These are excerpts from the official history on the RAND website. "The story of RAND's diversification beyond military research into social welfare research during the 1960s illustrates the little-known linkages between defense and domestic policymaking in cold war America. RAND was formed at the conclusion of World War II as a means by which America's finest intellectual talent could be harnessed to national security research and policymaking in peacetime. Under a cloak of secrecy, the corporation hosted remarkable advances in such diverse fields as computer and software design, applied mathematics, space systems, and, especially, social sciences methodologies such as systems analysis. Yet, on July 14, 1966, RAND's board of trustees decided to terminate the exclusive focus on military research and diversify into social welfare research. RAND quickly secured support from a wide range of public and private institutions, and by 1972 its research and methods had become central to many new social welfare initiatives. This meant that, ironically, the sophisticated methodologies developed at RAND to contemplate nuclear war became some of the fundamental weapons against social injustice."
The Manning study was evidently intended as a backup plan to shore
up the anti-smokers' claim that smoking is an economic burden to
society, in case the OTA's flagrant disregard of nonsmokers' old age
costs and other financial deceits became too well-known. (Thanks to
their media accomplices, this hasn't happend.) Manning introduced the
subterfuge of "discounting" nonsmokers' old age costs to reduce them,
while disregarding the present savings due to past smoking. Before the
results were fudged by discounting, the study found that smoking
created net savings of 91 cents per pack. This was inflated to a net
external "cost" of 26 cents per pack after discounting nonsmokers'
costs. (WG Manning, EB Keeler, JP Newhouse, EM Sloss, J Wasserman. The
taxes of sin. Do smokers and drinkers pay their way? JAMA 1989 Mar
17;261(11):1604-1609.) Economist Joseph P. Newhouse spent the first
twenty years of his career at RAND, 1968-1988, where he designed
and directed the the RAND Health Insurance Experiment, which received
$82 million from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Research!America board member former Rep. John Edward Porter was appointed a RAND trustee in March 2001 (Entering New Era, RAND Corporation Names New Board Members and Elects New Board Chairman. Santa Monica Mirror, Sep. 12-18, 2001).RAND Corporation, 2001 / Santa Monica Mirror
Bing was executive director of the National Advisory Commission on Health Manpower during the Johnson Administration. J. Irwin Miller, chairman of the board of Cummins Engine Company, was its chairman. The Commission was established by Executive Order 11279 of May 7, 1966. (Remarks to the Press on Making Public the Report of the National Advisory Commission on Health Manpower, Nov. 20, 1967.)Johnson Remarks, Nov. 20, 1967 / The American Presidency Project, U. Calif. - Santa Barbara
In 1982, Bing donated 2000 shares of Baxter Travenol Laboratories to the University of Nevada School of Medicine, which were sold for $110,250. In 1983, he was a member of the Medical School's Advisory Board and the Investment Committee of the Board of Regents.Board of Regents Meeting, Sep. 17-18, 1982 / University of Nevada
Bing was a RAND trustee from 1988-1998 and 1999-2002. He administers his mother's Anna H. Bing Living Trust, whose money comes from the fortune of New York real estate developer Leo Bing (Death Gold - Wealthy Benefactors Pour Money Into Planned Parenthood - Los Angeles. By Bob McPhail. Los Angeles Lay Catholic Mission, 2000.)McPhail / Los Angeles Lay Catholic Mission
He has also funded the Bing Nursery School, a psychology lab at Stanford University, where he is a trustee. Fellow trustees include Walter B. Hewlett, Charles R. Schwab, and Mary B. Cranston.Board of Trustees / Standford University
Bing is the father of playboy movie producer Stephen Bing, who donated $800,000 to the campaign against repealing the state of California's 50 cent per pack cigarette tax, which funds anti-smoking hate propaganda.
Harold Brown was a trustee of RAND from 1982-1992 and 1993-2000, as well as a director of Philip Morris from 1983 to the present.
