The Frank Stanton Page

Frank Stanton, president of CBS from 1946 to 1971 and vice chairman of its board of directors until he retired in 1973, was a founding member of and chaired the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences from 1953 to 1960, and was a trustee from 1953 to 1971. Stanton was chairman of the Rand Corporation from 1961 to 1967 and a trustee from 1957 to 1978. He has also been a trustee of the William Benton Foundation; Educational Broadcasting Corporation; Rockefeller Foundation; and Carnegie Institution Washington. He was also a director from 1976 to 1995 of Interpublic Group, which now owns Foote Cone & Belding/True North Communications and the MWW Group. [William Benton was a former employee of Albert D. Lasker. -cast]

Frank Stanton bio / Museum of Television and Radio

Stanton was a correspondent of Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss between 1949 and 1968.

In 1946, Stanton was a sponsor of the New York Heart Association fund raising campaign. Other sponsors included W. Averell Harriman; Mrs. William Randolph Hearst, Sr.; Mrs. Albert D. Lasker; James S. Adams; Harold L. Bache, the nephew of Jules S. Bache; Leona Baumgartner; Devereux C. Josephs; Ralph T. Reed; and Thomas J. Watson Sr. Hugh Cullman and Emerson Foote were chairmen of Commerce and Industry committees. (Display Ad 46. New York Times, Jan. 31, 1946 p. 12.)

Memo from Fred Panzer to Jack Mills, Horace Kornegay, and Earle Clements of the Tobacco Institute, Oct. 10, 1975: "The attached insertion by Senator Moss of a CBS jibe at the so-called tobacco subsidy should be viewed in the context of Frank Stanton's board affiliations with (a) Atlantic Richfield, 7th largest U.S. oil company and (b) Pan Am World Airways, American Electric Power Co., and New York Life Insurance Company."

Panzer to Mills et al., 1975 / UCSF-Legacy

The Rand Corporation

Stanton was chairman of the Rand Corporation from 1957-67, and a trustee from 1968-78. Fellow trustees in 1969 included Newton N. Minow, the former head of the FCC; and William R. Hewlett, President of the Hewlett-Packard Company.

Rand Trustees, 1969 / UCSF-Legacy
2003 Annual Report / Rand Corporation ( 17pp, pdf)

Stanford Research Institute

Stanton was a director of the Stanford Research Institute in 1966. (The perils of running a nonprofit. By Spencer Klaw. Fortune Magazine Nov. 1966, p. 158.)

Fortune, 1966 / UCSF-Legacy

American Cancer Society

Frank Stanton was on the Board of Directors of the American Cancer Society in 1956. Other directors include James Adams of Lazard Freres; Lane W. Adams; Elmer H. Bobst; William U. Gardner, later the director of the Council for Tobacco Research; and Mrs. Albert D. Lasker. Honorary Life Members include Gen. William J. Donovan, Anna M. Rosenberg, Eric A. Johnston, and Alfred P. Sloan Jr.

ACS Directors, 1956 / UCSF-Legacy

Stockholders of Astor Plaza were Vincent Astor, William S. Paley and Frank Stanton, chairman and president, respectively, of the Columbia Broadcasting System, and Hoyt Ammidon, Robert L. Kerby and Allan W. Betts, executive employees of Astor. (Vincent Astor Plans Skyscraper In Park Ave. to Cost 75 Millions. New York Times, Sep. 19, 1956.)

CBS

Telegram from Paul K. Hahn, President of the American Tobacco Company, to Dr. Frank Stanton, President of Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc., Sep. 19, 1962, "strongly protest[ing] the one-sided and misleading presentation of material in the CBS television program, 'The Teen-Age Smoker.'"

Hahn telegram to Stanton, 1962 / UCSF-Legacy

From Broadcasting, March 27, 1967: "A hitherto unreported assertion that CBS President Frank Stanton was prepared to eliminate all cigarette advertising on the company's television and radio faciltiies several years ago is mentioned briefly in the Fred Friendly book, 'Due to Circumstances Beyond Our Control,' which is being published today (March 27).

"On pages 208 and 209 of the book, Mr. Friendly, former CBS News president who resigned last year after a widely publicized dispute with top management over alleged interference with the running of his department, refers to the cigarette interlude in these words:

"'[Dr. Frank Stanton's] finest attempt at statesmanship to date, I believe, concerns the connection between cigarettes and lung cancer. He lost the battle but with perseverence, he may win the war, and if he does, this victory will deserve a place in broadcast history.'

"Mr. Friendly states that neither Dr. Stanton nor CBS Board Chairman William S. Paley is a cigarette smoker. The author said there is no doubt in Dr. Stanton's mind about the effect of cigarettes on the public's health. In the months preceding the release of the surgeon general's report on the relationship between cigarette smoking and health, Mr. Friendly reports, Dr. Stanton insisted that CBS had to begin formulating a policy.

