the U.S. Smelting and Refining Co., U.S. Mining Co., William Underwood Co., and the Railway and Light Securities Co. He was chairmam of the executive committee of General Motors from 1910 to 1915. He married Helen Osborne, a sister of Thomas Mott Osborne of Auburn, N.Y. (James J. Storrow, Noted Banker, Dies. New York Times, Mar. 14, 1926; Storrow Left $16,250,000. New York Times, Apr. 7, 1926..) Mrs. Storrow was a member of the committee in charge of the anniversary celebration of Memorial Hospital. (Memorial Hospital to Mark 50th Year. New York Times, May 20, 1934.) Thomas M. Osborne married Agnes Devens (Weddings. Boston Daily Advertiser, Oct. 28, 1886); her great-nephew David W. Devens was later the Treasurer of Memorial.
His father, James Jackson Storrow, was born in Boston in 1837, the son of Charles Storer Storrow, the engineer who planned and built the industrial city of Lawrence, Mass., and Lydia Cabot (Jackson), daughter of Dr. James Jackson. He attended Phillips Academy, Andover, and graduated from Harvard in 1857. "Beginning in 1878 Storrow was associated with Chauncey Smith as counsel for the Bell Telephone Company and its successors in the great litigation in the federal courts over the validity of the Bell telephone patents, which comprehended some 600 cases and lasted to 1896... In 1895 Storrow took a purely personal interest in the Venezuela boundary question. In June his friend, Richard Olney, became secretary of state. Knowing the thoroughness with which Storrow studied any question, Olney suggested to Señor Don José Andrade, the Venezuelan minister at Washington, that Venezuela retain Storrow in addition to its official adviser, William L. Scruggs, to represent that goverment before the commission appointed by President Cleveland to determine the true boundary line." His first wife was Annie Maria Perry, a granddaughter of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry. They had two sons and a daughter. (James Jackson Storrow, 1837-1897. By William Chauncey Langdon. Dictionary of American Biography Base Set. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928-1936.) He was a director of the New England Trust Company between 1871 and 1896. (Corporation Notices. Boston Daily Advertiser, Apr. 6, 1871; May 9, 1896.)
Charles S. Storrow (1809-1904) gradusted from Harvard in 1829, and began as an engineer contructing the Boston & Lowell Railroad in 1832. He resigned in 1845 to become engineer, treasurer, and agent for the Essex Company, of which Abbott Lawrence was president, and built the planned city of Lawrence, Mass. His parents were Thomas Wentworth Storrow and Sarah Phipps Brown. He was born in Montreal, Canada, while his parents temporarily lived there. (Storrow, Charles Storer. Dictionary of American Biography Base Set. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928-1936.) In 1818, the Storrow family sailed to France, where his father established an import-export business in Paris. After attending French private schools for six years, Charles returned to the United States to attend the Round Hill School in Northampton, Mass., and Harvard College. He returned to Paris for the highly regarded engineering program at the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées, "In the 1820s and 1830s, the Storrow household in Paris was a stopping-off place for Boston merchants and their families on their European tours. In the early 1830s, William Lawrence, the son of Abbott Lawrence's brother Amos, also an industrialist, lived with the Storrows while he studied in the French capital; and in the Fall 1831, William Lawrence and Charles Storrow spent several weeks together traveling through Belgium, Holland, and Germany." Amos Lawrence helped finance his engineering education. "Storrow considered himself to be a close and astute observer of social change. As a twenty-one-year-old engineering student in Paris in 1830, he had witnessed the three-day July Revolution that overthrew King Charles X. Several times during that revolution and in the days that followed, he ventured into barricaded streets, each evening writing in his journal a detailed account of what he had seen as well as his own assessment of the revolutionary situation." At Lawrence, the company employed "carefully chaperoned boardinghouses, strict codes of behavior for mill girls, and company blacklisting practices" to control its operatives. ("Father of the whole enterprise" Charles S. Storrow and the Making of Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1845–1860. By Peter A. Ford. Massachusetts Historical Review 2000, Vol. 2.)"Father of the whole enterprise" / History Cooperative