Buchsbaum was a RAND trustee from 1982-1992. In 1973, he was Executive Director, Research Communications Sciences Division, of Bell Telephone Laboratories. And, he was a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee in 1972, along with Lee A. DuBridge (RAND trustee 1948-1961), James B. Wyngaarden, and Bell Labs crony Edward E. David, its chairman.President's Science Advisory Committee, 1972 / tobacco document
Carlucci was Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity from 1969 to 1970; Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget from 1970 to 1972; Under Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, 1973-1975; Ambassador to Portugal, 1975 to 1978; Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, 1978-1980; Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1980-1982; Secretary of Defense, 1987-1989; and Chairman (now Emeritus) and partner of The Carlyle Group, a merchant bank, 1989-2003. He was a foreign service officer from 1956 to 1980. (Texas Biotechnology Corporation 2003 director bio.) He was President and Chief Operating Officer from 1983, then Chairman and CEO of Sears World Trade Inc. from 1984 to 1986. (Neurogen 2003 director bio.)The Frank C. Carlucci Page
Collins was a RAND trustee from 1979 to 1989.
Cooley was a RAND trustee from 1971-1981 and 1982-1992. He joined the Wells Fargo Bank in 1949, became President and CEO in 1966, and retired in 1982. He was born in Texas but lived in Rye, NY for 15 years in his youth. He said he went to Yale because "the university took me and I guess 50% of the eligible college boys there went to Yale." He lost his right arm as a pilot during World War II. (Personality: Young (42) Bank Official. By Lawrence E. Davies. New York Times, May 29, 1966.) Daniel E. Koshland, Chairman of the Executive Committee, Levi Strauss & Co., was an advisory director of the Wells Fargo Bank between 1967 and 1970. Ernest C. Arbuckle, Dean of the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University and a former executive of W.R. Grace & Co. and Standard Oil of California, was elected a director of the bank, and became chairman the next year. (Stanford Dean Named by Wells Fargo Bank. New York Times, Oct. 13, 1967; Stanford Dean New Chairman of California Bank. By Lawrence E. Davies. New York Times, Jun. 14, 1968.) Wells Fargo donated $1.2 million in Proposition 13 property tax savings to public television stations in California (KCET - Los Angeles, $200,000; KQED - San Francisco, $135,000, and others in San Diego, Huntington Beach, Sacramento, Redding, Fresno, San Bernardino and San Jose.) This was in addition to the bank's usual annual donations of around $1 to 1.2 million, mainly to the United Way. (Bank to Donate Prop. 13 Tax Savings to Charity. By Frank del Olmo. Los Angeles Times, Dec. 8, 1978.) Bank employee(s) funneled $21.3 million into the account of Muhammed Ali Professional Sports Inc. (Wells Fargo's Version of Embezzlement May Be Flawed. By Robert Welkos and Robert Magnuson. Los Angeles Times, Mar. 5, 1981; Former Bank Aide Admits Role in Embezzlement Plot. By Robert Magnuson. Los Angeles Times, Aug. 11, 1981.) Cooley abruptly resigned in late December 1982, then joined the Seafirst Corp. as Chairman and CEO in 1983. He retired in 1990 but continued as chairman of its executive committee until 1994. He is an emeritus trustee of Caltech, along with Harold Brown; J&J director Philip M. Hawley; and former AHF trustee Ralph Landau. He was a director of PACCAR (which manufactures Peterbilt trucks) from 1991 until April 29, 1996. Fellow RAND trustee Harold J. Haynes was a director of PACCAR from 1981 to 1998.PACCAR 1996 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Cooley was a director of United Airlines Inc. since at least 1983
until 1993. Walter A. Haas
Jr., Chairman of the Board of Levi Strauss
& Co., and Andrew F. Brimmer,
a trustee of the Salk Institute circa
1971, were fellow directors. Directors in 1989: Charles F. Luce, former
chairman of Consolidated Edison Company and special counsel to the
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company; former astronaut Neil A. Armstrong
(who in 1987 was head of the board committee that chose Stephen M. Wolf, later a director
of Philip Morris), as chairman and CEO of United; Stephen M. Wolf; John
C. Pope, chief financial officer, UAL; Andrew F. Brimmer; E. Mandell de
Windt, retired chairman and chief executive of the Eaton Corporation,
Cleveland; William M. Jenkins, retired chairman of the Seafirst
Corporation and Seattle-First National Bank; former Commerce Secretary
Juanita Kreps, professor at Duke University; Fujio Matsuda, Executive
director, The Research Corporation, University of Hawaii; John F.
McGillicuddy, Chairman and CEO of Manufacturers Hanover Corporation and
the Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company; Harry Mullikin, chairman and
chief executive of the Westin Hotel Corporation; James J. O'Connor,
chairman and chief executive of Commonwealth Edison, Chicago;
Frank A. Olson, former chief executive of UAL, Chairman and CEO of the
Hertz Corporation; Nicholas R. Petry, the Petry Company, Denver; Ralph
Strangls, partner, Kaplan, Strangls & Kaplan, Minneapolis. The
directors retained the First Boston Corporation and the law firm of
Davis, Polk & Wardwell to advise them. (Davis Asks For Help in UAL
Bid. By Floyd Norris. New York Times, Sep. 5, 1989.)