"'His plan was that, well in advance, we should announce that on a specified date, we would eliminate all cigarette advertising, for which I was once told, CBS received approximately $70 million annually,' Mr. Friendly writes.

"'Stanton believed this amount - almost half of a total of over $150 million cigarette dollars - spent in broadcasting each year could be replaced by other advertising revenue.'

"Mr. Friendly recounts that Dr. Stanton lost the 'first round' probably because of pressure from the radio division and partly because the birth of CBS was associated with tobacco interests. But he is convinced that if the government didn't order it first, Dr. Stanton's name will be associated with the limitation or rejection of cigarette advertising on television.

"'He is too much of a realist to believe that an industry licensed in the public interest can indefinitely accept $150 million a year - a sum apt to increase - to promote a habit that is beyond a shadow of a reasonable doubt against the public health. "Using the public air to spread a disease that may kill 300,000 Americans is palpable disgrace that should make the quiz scandals look like a harmless parlor prank.

"Mr. Friendly points out in his book that in many other civilized countries cigarette advertising in broadcasting has been banned, and in England replaced by antismoking campaigns and adds:

"'Stanton is too intelligent a man not to understand the inevitability of that step in this country. In 1959 he said that CBS would be responsible for what goes on the air. Congress believed him then and I do now.'

"Mr. Friendly... has since joined the Ford Foundation as a TV consultant, and also serves as a professor at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism..."

Friendly, 1967 / UCSF-Legacy

"Network TV anti-smoking spots dropped in March to 140 from February's all-time high of 203. Private reports, which cited 204 in December, 192 in January, show CBS, as usual, carrying the most, but for the first time in three months not running more than the total carried by ABC and NBC." (Informational memo by William Kloepfer Jr., Vice President of Public Relations of the Tobacco Institute, May 27, 1969.)

Kloepfer Memo, May 27, 1969 / UCSF-Legacy

But Mr. Stanton thought it was perfectly reasonable for a little clique of lying, cheating, stealing, bloodsucking vermin to force their will on the American people, and he helped to make it happen. Pretending all the while that they were merely bending to 'circumstances beyond their control' when he was part of the control, is the mentality that permitted these lice to take over our country. The only things those pieces of filth in the media stand for are smarmy duplicity and cold-blooded betrayal. That is why they purposely spread the Big Lie that smoking is economic burden, in order to lay the foundation for the state lawsuits against the tobacco industry, and help their co-conspirators loot $368 billion from smokers, under color of law.

Stanton publicly pretended to be opposed to the ban on cigarette advertising, but he didn't act in keeping with his professed beliefs. Neither did the other big shots of Big Media. "Still looking for a way to take court action to test the new federal law banning broadcast cigaret advertising, Victor Diehm, president of the Mutual Broadcasting System, has written his counterparts at the other three networks asking for a meeting on the problem.

"So far, he has received no reply from CBS' Frank Stanton, ABC's Leonard Goldenson or NBC's Julian Goudman. Mr. Diehm has instructions from the Mutual Affiliates Advisory Council to press for legal action to halt the implementation of the Jan. 2, 1971, ban on radio and tv cigaret ads. Mutual lawyers feel the legislation can be challenged as discriminatory to a single advertising medium and as unconstitutional...

"While Mutual is willing to carry the fight for the industry, Mr. Diehm estimated it will cost about $200,000 to take this through the Supreme Court and hopes there will be some financial assistance forthcoming from other broadcasters. There has been encouragement from the Tobacco Institute and from some advertising agencies with cigaret accounts, but no one has yet volunteered to contribute, he said." (Mutual talks of Court Fight on Cigaret Ad Ban. Advertising Age, May 28, circa 1971.) [Leonard Goldenson had been a crony of Mary Lasker et al. since 1940. -cast]

Mutual Talks of Court Fight, 1971 / UCSF-Legacy

Stanton bluntly described how the ill-named "Fairness" doctrine served the schemes of the anti-smoking conspirators: "Turning to the basis of marketing, paid advertising is usually brief, it is costly and its purpose is to sell products or services. In the normal 30- or 60- second announcement the advertiser cannot effectively present both the competitive virtues of his product and a defense against later objections to its social desireablilty that may be raised. Further, what an advertiser can say about the merits of his product is not given the full protection of the First Amendment but, rather, is limited by the vigorous truth-telling standards of the Federal Trade Commission Act.

