The Salk Institute

Trustees of the Salk Institute, 1971

The Salk Institute, 1971 / UCSF-Legacy

John J. McCloy (Chairman of the Board)

"By a strange coincidence of fate, it was Robert Lovett and John J. McCloy who, together with Robert B. Anderson, formed Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson's team of financial experts concerned with tracking WWII gold looted by the Axis powers. Indeed, Lovett and McCloy were responsible for negotiating the secret agreement hidden behind the Bretton Woods Agreement concerning the establishment of the Black Eagle trust that was to make use of plundered WWII bullion in the postwar years." (Project Hammer Reloaded. By David G. Guyatt. Nexus Magazine Aug.-Sep. 2003;10(5 ).) He married Ellen Zinsser, whose sister was the wife of Lewis W. Douglas. Her nephews, Stuart and Peter Douglas, and Timothy and John Zinsser were ushers. Harry Brunie of New York was best man. F. Trubee Davison was among the guests. (Other Weddings. New York Times, Apr, 26, 1930.)

Partner of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy; former presidential advisor; former Chairman of the Ford Foundation (1952-1965) and Chase Manhattan Bank; Chairman of the Board of Amherst College; member of the Council on Foreign Relations and Atlantic Institute. Between 1968 and 1972, McCloy was also an Honorary Life Trustee of Lenox Hill Hospital, whose Chairman expressed the Board of Trustees' gratitude to the Council for Tobacco Research for funding the work of Sheldon Sommers. (Letters from E. Everett Smith, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Lenox Hill Hospital, to W.T. Hoyt of the CTR.) Sommers was later a member of the CTR's Scientific Advisory Board. Other trustees of Lenox Hill included Benjamin J. Buttenweiser, Limited Partner of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.; Robert C. Hills, the President of Benno Schmidt's firm, Freeport Sulphur, and Charles A. Wight, its retired Vice Chairman; and William H. Zinsser, who headed the United Hospital Campaign in 1943-44 under Roy E. Larsen of Time, Inc.

Smith to Hoyt, Oct. 22, 1968 / UCSF-Legacy
Smith to Hoyt, Jan. 6, 1969 / UCSF-Legacy
Smith to Hoyt, Jan. 13, 1971 / UCSF-Legacy
Smith to Hoyt, May 9, 1972 / UCSF-Legacy
Guide to the John J. McCloy Papers / Amherst College

Lenox Hill Hospital was originally the German Dispensary, and was co-founded by Dr. Abraham Jacobi. Jacobi served as Edouard Lasker's physician when he took ill in New York City in 1884, and was a mutual friend of German revolutionary Carl Schurz and Andrew Dickson White, Skull & Bones 1853.

He was a trustee of the Ford Foundation, a hotbed of anti-smoking activism, from 1953 until 1965. "'McCloy took a pragmatic view of the CIA's inevitable interest in the Ford Foundation when he assumed its presidency. Addressing the concerns of some of the foundation's executives, who felt that its reputation for integrity and independence was being undermined by involvement with the CIA, McCloy argued that if they failed to cooperate, the CIA would simply penetrate the foundation quietly by recruiting or inserting staff at lower levels. McCloy's answer to this problem was to create an administrative unit within the Ford Foundation specifically to deal with the CIA. Headed by McCloy and two foundation officers, this three-man committee had to be consulted every time the Agency wanted to use the foundation, either as a pass-through, or as cover. They would check in with this particular committee, and if it was felt that this was a reasonable thing and would not be against the foundation's long-term interests, then the project would be passed along to the internal staff and other foundation officers [without them] knowing the origins of the proposal,' explained McCloy's biographer, Kai Bird." (Alternative Media Censorship: Sponsored by CIA's Ford Foundation? By Bob Feldman. Questions Questions.) The same covert techniques can also be applied to corporations, of course.

Feldman / Questions Questions

McCloy was also a longtime Wall Street colleague of the Laskers' friend, William J. Donovan. (Science of Coercion, by Christopher Simpson. Oxford University Press, 1994.)

Excerpt, The Science of Coercion / Centre for Research on Globalisation

McCloy was a correspondent of Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss between 1941 and 1971. Fellow Salk trustee Warren Weaver was also a Strauss correspondent (1947-1967).