Friedlaender was a RAND trustee from 1988 to 1992. She co-authored an article, "Market Structure and Multiproduct Industries" (Journal of Economic Literature 1982 Sep;10(3):1024-1048), with Elizabeth E. Bailey, a director of Philip Morris since 1989.
Gaither was a RAND trustee from 1984-1994 and 1995-2000. In the 1960s, he clerked for US Chief Justice Earl Warren and was a Special Assistant in the Justice Department. He was involved in the Warren Commission report on the assassination of President Kennedy.Appendix 4, Warren Commission / National Archives
"GAITHER, JAMES C. Staff Assistant. Worked on the domestic staff under Joseph Califano, with responsibilities for legislative program development and coordination of task forces. Included are files of Stephen J. Pollak, Advisor for National Capital Affairs, 1967-1968. 1964-1969." (Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Papers, LBJ Library.)Presidential Papers / LBJ Library
Gaither joined the law firm of Cooley Godward in 1969, became a partner in 1971 and a managing partner from 1984 to 1990. Arthur Cooley was one of its founders. The firm's history notes Rowan Gaither and Ed Huddleston as past members; H. Rowan Gaither Jr. was a founder of RAND in 1948 and a trustee until 1961, and Edwin E. Huddleston Jr. was a trustee from 1955 to 1984. H. Rowen Gaither Jr. was also a trustee of the Ford Foundation from 1953 to 1961. Cooley Godward boasts of being the #1 law firm representing life science companies in public offerings in 2000-2002.History / Cooley Godward LLP
Christopher Westover of Cooley, Godward et al. was the attorney for the Golden State Warriors in their advertising agreement with RJ Reynolds Tobacco, Aug. 3, 1987.Agreement, 1987 / tobacco document
The Institute for Evaluating Health Risks was set up in the offices
of Cooley Godward in January 1989 to contract with the California
Department of Health Services for risk assessments, with Michael
Tarynor of Cooley Godward as its Acting Secretary. Charles W. Powers of
the Health Effects Institute was named Acting Executive Director, Chief
Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer. The seven board members
included William F. Ballhaus, former president of Beckman Instruments;
UC-Davis Chancellor Theodore L. Huller; Stanford University President
Donald Kennedy; Melvin Lane, Chairman of Sunset Publications;
Hewlett-Packard Chairman David Packard; and UC-Riverside Chancellor
Rosemary Schraer. (What Is IEHR? From the offices of Cooley Godward
Castro Huddleston & Tatum, Jan. 1989.) And, Carol J. Henry of the
International Life Sciences Institute wished John A. Moore (who later
founded CRESP) "good luck" in his
new position, Aug. 1, 1989.
Gaither has been a director of the anti-smoking Levi Strauss & Co. since 1988. Lasker Foundation director Daniel E. Koshland Jr.'s father was a Levi Strauss executive, and James M. Koshland was a director of Levi Strauss from 1985 to at least 1996. A Levi Strauss director since 1991, Patricia Salas Pineda, has been a trustee of RAND since approximately 1994.Levi Strauss 2003 S-4/A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Gaither was President of the Board of Trustees of Stanford
University when Donald Kennedy wrote to Philip Morris Chairman and CEO
Michael A. Miles on behalf of
the Stanford Board of Trustees' Special
Committee on Investment Responsibility "to convey the University's
concern about the health hazards of smoking tobacco and about specific
marketing techniques used by tobacco companies." (Kennedy to Miles,
March 19, 1992.) The chief executive of the Stanford Management
Company, Laurance R.
Hoagland, a former vice president of Cummins Engine Co., was also
manager of the assets of the Presbyterian Church.