Thomas Wentworth Storrow Sr. was born in London in 1779. He was a merchant in Boston and briefly in Montreal until 1816, when he and his family went to Paris, France. (The Wentworth Genealogy: English and American, Vol. 1. By John Wentworth, p. 513.) He was a business partner in Boston of John Clark Brown, with Edward Breck as the partner in England. (Advertisement. Boston Independent Chronicle, Sep. 9, 1802.) He married Sarah Phipps Brown in 1804. (Married. New England Palladium, Oct. 9, 1804.) He was Treasurer of the Boston Importing Company [a packet line operating between Boston and Liverpool]. (Notice. Columbian Sentinel, May 11, 1805.) Members of the company included Stephen Higginson, Benjamin Rich, Nathan Appleton, Joseph Sewell, Joseph Hurd Sr. and Jr., and John Ritchie. (Message From The President Of The United States to The Two Houses of Congress, 1835, p. RA4-PA68.) His address in Paris was in care of Messrs. Hottingeur & Co. (Adv. Boston Patriot, Feb. 1, 1819.) In 1828, the business failed and he left for England. (Extract of a Letter. Baltimore Patriot, Sep. 22, 1828.) He was secretary of the Boston and New York Coal Company at 4 Wall Street, New York. (Adv. Daily National Intelligencer, Apr. 5, 1839.) Thomas W. Storrow died in 1862. (Died. Boston Daily Advertiser, Jul. 1, 1862.)Wentworth Genealogy, p. 513 / Google Books
His brother, Col. Samuel A. Storrow (1787-1837), attended Harvard from 1804 to 1807 and was a judge advocate of the U.S. Army from 1816 to 1820. In 1817, he examined the Army posts on the frontier in Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana. (Storrow, Samuel Appleton. Dictionary of Wisconsin History, Wisconsin Historical Society.) He was a bearer of dispatches from Minister Crawford in Paris to the U.S government. (From France. National Advocate, May 2, 1815.) [William H. Crawford was a native of Virginia, who became Secretary of War that year.] He married Eliza Hill Carter, a relative of the Lee family. (Correspondence of Samuel Appleton Storrow (regarding "Light Horse Harry" Lee, Sep. 16, 1821. The Robert E. Lee Boyhood Home Virtual Museum; Genealogical and Historical Notes on Culpeper County, Virginia. By Raleigh Travers Green and Philip Slaughter, 1900.)Correspondence of Samuel Appleton Storrow / The Robert E. Lee Boyhood Home Virtual Museum
His sister, Louisa Storrow, was the second wife of Stephen Higginson (1770-1834), whose sister was Mrs. Samuel G. Perkins. Thomas Wentworth Higginson was a grandson of Thomas W. Storrow; his brother Waldo Higginson, HC 1833, was an overseer of Harvard from 1869 to 1873. (Descendants of the Reverend Francis Higginson. By Thomas Wentworth Higginson, 1910, p. 28.)Descendants of the Reverend Francis Higginson / Internet Archive
Canadian insurrectionist Thomas Storrow Brown was a nephew of Mrs. Thomas W. Storrow. Her mother was a cousin of John Wentworth, the last colonial governor of New Hampshire, later Sir John, Governor of Nova Scotia. (1837, My Connection With It. By Thomas Storrow Brown, 1898, p. 5; The Wentworth Genealogy, p. 512.) Brown and others were indicted for high treason, but the government filed a nolle prosequi in 1843. (Proscribed Canadian Traitors Pardoned. Barre Gazette, Sep. 8, 1843.)1837, My Connection With It, p. 5 / Google Books
Thomas Wentworth Storrow Jr. was born in Boston and educated in Paris, where he lived as a commission merchant. He married Sarah Paris, a niece of Washington Irving. His sister, Susan Storrow, married Irving's nephew, Henry Van Wart. (The Wentworth Genealogy.) He died in Irvington, N.Y. (Died. Boston Daily Advertiser, Sep. 28, 1861.) His youngest daughter married Van Rensselaer Cruger, and Mrs. Storrow died at the Cruger home in Bayville, Long Island. (Died. New York Times, Aug. 9, 1885.) Another daughter, Katherine Paris Storrow, married Francis McNeil Bacon.
Storrow Sr.'s father was Capt. Thomas Storrow of the British Army, who married his mother, Ann Appleton, while he was a paroled prisoner of war during the revolution. They went to England, the West Indies, and England again until peace in 1783. "In 1784 they emigrated to Halifax with the family of Gillam Butler, who married her mother's sister Rebecca Wentworth. They afterwards went to Jamaica." (Wentworth Genealogy.) Thomas Storrow Esq. from the island of Jamaica, died in Boston in 1794, aged 39. (Died. Boston Times, Oct. 9, 1794.) Charles Storer was the executor of the estate of Ann Storrow of Hingham. (Massachusetts Mercury, Sep. 27, 1796.)