"The American Committee on United Europe announced yesterday that Mrs. Albert D. Lasker, Mrs. John J. McCloy and Ernest A. Gross had been elected to the committee's board of directors. Mrs. Lasker, president of the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation, also is a director of the American Cancer Society and of the Menninger Foundation. Mrs. McCloy, wife of the former United States Commissioner to Germany, is a member of the board of governors of the National Red Cross and of the board of managers of Bellevue Hospital. Mr. Gross, partner in the New York law firm of Gross & Hyde, has served in the Department of State and as deputy representative of the United States to the United Nations." (Plan for United Europe. New York Times, March 28, 1954, pg. 21.)

Jerome S. Hardy (Vice-Chairman)

Executive Vice President of the Dreyfus Corporation; former Vice President of Time Inc.; Former Publisher of Life Magazine, and Time, Inc. Books.

Sol M. Linowitz (Vice Chairman)

Linowitz and fellow Salk trustee John Gardner were directors of Time Inc. in 1966. (The Rockefeller File, by Gary Allen.) In 1974, Linowitz was Chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations Commission on Latin American Relations (chiefly funded by the Ford Foundation and Rockefellers), whose fellow members included Peter G. Peterson; In 1975, he was a director of Pan Am; and in 1976-77, during the time he was negotiating the Panama Canal Treaty, he was a director of Time Inc., Pan Am, and Marine Midland Bank (The Panama Canal Sellout, by Edward Rasen. Penthouse, Nov. 1979.)

The Rockefeller File / AMPP
The Panama Canal Sellout / CZ Images

Chairman of the National Urban Coalition (1970-73); Senior Partner of Coudert Brothers 1969-83, and Senior Counsel until 1994; he was a founder and eventually Chairman of Xerox Corporation (1960-66); former US Ambassador to the Organization of American States. In 1983, Linowitz was on the Board of Directors of Pan American World Airways, along with Marietta Tree, a former member of the ACS National Commission on Smoking and Public Policy, and William T. Coleman Jr., a trustee of the RAND Corporation between 1972 and 1987.

Airline Directors, 1983 / UCSF-Legacy
Sol Linowitz bio / Harry Walker Agency

Armand Hammer (Chairman of the Executive Committee)

Chairman of the Board of Occidental Petroleum Corporation; President of Hammer Galleries, Inc.; Trustee of the Eleanor Roosevelt Memorial Foundation.

In 1977, Hammer donated $5 million for construction of the Julius and Armand Hammer Health Sciences Center at Columbia University. "The governor of the state of New York, Hugh Carey, told those present that he had known Dr. Hammer since 'my first term in Congress, when he was so helpful in connection with the Campobello property of the late, great President Franklin D. Roosevelt... Arthur Krim, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Columbia and a director of Occidental Petroleum as well as a long-time friend of Dr. Hammer, expressed the appreciation of the university's trustees... Hammer has been a member of the Eleanor Roosevelt Cancer Foundation since 1960 and has helped endow the California Institute for Cancer Research at UCLA... Trustees present were: Mrs. Katherine Auchincloss, Benjamin Buttenweiser, Thomas Chrystie,..." (Columbia University Receives Major Gift From Dr. Hammer, July 18, 1977. Occidental Petroleum Newsletter "Oxy Today," pp. 22-23.)

Hammer Gift to Columbia University, 1977 / UCSF-Legacy

"It didn't take industrialist Armand Hammer long to put his personal stamp on his new job as chairman of the President's Cancer Panel. He offered $1 million from his own pocket to the scientist who comes up with a magic bullet against cancer. Physicians and scientists in the forefront against cancer--who have long preached that the disease isn't vulnerable to magic bullets-- didn't know whether to laugh or cry. Many of them did the next best thing: they kept very quiet. No one wanted to offend Dr. Hammer. Dr. Hammer, the 83-year-old chairman of Occidental Petroleum Corp., is a 1921 graduate of Columbia's College of Physicians and Surgeons, though he dropped medicine immediately for business." (Dr. Hammer offers $1 million for Ca cure. Medical World News, Jan. 4, 1982.)