Gaither has been a director of Siebel Systems since 1994. Fellow directors include Eric E. Schmidt, an alumnus of Bell Laboratories who left Novell to become President and CEO of Google Inc. in 2001; Charles R. Schwab, Chairman and co-CEO of the namesake brokerage firm; former Montana Governor and Republican National Committee Chairman Marc F. Racicot; and co-founder Patricia A. House, a possible relative of current RAND trustee Karen Elliot House, publisher of The Wall Street Journal and Senior Vice President of Dow Jones and Co., Inc.Siebel Systems 2003 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Gaither was a director of Amylin from 1995 until 2000. "He has been a partner of the law firm Cooley Godward LLP ("Cooley Godward") since 1971 where he also served as managing partner from 1984 to 1990. Prior to joining Cooley Godward in 1969, Mr. Gaither served as Staff Assistant to the President of the United States from July 1966 to January 1969. He is a director of Basic American, Inc., Levi Strauss & Co., NVIDIA Corporation and Siebel Systems, Inc., and serves on the executive committee of the Board of Visitors at Stanford Law School. He previously served as President of the Board of Trustees of Stanford University and as Chairman of its Investment Committee. He is a trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the James Irvine Foundation, RAND, and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation." Fellow RAND Trustee Donald Rumsfeld was a director of Amylin from 1991 to 1996 and 1999 to 2001.Amylin 1999 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Gaither was a director of Blue Martini Software Inc. from 1998 until Sep. 2001. He resigned after litigation alleging price manipulation of its stock.Blue Martini Software 2001 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
"Jim Gaither joined Sutter Hill Ventures in 2000 after working with Sutter Hill for many years as advisor, lawyer, Special Lmited Partner and fellow director of portfolio companies.... He currently serves as Chairman of the Board of the James Irvine Foundation and as a director of The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation." (James C. Gaither bio, Sutter Hill Ventures.) Managing director William H. Younger Jr. worked at Cummins Engines before joining Sutter Hill in 1981.Gaither bio / Sutter Hill Ventures
A 2000 bio for the UC-Berkeley Business Plan Competition notes that Gaither served on the boards of the Rosenberg Foundation and the Evelyn and Walter Haas Jr. Fund.Business Plan Competition / Quimbik.com
"James C. Gaither To Chair Carnegie Endowment Board. Sutter Hill Ventures Managing Director Replaces SEC Chairman William H. Donaldson." (Carnegie Endowment News Release, March 26, 2003.) "Gaither served on the Carnegie Endowment board from 1981 to 1999 and was vice chairman from 1990 to 1999... William H. Donaldson joined the Carnegie Endowment board in 1988 and was elected chairman in 1999." It also notes that Gaither was special assistant to John W. Douglas, assistant attorney general, civil division, at the US Department of Justice. It did not note that Donaldson was a director of Philip Morris from 1979 to 1999.News Release, March 26, 2003 / Carnegie Endowment
Haynes was a trustee of RAND in 1988-1989. He was President from 1969 to 1974, and chairman, CEO, and a director of Standard Oil of California (now Chevron) from 1974 to 1981. He was a senior counselor to the Bechtel Group since 1981, and was a director of Boeing and Citicorp in 1996. He was a director of PACCAR, which manufactures Peterbilt trucks, from 1981 to April 27, 1998. Fellow RAND trustee Richard P. Cooley was a director of PACCAR from 1991 to 1996.PACCAR 1998 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Haynes was a director of Boeing from 1974 to 1982 and from 1984 until 1998. Charles M. Piggott, the former president, chairman and CEO of PACCAR, was a director of Boeing since 1972; a fellow director of Hewlett-Packard, John B. Fery, was a director of Boeing since 1978; Chevron director George H. Weyerhaeuser has been a Boeing director since 1962, and Haynes' successor as President of Chevron, George M. Keller, joined the Boeing board in 1983. In 1990, Donald E. Petersen, who banned smoking at Ford Motor Co. as its CEO, joined the board. In 1992, Rozanne Ridgway, who was a member of the new board of directors of RJR-Nabisco after its takeover by KKR, was added.Boeing 1997 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Stanley M. Little, Vice President of Industrial and Public Relations of the Boeing Company, participated in Work Group 4, "Smoking Control in the Workplace," of the National Conference on Smoking OR Health, Developing a Blueprint for Action, Nov. 18-20, 1981. Other participants included Group Leader Robert Beck, Director of Personnel Benefits and Services of IBM Corp.; Lloyd C. Arnold, director of the Johnson & Johnson Company's Live for Life; Gilbert H. Collings Jr. and Loring Wood of the New York Telephone Company; Irvine H. Dearnley and Christopher C. York, Vice Presidents of Citibank; Willis Goldbeck, Ann Kiefhaber, and Leon J. Warshaw of the Washington Business Group on Health; Marvin M. Kristein of the American Health Foundation; Rebecca S. Parkinson of AT&T; and A. Judson Wells, Special Assistant of the American Lung Association and later ghost author (concealed behind illegal pass-through contracts) of the EPA ETS report.Work Group 4, National Conference on Smoking OR Health, 1981 / tobacco document