"The individuals and groups who would counter advertise would engage in these debates without any such restrictions. They need not pay for their time; they have no selling obligations; and they would not be restricted by the FTC in what they would say. The result would not be a debate, but what Dr. Clay T. Whitehead, Director of the Office of Telecommunications Policy, has called 'a verbal stoning in the public square.' Most of the organizations and groups which would counter advertise would not be financially responsible for the damage they might cause to the advertiser's enterprise and to his employees should their charges be false or irresponsible. Nor is it likely that the First Amendment would be held by the courts to permit the imposition of liability on them even if they were financially responsible." (Remarks of Frank Stanton, Vice Chairman of Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc., at the General Conference of CBS Television Network Affiliates; May 9, 1972.) In other words, the anti-smoking vermin were given a license to be irresponsible PARASITES.

Stanton, 1972 / UCSF-Legacy

The Fairy Tale of John Banzhaf and the "Fairness Doctrine"

Newton Minow and cronies from the Ford Foundation stacked the Federal Communications Commission to obtain Banzhaf's "Fairness Doctrine" ruling.

The Fairy Tale of John Banzhaf and the Fairness Doctrine

Thirteen / WNET

Stanton was a Life Trustee of public television station Thirteen / WNET in New York City, several of whose founders were involved in the Banzhaf affair. Johnson and Johnson director Joan Ganz Cooney is a fellow Life Trustee, and former American Health Foundation trustee D. Ronald Daniel is a regular trustee.

Corporate Officers and the Board of Trustees / Thirteen WNET

The Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences

The Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University was established by the Ford Foundation. Stanton was a founding member and chair from 1953 to 1960, and a trustee from 1953 to 1971. It has received recent significant grants from the Carnegie Corporation, Citicorp Foundation, Ford Foundation, William T. Grant Foundation, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and National Institutes of Mental Health.

The Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences

Committee on Substance Abuse and Habitual Behavior

Frank Stanton and CASBS director Gardner Lindzey were members of the Committee on Substance Abuse and Habitual Behavior. In 1978, the Committee and the National Institute of Drug Abuse cosponsored a symposium entitled "Cigarette Smoking as a Dependence Process," published in 1979 as NIDA Research Monograph No. 23. In 1982, it produced "Reduced Tar and Nicotine Cigarettes: Smoking Behavior and Health" (National Academy Press, 1982.) Other members of the Committee included Julius Richmond's crony Thomas C. Schelling, of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University; and Judith Rodin, now president of the Rockefeller Foundation and a director of Citigroup.

Reduced Tar and Nicotine Cigarettes, 1982 / UCSF-Legacy

The Harvard Center for Health Communications

Stanton was a board member of the Harvard Center for Health Communications, "to educate the public about good health habits and to 'deepen media coverage of health.' ...When an issue already gets prominent coverage, the center's strategy will be to find fresh angles. For instance, Winsten said, it may produce an in-depth briefing paper on nicotine's addictive properties, drawing on the latest research. This information, he noted, might have significant implications in court battles over tobacco companies' liability for cigarette-related disease and death. (Harvard School of Public health to encourage media health coverage. By Richard A. Knox. The Boston Globe, Jan. 2, 1986.)

Boston Globe, 1986 / UCSF-Legacy

The Interpublic Group of Companies

Interpublic is the parent company of the McCann-Erickson advertising agency. Albert and Mary Lasker's crony, Emerson Foote, was a Vice President of McCann-Erickson after leaving Foote, Cone & Belding in 1951 until 1957. He returned in 1958. "In 1958-'61, Mr. Foote, then senior VP of McCann, virtually commuted between Chicago and New York on various fire-fighting expeditions." Encyclopedia Britannica was one of their major accounts. "This situation, it was learned, dated back to the late 1950s, when Peter G. (Pete) Peterson resigned the management to join Bell & Howell (he is now President.)" (Advertising Age, March 7, 1964). Foote resigned as Chairman of McCann-Erickson in September 1964, asserting that he would have nothing to do with any agency handling or seeking to handle cigarette advertising. Peterson later married Joan Ganz Cooney, founder of the Childen's Television Workshop.

Stanton was a director of Interpublic from 1976 until retiring in 1995. Other directors of the Interpublic Group included Lynne V. Cheney, wife of US Vice President Dick Cheney; Leif H. Olsen, director since 1972, senior vice president of Citibank until 1978 and chairman of its Economic Policy Committee until 1985; and former Undersecretary of State Joseph J. Sisco, director since 1979. In 1994, The Capital Group of Los Angeles owned 12.3% of Interpublic, and Stanton was a director of two its funds.

Interpublic Group 1994 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Harvard School of Public Health

Stanton was on the Dean's Council of the Harvard School of Public Health in 1998 and 1999. In 1999, Mrs. William McCormick Blair Jr. was also on the Council. Former Rep. Paul G. Rogers has been on the Council since 1998. Barry R. Bloom was the Dean. President Bush's physician Kenneth Cooper and William H. Foege were on the Visiting Committee.

Credits, 1998 / Harvard School of Public Health
Credits, 1999 / Harvard School of Public Health

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cast 03-20-12