$1 million for Ca cure - Medical World News, Jan. 4, 1982 / UCSF-Legacy

"President's Cancer Panel Chairman Armand Hammer said Monday that George Keyworth, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, had agreed to ask President Reagan to consider seeking a 1985 supplemental appropriations for NCI... Both Hammer and Panel member William Longmire are constituents of Congressman Henry Waxman, chairman of the House Health Subcommittee which is responsible for writing health legislation." (Hammer says President's Science Advisory to Ask For FY 1985 Supplemental Appropriations for NCI. The Cancer Letter 1985 Mar 1;17(9).)

Hammer, The Cancer Letter 1985 / UCSF-Legacy

Rosemary Tomich, a director of Occidental Petroleum since 1980, was a trustee of the Salk Institute in 1995.

Occidental Petroleum 1995 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Leo Bartemeier

Medical Director of the Seton Psychiatric Institute; former Chairman of the Chicago Commission on Mental Health.

David L. Bazelon

Chief Judge, US Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit; former member of the President's Panel on Mental Retardation. Bazelon and Judges S. Kelly Wright and Wilbur K. Miller of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the F.C.C. Commission ruling, initiated by anti-smoking attorney John F. Banzhaf III, forcing stations to air anti-smoking propaganda. (Court Upholds F.C.C. on Anti-Smoking Ads. New York Times, Nov. 22, 1968.)

H. Stanley Bennett

Professor of Biological and Medical Sciences, Chairman of the Department of Anatomy, and Director of The Laboratories of Reproductive Biology of the University of North Carolina. In 1964, he was a Trustee of the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago.

William Bernbach

President of Doyle, Dane, Bernbach, Inc.; director of the American Association of Advertising Agencies.

Andrew F. Brimmer

Member of the Federal Reserve Board, 1966-1974; President of Brimmer & Co. since 1976; director of Airborne Express, American Security Bank, BankAmerica Corp., BlackRock Investment Income Trust, Carr Realty Corp., Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Co., E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., The Gannett Co., International Harvester, Mercedes-Benz of North America, Navistar International, PHH Corp., and United Airlines. He was a trustee of the Ford Foundation, a hotbed of anti-smoking activism, from 1974 to at least 1976.

Brimmer was a director of E.I. DuPont de Nemours from 1974 to 1997. Fellow Salk Institute trustee Edgar M. Bronfman was a director from 1981 to 1995, and former EPA Administrator William K. Reilly has been a director since 1993 .

DuPont 1997 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Brimmer was a director of BankAmerica from 1976 until 1997. Philip M. Hawley (Johnson & Johnson director) was a director from 1977 to 1995, and Walter E. Massey (the RAND Gang) has been a director since 1993.

BankAmerica Corp. 1996 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Brimmer was a director of Navistar from 1976 to 1997. Fellow directors have included the late Adm. Elmo R. Zumwalt, a director from 1984 to 1996, who was a trustee of the American Health Foundation from 1975 to 1981; and Richard Celeste (1993-1996), who became Chairman of the Health Effects Institute in 2001.

Navistar 1996 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Brimmer was a director of The Gannett Company from 1980 to 1996. Former First Lady Rosalyn Carter was a director since 1983.

Gannett Co. 1996 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Brimmer was a director of United Airlines from at least 1983 until 1993. Fellow directors in 1983 included Richard P. Cooley (of the RAND Gang), and Walter A. Haas Jr., Chairman of Levi Strauss & Co.

Airline Directors, 1983 / UCSF-Legacy
UAL 1994 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Brimmer has been a director of BlackRock Closed End Funds since 1988. Former Minnesota Governor and Senator Walter F. Mondale is a fellow director.

BlackRock Funds 2002 Annual Report / (pdf, 32pp)

Brimmer was a director of PHH Corp. from 1990 to 1996. Fellow directors included Alexander B. Trowbridge of Warburg-Pincus Counselors Funds.

PHH Corp. 1996 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Brimmer has been a director of CarrAmerica Realty Corp. since 1993.

CarrAmerica 2003 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Brimmer has been a director of Borg-Warner Automotive Inc. since 1997.

BorgWarner 2003 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Edgar M. Bronfman

President of Joseph E. Seagram & Sons, Inc.; Director of the Committee on Economic Development, the John F. Kennedy Center on the Performing Arts, and the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies. The Bronfmans

Jacob Bronowski

Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute. Bronowski was one of the first ten to join when it was founded in 1962, with Gerard Piel, publisher of Scientific American, as President.