Little was on the Senior Council of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Fiscal Year 2002, along with Gilbert S. Omenn. In 1997, former American Health Foundation Trustee Ret. Adm. Elmo R. Zumwalt was on the Senior Coucil with Little.Senior Council / Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Haynes was a director of Hewlett-Packard from 1981 to 1995. In 1995, he was also a director of Boeing, the Bechtel Group, Citibank, Citicorp, Fremont Group, and Saudi Arabian Oil Company. Paul F. Miller, who has been a director of Rohm & Haas since 1969, has been a director of HP since 1984.Hewlett-Packard 1995 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
In 1988, other directors of the Hewlett-Packard Co. included Robert Glaser, MD Director of Medical Science, now a director of the Lasker Foundation; and Antonie T. Knoppers, who was a trustee of the Salk Institute circa 1971.Hewlett-Packard directors, 1988 / tobacco document
Humann was a RAND trustee from 1979-1989 and 1990-2000. He is probably "Walt Humann, the retired chairman of the executive committee for Hunt Consolidated Inc. [Hunt Oil] and president of a real estate partnership that includes the Ray Hunt family [Bonn Terre-B]." He promotes the cause of regional transit in Dallas, Texas.
Massey was a RAND trustee from 1983-1991 and 1993. He was vice president for research at the University of Chicago and director of the Argonne National Laboratory; director of the National Science Foundation under President GHW Bush, and is currently the president of Morehouse College.Massey bio / Morehouse College
Massey was a director of BP (BP Amoco) from 1983 to 1991 and again since 1993.BP Amoco 2003 Form 20-F / Securities and Exchange Commission
Massey was a director of Motorola from 1984 to 1991 and from 1993 to the present. Fellow directors have included David Clare (1986-1996), former president of Johnson & Johnson and trustee emeritus of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; Eric Bloch of the Washington Advisory Group; and Wallace C. Doud, retired Vice President of IBM, who was active in the American Cancer Society.Motorola 1994 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Massey was the retiring President and Chairman of Science in 1989. Other directors included William T. Golden, also its Treasurer; and Beatrix A. Hamburg. Members of the Editorial Board included Elizabeth E. Bailey, a director of Philip Morris; David Baltimore, who was involved in the American Cancer Society's National Commission on Smoking and Public Policy; Philip E. Converse, Director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences from 1989-94; and James D. Watson, of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Lasker Foundation director Daniel E. Koshland Jr. was the Editor. (Science 1989 June 16;244(1440):1229.)Science, June 16, 1989 / tobacco document
Massey has been a director of BankAmerica since 1993. Fellow directors have included Andrew F. Brimmer, a trustee of the Salk Institute circa 1971; and Johnson & Johnson director Philip M. Hawley.BankAmerica 1995 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Massey has been a director of McDonald's Corporation since 1998. McDonald's is a target of health fascist litigation.The Fast Food Lawsuits
May was a RAND trustee from 1972-1982, and 1983-1993. He was director of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory from 1965 to 1971.May bio / Stanford University
Michelson was a RAND trustee from 1984-1994 and 1995-1998. She was Senior Vice President for External Affairs at RH Macy & Co. until 1992, and Senior Advisor and member of the board until it merged with Federated Department Stores in 1994. She was on the Board of Directors of the Markle Foundation from 1973-1988 and 1989-1997. Fellow RAND trustee Lloyd Morrisett is the retired president of the Markle Foundation.Michelson bio / Markle Foundation