Ann Appleton's ancestors included Samuel Appleton and Judith Everard, Royal descendants of Henry I, King of England (d. 1135) and Robert I, King of France (d. 923), respectively. Their Brahmin descendants included Percival Lowell, ancestor of all the Boston Lowells. (#64 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: Notable Descendants of Samuel and Judith (Everard) Appleton, (both RD). By Gary Boyd Roberts. New England Historic Genealogical Society.)Notable Descendants of Samuel and Judith (Everard) Appleton / New England Ancestors
William Sidney Thayer, M.D., was born in Milton, Mass., in 1864 and graduated from Harvard College in 1885, and Harvard Medical School in 1889. "He came to Baltimore in 1891 to become second assistant to Sir William Osler, first professor of medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and from 1891 to 1898 was his chief assistant. Later he succeeded Dr. Osler as physician-in-chief to the Johns Hopkins Hospital." Mrs. John W. Ames of Cambridge was his sister. (Dr. Wm. Thayer Dies, Aged 68. AP. Hagerstown Daily Mail, Dec. 12, 1932.) He was a co-founder of the American Heart Association in 1924. William S. Thayer of Johns Hopkins University was a member of the American Red Cross Mission to Russia. (Berkman Held Up to Russians As Martyr. Lowell Sun, Jan. 4, 1918.) He was a correspondent of William H. Welch, Skull &Bones 1870, between 1919 and 1931. (Welch Papers Series I, S-Z.) He was one of the physicians of former Pres. William H. Taft, S&B 1878, and was consulted during Taft's final illness. (Physicians Doubt Taft Will Recover. AP. Ironwood Daily Globe, Feb.4, 1930.)Welch papers Series I, S-Z / Johns Hopkins Medical Institute
His father was James Bradley Thayer, Harvard 1852. (Victim of Heart Failure. AP. Lowell Sun, Feb. 15 1902; Thayer, James Bradley, 1831-1902. Papers, 1787-1902: Finding Aid.) His grandfather was Unitarian Rev. Samuel Ripley, 1783-1847.) [James Bradley Thayer was a professor at Harvard Law School from 1873 to 1902; his son, Ezra Ripley Thayer, was a professor and dean from 1910 to 1915; his grandson, James Bradley Thayer, was a professor from 1935 to 1945; and his granddaughter, Polly Thayer Starr, funded a chair in her father's name.] Ezra Ripley Thayer married Ethel Randolph Clark, daughter of Mrs. Randolph M. Clark. (Married. Boston Daily Advertiser, Jun. 27, 1898.) Mrs. Thayer was the grandniece of George C. Clark, the first president of the American Society for the Control of Cancer.Thayer, James Bradley, Papers / Harvard University
In 1922, the Office of Cancer Investigations of the US Public Health Service at Harvard University (which was subsequently merged into the National Cancer Institute), was established at Harvard by Assistant Surgeon General Joseph W. Schereschewsky. Schereschewsky had been director general of the 50th Session of the International Congress of Hygiene and Demography, which was held at the Red Cross Hall in Washington, DC, of which William H. Taft, Skull & Bones 1878, was the honorary president. (Health Exhibit Opens. Washington Post, Sep. 17, 1912.) Schereschewsky was the son of Rt. Rev. Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky, who was the Protestant Episcopal Bishop of China from 1875 to 1888. He was "instrumental in persuading the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service that cancer was a public health problem," and the Office of Cancer Investigations was established in the department of Dr. Milton J. Rosenau, Professor of Preventative Medicine. When Rosenau retired in 1930, Howard B. Andervont became the first professional staff member of Schereschewsky's Office of Cancer Investigations. (Howard B. Andervont: An Appreciation. By Michael Shimkin. J Natl Cancer Inst 1968 Jun;40(6):XIII-XXV.) The Surgeon General in 1922 was Hugh S. Cumming, later a member of the advisory committee of the Yale Institute of Human Relations. Edwin B. Wilsonwas another member of this Harvard group, who became an original member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Tobacco Industry Research Council from 1954 to 1964, when Andervont replaced him. Andervont in addition was Chief of the Laboratory of Biology at the National Cancer Institute from 1947-60, and Scientific Editor of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute from 1961-67.