Salk Institute, 1962 / UCSF-Legacy

Alan Bullock

Vice Chancellor of Oxford University (1969-73); author of "Hitler, A Study in Tyranny" and other books. He is a director of the privately-held Scienion AG.

Frederic de Hoffmann

Chancellor of the Salk Institute; nuclear physicist, in 1955 founded and was President of General Atomic, which was acquired by Gulf Oil in 1967; Vice President of Gulf Oil; former Senior Vice President of General Dynamics. He retired in 1988 "after learning that he had contracted AIDS from a contaminated blood transfusion" (which accounts for the Institute's current research focus), and died in 1989 at the age of 65. (Salk Institute Assembling Big Guns For War On AIDS, by Linda Roach Monroe. Los Angeles Times, Jan. 2, 1991.)

Coy C. Eklund

Executive Vice President of Equitable Life Assurance Society; Trustee of the National Foundation. "Equitable Announces Non Smoker Discounts (Atlanta Daily World, April 27, 1980). Coy Eklund, president and chief executive of The Equitable, said that 'The Equitable is a leader in the increasingly competitive insurance industry, and we're going to continue to take progressive steps in the area of pricing our products. The non-smoker discount is an important example of pricing innovation.'"

The Equitable, 1980 / UCSF-Legacy

Eklund was Chairman of the National Urban League in 1981 ("America Issues Whitney Young Stamp," Philip Morris Call News Feb-Mar 1981. Young's widow, Margaret B. Young was on the Board of Directors of PM.)

Urban League, 1981 / UCSF-Legacy

Eklund was a director of Life Medical Sciences from 1994 to 2000. "From 1938 to 1983, Mr. Eklund served in various capacities at The Equitable Life Assurance Society of the United States and from 1975 to 1983 was its chief executive officer. From August 1987 through March 1996, Mr. Eklund has served as the chairman and chief executive officer of Trivest Financial Services, a company engaged in the television business."

Life Medical Sciences 2000 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Equitable Vice President Glenn McHugh was also a trustee of the Salk Institute. Howard Emnes, Vice President, Health Affairs of The Equitable, was a member of the Advisors and Task Force of the Children's Television Workshop "Feeling Good" TV series, circa 1973.

Ferdinand T. Fletcher

Partner of Higgs, Jennings, Fletcher and Mack since 1939; former staff member of the US House of Representatives Investigations Committee. He is from the family of a noted San Diego land developer.

Donald N. Frey

Vice President of Ford Motor Company (1964-68); President of General Cable Corporation (1968-71); President & CEO of Bell & Howell Co. (1971-1988); since then, Professor of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences at Northwestern University. (At Bell & Howell, he was the successor of Peter G. Peterson, husband of Joan Ganz Cooney of the Children's Television Workshop, who was president of Bell & Howell from 1961 to 1971.)

John W. Gardner

Gardner was Executive Assistant at the Carnegie Corporation from 1946-54, and its President from 1955-1965; Secretary of the US Department of Health Education and Welfare from 1965-68; Chairman of the National Urban Coalition from 1968-70; Founder and Chairman of Common Cause from 1970-77; Cofounder of Independent Sector, 1980; and Chairman of the National Civic League from 1994-96. (John W. Gardner 1912-2002. The John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities at Stanford University.)

Gardner bio / John W. Gardner Center at Stanford University

In 1942, Gardner headed the Latin American section of the Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service, which was under the jurisdiction of the Federal Communications Commission. In 1943, he joined the Marine Corps and the Office of Strategic Services, the precursor of the Central Intelligence Agency, and served in Washington DC, Italy, and Austria. (Cabinet Officials - John W. Gardner. US Social Security Administration.)

John W. Gardner / US Social Security Administration

Fellow trustees at Carnegie included W. Randolph Burgess, Devereux C. Josephs, Morris Hadley [S&B 1916], and Arthur W. Page. (Fund's Trustees Active in Policy. New York Times, Jul. 12, 1954.) Burgess's brother, Robert W. Burgess, was director of the US Census Bureau during the Eisenhower administration. In 1955, the bureau surveyed 25,000 householders to find out "how many smoke and how often. It is understood that the results will be used in connection with research into lung diseases, particularly lung cancer."