Gertrude G. Michelson was a director of Quaker Oats from 1971 to 1994. Fellow RAND trustee Frank C. Carlucci was a director from 1983-87 and 1989-2001. Vernon Loucks, the Chairman and CEO of Baxter International, was a director from 1981 to 2000; and Silas S. Cathcart, retired chairman of Kidder Peabody, director of Baxter, Illinois Tool Works, and General Electric, was a director from 1964-87 and from 1989-97.Quaker Oats 1994 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Michelson was a director of the Chubb Corporation from 1974 until 1998. Fellow directors included Sheila P. Burke, a member of the Commission on Women's Health of the Commonwealth Fund; former US Sen. Warren B. Rudman; Sir David G. Scholey, the former Executive Chairman of SG Warburg Group and a Governor of the British Broadcasting Corporation; and former Ambassador Raymond Seitz, who is also a director of General Electric plc.Chubb Corporation 1997 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Michelson was a director of General Electric from 1976 to 2002. Fellow directors have included Silas S. Cathcart; former US Senator Sam Nunn; Philip Morris director Roger Penske; Washington Advisory Group principal Frank H.T. Rhodes; and Douglas A. Warner III, President and director of JP Morgan Inc, member of the Board of Overseers of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and trustee of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.GE 2001 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Michelson was a director of The Stanley Works from 1979 to 1996. Fellow directors inckuded Walter J. McNerney, former presidentand CEO of Blue Cross Blue Shield Associations, the national coordinating agency.The Stanley Works 1995 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Michelson was a director of hte Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company from 1984 to 1996.Goodyear 1995 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Michelson was a director of Macy's since 1986 and of Federated Department Stores from their merger until 1996. Fellow directors included Laurence A. Tisch of Loews Corp., who was also a director of Macy's since 1986.Federated Department Stores 1995 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Minow was a RAND trustee from 1965-1975, 1976-1986, and 1987-1997. He has close ties to Mary Lasker and the McCormick Blair bunch, and stacked the FCC to force networks to air anti-smoking propaganda.The Newton Minow Page
In the late 1960s, as Vice President of the Carnegie Corporation, Morrisett established and funded the Children's Television Workshop with Joan Ganz Cooney, and was Chairman of its Board of Directors. He has been a RAND trustee since at least 1989. He is the retired president of the Markle Foundation, of which former RAND trustee G.G. Michelson is a longtime and current director.
J. Richard Munro was a RAND trustee from 1984 to 1994. He joined Time Inc. in 1957, became a director in 1978, was its chairman and CEO between 1980 and 1989, and chairman of the executive committee from 1990 to 1996.
O'Neill has been a RAND trustee since at least 1989. He was a computer systems analyst at the Veterans Administration from 1961 to 1966; the US Office of Management and Budget between 1967 and 1977, as its deputy director from 1974. From 1977 to 1985 he was Vice President for Planning at International Paper Company, and Chairman and CEO of Alcoa from 1987 to 1989, retiring as chairman in 2000. In 2001 he became the Secretary of the Treasury, until Dec. 31, 2002.O'Neill bio / US Treasury
O'Neill joined the board of directors of General Motors in 1993.
John S. Reed has been a RAND trustee since at least 1989. He was the chairman of Citigroup and a director of Philip Morris.
Rice was the President and CEO of the RAND Corporation in 1989, and is currently a trustee. He is the chairman, president, and CEO of Agensys Inc.
Former Rep. Paul G. Rogers (D-FL) was a RAND trustee from 1979-1989.
Donald H. Rumsfeld was a Trustee of the Rand Corporation from 1977-1987, 1988-1998, and 1999-2001. He is one of Mary Lasker's cronies from the William Blair & Company cabal.
Seldion was a RAND trustee from 1975-1985 and 1986-1993. He was Chairman of the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, where he is now Chairman Emeritus.Seldin bio / University of Texas Southwestern
Thomson was an operations research analyst in the Office of the Department of Defense from 1974 to 1977, and was on the National Security Council from 1977 to 1981. He has been affiliated with RAND since 1981 and has been its President and CEO since 1989. He has been a director of Texas Biotechnology Corp. since 1994. Fellow directors include RAND trustee Frank Carlucci, a director since 1990; Robert J. Cruikshank, past chairman of the American Heart Association; and Suzanne Oparil, past president of the AHA. The Chairman of the Board of Texas Biotechnology, John M. Pietruski, was President and CEO of Sterling Drug between 1983 and 1988, succeeding W. Clarke Wescoe.Texas Biotechnology Corp. 2003 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Zwick was a RAND trustee from 1969-1979, 1980-1990, and 1991-1999. He was Director of the Office of Management and Budget from 1968-1969, and the President of Southeast Banking Corp., Miami, FL, from 1977 to 1979.
Carla Hills was a RAND trustee from 1983 to
1987. Then, as the US
Trade Representative from 1989 to 1993, she was embroiled in the
controversy over the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competiveness Act. The
policy was designed to eliminate trade barriers to US corporations, who
waited safely in the wings as the anti-smokers gibbered, slobbered and
raved about US tobacco exports.