Original members of the National Advisory Cancer Council of the National Cancer Institute, appointed by Surgeon General Thomas Parran in 1937: James Ewing, Director of Memorial Hospital; Dr. Francis C. Wood, Director of the Crocker Institute of Cancer Research at Columbia University; Harvard University President James B. Conant; Dr. Arthur H. Compton of the University of Chicago; C.C. Little, Managing Director of the American Society for the Control of Cancer; and Dr. Ludvig Hektoen of Chicago. In 1938, Dr. James B. Murphy of the Rockefeller Institute and Dr. Mont R. Reid replaced Ewing and Wood. (Named to Cancer Council. New York Times, Dec. 11, 1938, p. 30.) Ewing, Hektoen, Little, Murphy, Parran, and Wood were all affiliated with the ASCC.
When Conant was U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, his special legal advisor from 1954-55 was Charles Dewey Hilles Jr., Skull & Bones 1924. Hilles was an officer of the American Cancer Society and its predecessor, the ASCC, from 1939 to 1959, and an officer of I.T.&T. from 1941 to 1969. (New Yorker Sworn In As Conant Legal Aide. New York Times, Apr. 21, 1954.)
"Power at Harvard University is spread out, with ultimate authority resting in a 331-year-old institution known as the Board of Overseers. The Board consists of 30 persons elected to six-year terms by a mail ballot of Harvard's 150,000 alumni... However, most major policy decisions at the university are made by the Corporation. The Corporation is a smaller board made up of the president of the university, the treasurer and five Fellows. The seven, who elect their own successors, routinely see the policy decisions they make approved by the Board of Overseers. The Corporation is a tightly-knit group, most of whose members serve at least until they are 70 years old." Nathan M. Pusey was president; George F. Bennett was treasurer, and the Fellows were Francis H. Burr, lawyer; Boston; Hugh Calkins, lawyer, Cleveland; Richmond K. Kane, lawyer, New York; William L. Marbury, lawyer, Baltimore; and Albert L. Nickerson, chairman of "an oil company," New York. (Overseers Have Final Authority. New York Times, Apr. 12, 1969.)
Burr graduated from Harvard in 1935 and Harvard Law School in 1938, and joined Ropes, Gray, Best, Coolidge and Rugg the same year. He was a fellow of the Harvard Corporation from 1954 to 1982, and senior fellow since 1971. He was a trustee of Massachusetts General Hospital from 1962 to 1987, and chairman of its board of trustees from 1982. He was a director of Corning, Raytheon (1977-97), and American Airlines, and various other companies. (Prominent figure in health care Francis H. Burr, 90. Harvard Gazette, Dec. 2, 2004; Francis 'Hooks' Burr; helped shape future of MGH, Harvard. Boston Globe, Nov. 30, 2004.) His father was Isaac Tucker Burr 3d (1885-), and his mother, Evelyn Thayer, was a niece of Nathaniel Thayer, of the family of big donors to Harvard. (Burr-Thayer. New York Sun, Oct. 5, 1913.) His great-uncle, investment broker Allston Burr (1866-1945, Harvard 1889) left most of his estimated $2.5 million estate to Harvard. (Harvard University Gets Bulk of Estate. North Adams Transcript, Feb. 1, 1949.) Francis H. Burr's first wife, Nancy Campbell Blagden, was the granddaughter of Samuel Phillips Blagden, who married the sister of the first president of the American Society for the Control of Cancer. And her great-grandfather, Rev. George W. Blagden, had been an Overseer of Harvard despite graduating from Yale. After she died, he married Lucy Truman Aldrich, whose first husband was the treasurer of Memorial Sloan-Kettering, David W. Devens.
Francis H. Burr's ancestors (Isaac Tucker Burr, et al.) and Albert L. Nickerson's ancestors (Albert Winslow Nickerson, et al.) were cronies on the boards of directors of the same three railroad companies: Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, Atlantic & Pacific, and Mexican Central (Tracing Railroad Directors, 1872-1894. A Look at Insider Trading Among the Founding Members of the American Loan and Trust. K. Hanson, E. Brodman, S. Chan and R. White.) The Burrs and Nickersons were directors and officers of Arlington Mills as well. (Annual Meetings. Boston Post, Jan. 29, 1880.)Tracing Railroad Directors / Stanford University