As HEW Secretary, he helped push through the Medicare legislation, which has been the single greatest cause of rising health costs. He also helped create the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, providing a taxpayer-funded propaganda network for the ruling elite. He was on the Board of Trustees of Stanford University from 1968 to 1982. (Gardner Obituary. Oasis TV Library.) He was also a key political mentor of Philip R. Lee, and of the architect of health fascism, J. Michael McGinnis.

Gardner obituary / Oasis TV Library

Gardner and fellow Salk trustee Sol Linowitz were directors of Time Inc., in 1966. (The Rockefeller File by Gary Allen.)

The Rockefeller File / AMPP

David A. Hamburg joined the board of Stanford University in the "John Gardner chair," and later followed him as president of the Carnegie Corporation as well.

"Dr. Joseph T. English, a former Peace Corps psychiatrist newly appointed to work on the Johnson anti-poverty program in the mid-1960s, had a memorable introduction to Mahoney's close ties with the White House. Confronted with the task of getting appropriations from Congress for a national network of health centers, he asked a friend, 'How do you raise money for health care?' 'It's very simple,' she responded, 'there's a woman in Washington named Florence Mahoney who's raised funds with Mary Lasker for all the federal health programs. The way you raise money is talk to Florence Mahoney.' English promptly called her up and said he would like to accept a previously proffered invitation to dinner... English 'appeared at her table,' whose guests included Senator Walter 'Fritz' Mondale and George McGovern, HEW Secretary John Gardner, and presidential domestic counsel Harry McPherson... I started talking and that began a friendship with John Gardner that ended bureaucratic squabbling between HEW and OEO and began unprecedented cooperation between them. We soon had $100 million for neighborhood health centers. It started around Florence's dinner table." And later, when continued appropriations were held up, Mahoney phoned Lady Bird Johnson, who proceeded to make the poverty program one of the five most important of Johnson's administration. (From: Noble Conspirator, Florence S. Mahoney and the Rise of the National Institutes of Health. By Judith Robinson. The Francis Press 2001.)

President Clinton introduced Gardner, then Chairman of the National Civic League, at the All-American Cities Award Ceremony, Sep. 8, 1994. Gardner acknowledged Florence Mahoney in the audience, and introduced Wayne Hedien, Chairman and CEO of Allstate Corp. and former Trustee of the American Health Foundation.

All-America Cities Ceremony, 1994 / Clinton Library, NARA

He was a founding member of the national advisory board of the Haas Center for Public Service at Stanford University, and in 1989 as the first Miriam and Peter Haas Centennial Professor in Public Service. (Renowned social reformer John Gardner dies at 89. Stanford Report, Feb. 17, 2002.)

Gardner Dies / Stanford Report, 2002

The PBS documentary, "John Gardner: Uncommon American," was funded by the Carnegie Corporation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Walter and Elise Haas Fund, the Miriam and Peter Haas Fund, the Evelyn and Walter Haas Jr. Fund, the James Irvine Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, and the David and Lucille Packard Foundation. (Gardner documentary, Independent Sector.)

Gardner / Independent Sector

Theodore E. Gildred

President of Lomas Santa Fe, Inc., a San Diego real estate firm; Director of the Gildred Foundation; Director of the University of the Americas in Puebla, Mexico.

History / The Lomas Santa Fe Group

Melvin A. Glasser

Director, Social Security Department, International Union, United Automobile Workers of America; Chairman of the Executive Committee of the National Foundation. Between 1978 and 1984, Glasser participated in a variety of health-related OTA reports. He was also a member of the NAS Council on Health Care Technology, which produced a "Medical Technology Assessment Directory" in 1988.

Samuel B. Gould

Former Chancellor of the State University of New York (1964-1974) and of the University of California, Santa Barbara (1959-62); former President of Antioch College (1954-59); and former President of New York's Educational Television for the Metropolitan Area (ETMA) from 1962 to 1964. Newton Minow and cronies from the ETMA gang stacked the Federal Communications Commission to hand John Banzhaf his notorious "Fairness Doctrine" ruling.

Samuel Brookner Gould obituary / Bates College

Harry E. Green

Senior Vice President and General Counsel of Container Corporation of America (of which Aspen Institute founder Walter Paepcke was the President); and member of the Chicago and Cook County Chapters of the National Foundation. In 1978, Harry E. Green was Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the National Foundation - March of Dimes. (Jimmy Carter Presidential Diary, Dec. 18, 1978.)

Carter Diary, 1978 / Carter Library (pdf)

Robert W. Holley

Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute. In 1977, he participated in the American Cancer Society's National Commission on Smoking and Public Policy, and attended the Los Angeles and Denver forums.

Members, National Commission on Smoking and Public Policy / UCSF-Legacy
Holley bio / Nobel Museum

Holley was a sponsoring member of the Citizens' Committee for the Conquest of Cancer, co-founded by Mary Lasker's crony, Sidney Farber, and co-chaired by Emerson Foote of the American Cancer Society and Solomon Garb, who was a correspondent of Mary Lasker between 1969 and 1981. Other sponsoring members included William McC. Blair Jr., Mrs. William McC. Blair Jr., now vice president of the Lasker Foundation; Elmer H. Bobst; R. Lee Clark; Mrs. Alice Fordyce, Mary's sister; James W. Fordyce, Mary's nephew; Mary's old friend, Leonard Goldenson of ABC-TV; Mrs. Paul G. Hoffman, aka Anna Rosenberg; Mathilde Krim; Hollywood producer Norman Lear; William Regelson, founder of FIBER, on whose board Mary later served; and Bernard J. Reis, Treasurer of the Lasker Foundation. Garb sent a bullying letter to Curtis H. Judge, President of Lorillard Inc., demanding that "the tobacco industry" lobby for "higher total appropriations to NCI" and that "the Tobacco Research Institute [sic] should allocate substantial sums to finding anticancer drugs in plants." (Garb to Judge, Sep. 20, 1978.)

Citizens' Committee for the Conquest of Cancer, 1978 / UCSF-Legacy

Masaru Ibuka

President of the Sony Corporation of Japan.

Jacob K. Javits

Republican US Senator from New York, Ranking Minority Member of the Labor and Public Welfare Committee, and member of the Foreign Relations Committee, Small Business Committee, Government Operations Committee, Joint Economics Committee, and Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.

Seiji Kaya

President Emeritus of Tokyo University; member and former President of the Science Council of Japan. Circa 1981, Kaya became an advisor to the United States - Japan Foundation, founded by Mary Lasker correspondent Robin Chandler Duke and her husband, Angier Biddle Duke, along with Japanese industrialist Ryoichi Sasakawa. Other advisors included Henry A. Kissinger and Robert S. Sarnoff, former chairman of RCA.

History and Background / United States - Japan Foundation

John M. King

King Resources Company; Chairman of the Board of several management and investment companies, and director of numerous petroleum associations. Colorado Business Magazine described him as "Denver financier, oilman, tycoon, larger-than-life legend and bankrupt John King." One of his outaluck investors in 1973 was former astronaut Walter Schirra.

Colorado Business Magazine

Antonie T. Knoppers

Senior Vice President of Merck and Company, Inc.; former Director of Pharmacology of Amsterdam Chininefabriek; former professor of the Free University of Amsterdam; and former Managing Director of Nederlandsche Kininefabriek. Knoppers is a member of the Bilderbergers.

Knoppers was Chairman of the Board of the Salzberg Seminar from 1975-1984, and is a life member. Directors include Marina v.N. Whitman.

Board / Salzberg Seminar

In 1988, Knoppers was a director of Hewlett-Packard, along with Lasker Foundation director Robert J. Glaser.

Directors of Hewlett-Packard, 1988 / UCSF-Legacy

Knoppers is on the Advisory Board of the Charles A. Dana Research Institute for Scientists Emeriti (RISE) at Drew University. It was founded in 1981 by George deStevens, former EVP and director of research at CIBA-Geigy, and noted for his development of high blood pressure drugs. Other members of the Advisory Board include Bell Labs cronies William O. Baker and Edward E. David.

About / RISE

Salvador E. Luria

Non-Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute. In 1977, he was a member of the American Cancer Society's National Commission on Smoking and Public Policy, but reportedly attended no forums.

Members, National Commission on Smoking and Public Policy / UCSF-Legacy

Luria was a correspondent of Joshua Lederberg from 1949 to 1973, and of NCSPP members David Baltimore and his wife, Alice Huang. He was also involved with the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences between 1982 and 1984, and the American Cancer Society from 1961 to 1985.

S.E. Luria Papers / American Philosophical Society

Memorial Service Planned for S.E. Luria. MIT News Servive, Feb. 13, 1991.

Luria obituary, 1991 / MIT News Service

Malcolm MacNaughton Jr.

President of Wilsey, Bennett and Company, a floral transportation firm founded in 1950.

Robert Manning

Editor-in-Chief of The Atlantic Monthly (1966-80); former Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs. Manning was a member of the Advisors and Task Force of the Children's Television Workshop TV series, Feeling Good, circa 1973.

Glenn McHugh

Investment Counsel; former Assistant Counsel, US Senate; former Vice President of Equitable Life Assurance Society. The Equitable's Executive Vice President Coy C. Eklund was also a trustee of the Salk Institute.

Joseph F. Nee

Senior Vice President of the National Foundation; member of the Executive Committee of the National Health Council.

Basil O'Connor

President of the National Foundation; former law partner of Franklin D. Roosevelt. In 1964, O'Connor was a director and candidate for president of the National Citizens Committee for the World Health Organization. Fellow directors included Harold S. Diehl of the American Cancer Society; Howard A. Rusk; Peter G. Meek, executive director of the National Health Council; and Mrs. Oswald B. Lord (Mary Pillsbury Lord), whose husband was a member of Skull & Bones class of 1926, and son, Winston Lord, the former chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations, is a member of S&B class of 1959.

National Citizens Committee for the World Health Organization, Final Board Meeting, 1964 / UCSF-Legacy
National Citizens Committee for the World Health Organization, 1964 / UCSF-Legacy

Frank A. Rose

Chairman of the Board of University Associates Inc.; former President of the University of Alabama; former Chairman of the Board of General Computing Corp.

Richard L. Rosenthal

Rosenthal was President of Citizens Utilities Company from 1946 to 1989. The Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Foundation established the Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Center for Alternative/Complementary Medicine at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. (Alternative Medicine Center Opens. P&S News, 1994 Spring;14(2).)

Alternative Medicine Center Opens / P&S News, 1994

Jonas Salk

Director and Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute. In 1985, Mary Lasker, Florence Mahoney, and Salk were founding members of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Aging and Geriatric Medicine.

2002 International Conference / Institute for Advanced Studies in Aging & Geriatric Medicine (pdf)

Salk was a director of Save the Children in 1989. Peter G. Bourne, former Special Assistant for Health Affairs to President Carter, was vice chairman, and Marjorie C. Benton was honorary chairman. Other directors included Mary E. King (Bourne's wife), Marian Javits (wife of the late Sen. Jacob Javits), Joshua Lederberg, Sharon Percy Rockefeller, and Robert Rodale. (Group Watch.)

Save the Children / Public Eye

Lord C.P. Snow (Charles Percy Snow)

Civil Service Commissioner of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1960.

Joseph Elliott Slater (President)

President of the Aspen Institute; former Secretary-General of the Allied Commission for Germany; former Director of the International Affairs Program of the Ford Foundation; former Assistant Secretary for Education and Cultural Affairs of the US Department of State. Circa 1976, he was a member of the National Advisory Council of the Addiction Research Foundation, along with Philip R. Lee, Florence Mahoney, and the wife of Aspen Institute director Douglass Cater.

Addiction Research Foundation / UCSF-Legacy

Norman H. Topping

Topping was associate director of the National Institutes of Health and Assistant Surgeon General from 1948 to 1952; vice president for medical affairs at Penn from 1952 to 1958; president of the University of Southern California from 1958 to 1970 and chancellor from 1971 to 1980. He had helped develop vaccines against typhus and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. (Dr. Norman Topping, Former VP/Medical Affairs. Penn Almanac, 1997 Nov 25;44(14).) He was elected a director of Litton Industries, shortly before its president, Roy L. Ash, formed the Ash Council that created the Environmental Protection Agency. (Answers Muffled At Litton Meeting. By Robert A. Wright. New York Times, Dec. 14, 1970.)

Topping obituary, 1997 / Penn Almanac

In 1973, USC's biggest sources of funding were the National Cancer Institute's Special Virus Cancer Program ($2,392,330 for one project) and National Institutes of Health Research Grants ($1,643,850 for 34 projects), out of total funding of about $7 million. The American Cancer Society funded seven projects for $229,843 and one professorship, and the Council for Tobacco Research funded two projects with $135,879.

USC research, 1973 / UCSF-Legacy

Topping was a director of Litton Industries, Getty Oil Co., A.H. Ahmanson & Co., and Transamerica Mutual Funds (The Board of Trustees at the University of Southern California, 1978-79, by Daniel Brandt of Namebase).

USC Trustees / Namebase

Warren Weaver (Trustee Emeritus)

Non-Resident Fellow of the Salk Institute; Director of the Natural Sciences Division (1932-55) and Vice President (1955-59) of the Rockefeller Foundation; and a director of the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research during the 1950s. Weaver was one of the first ten to join when the Salk Institute was created in 1962.

Salk Institute, 1962 / UCSF-Legacy

Weaver was Chairman of the Sloan-Kettering Institute's Committee on Scientific Policy and a member of the Executive Committee during 1955-57.

Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1955-57 / UCSF-Legacy

Weaver was a member of the National Advisory Cancer Council from 1957 to 1960. ([Members of the President's Cancer Panel, 1976, and National Advisory Cancer Council, 1957-71] J Natl Cancer Inst 1977 Aug;59(2suppl):763.)

President's Cancer Panel - J Natl Cancer Inst 1977 / UCSF-Legacy

In 1958, Weaver was a member of New York City Mayor Wagner's new Health Research Council. Other members included James S. Adams of Lazard Freres & Co.; Dr. Leona Baumgartner, Commissioner, Department of Health; Devereux C. Josephs, chairman of the board of the New York Life Insurance Company and a director of the Morgan Guaranty Trust; Dr. Mervin J. Kelly, president of Bell Telephone Laboratories; Mrs. Mary Lasker, president of the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation; Dr. Robert K. Merton, Professor of Sociology at Columbia University; Gerard Piel, publisher of Scientific American; Anna M. Rosenberg, public and industrial relations consultant, Anna M. Rosenberg Associates (who married Paul G. Hoffman a few years later); and Bethuel M. Webster, counsel to the Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company. (New City Research Agency To Finance Health Studies. By Peter Kihss. New York Times, Sep. 17, 1958 p. 1; Members of Health Council. New York Times, Sep. 17, 1958 p. 22.)

Weaver was a member of the National Advisory Cancer Council in 1958, along with Lane Adams of the American Cancer Society; Dr. Murray M. Copeland; Dr. Charles A. Evans; Dr. Henry S. Kaplan; Mrs. Mary W. (Albert D.) Lasker; Dr. Robert A. Moore; Dr. Isidor S. Ravdin; Dr. Leo G. Rigler; Dr. Joseph F. Ross; Dr. Harold P. Rusch; Dr. Richard S. Schreiber; Dr. Howard E. Skipper; Mr. James E. Webb; and Dr. Sidney Weinhouse, when it established a Panel on Viruses and Cancer with Stanhope Bayne-Jones (Skull & Bones 1910) as Chairman. ([Members of the President's Cancer Panel, 1976, and National Advisory Cancer Council, 1957-71] J Natl Cancer Inst 1977 Aug;59(2suppl):763.)

President's Cancer Panel - J Natl Cancer Inst 1977 / UCSF-Legacy

Warren Weaver, by Mina Rees. Biographical Memoirs V. 57, pp 492-530, National Academy of Science, 1987.

Weaver Biography / National Academy of Science

Weaver was a correspondent of Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss between 1947 and 1967, as was Salk Chairman McCloy (1941-1971).

Weaver was a member of the Bowman Committee, which was formed by Vannevar Bush to deal with continued government support of scientific research after the Second World War.

The Salk Institute Newsletter, Fall-Winter 1978, No. 20

Salk researchers attempt to find a use for (Mary Lasker's pet researcher) Choh Hao Li's beta-lipotropin, and (Florence Mahoney's stooge) Avram Goldstein's endorphins.

Salk Institute Newsletter, 1978 / UCSF-Legacy

In 1967, Li's work at the University of California - San Francisco (including a hormone he named lipotropin, with supposed "powerful fat-releasing properties," which has amounted to nothing) was funded by the US Public Health Services, American Cancer Society, the Albert D. and Mary Lasker Foundation, the Andre and Bella Meyer Foundation, and the Upjohn Pharmaceutical Company.

Hormone Research Laboratory, 1967 / Online Archive of California


cast 07-17-08