The anti-smoking conspiracy began over a century ago. Skull & Bones members ring-led the creation of the American Tobacco Trust, to gather all the companies under anti-smoker control. But they knew that they couldn't just take over the tobacco companies and shut them down, because others would simply enter the field. So, they also created and built up enemies to persecute tobacco, particlarly the American Cancer Society, the Harvard School of Public Health, and the American Heart Association, and used these as proxies to create and control the federal health establishment (the National Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute, et al.) to manufacture fraudulent pseudo-science to deceive the public at taxpayer expense. The anti-smoker-controlled tobacco companies merely put up a phony pretense of fighting the anti-smoker-controlled "health" lobbies, and purposely throw lawsuits (that is, to those brought by the "right" plaintiffs) in order to financially intimidate potential entrants away from the tobacco industry.
Philip Morris/Altria is a particular flagrant example of conspiratorial control. The anti-smokers used it to scoop up the remaining companies that hadn't been sucked into the Tobacco Trust, and they built it up to serve as the lead Judas Goat to betray the rest. J. Russell Forgan, who later wrote the act creating the Central Intelligence Agency, began investing Marshall Field 3d's money in the tobacco industy in the late 1920s, and he led the financing of Philip Morris's expansion from the 1940s to 1960s, when he specifically recruited insitutional investors. And, from 1960 to 1981, the stepson of the head of the American Cancer Society was on its board of directors!
The old "Tobacco Trust" was created by the urban transit and utility barons, with James Duke as front man.The American Tobacco Company
Philip Morris History, 1847-1985. In: Manufacturing Center
Orientation Manual, Aug 1987 (est.)
(Can't Take It With You: The Art of Making and Giving Money. By
Lewis B. Cullman. John Wiley & Sons, 2004.)
Butler had been an organizer of the American Tobacco
Company in 1890, and he and his brother had also founded the
Universal Tobacco Company (1901-1904), out of whose remains the Butler
Tobacco Company was formed. In 1912, he and his brother, George P.
the Surbrug Company, manufacturing smoking tobacco in Hoboken, N.J.,
and the Khedivial Company, manufacturing cigarettes. In 1912, the
Tobacco Products Corportion was founded on this, which later acquired
the New York City branch of Philip Morris.
In 1929, Joseph F. Cullman Jr. and Howard S. Cullman, of Cullman Brothers Inc., and others, formed Tobacco and Allied Stocks, Inc., "to invest and trade in securities of companies engaged in the tobacco and allied industries. It [was] the first investment trust in this particular field." In 1941, Joseph F. Cullman Jr. bought control of Benson & Hedges stock from Tobacco and Allied Stocks, and in 1942 was elected Chairman of the Board of Benson & Hedges. In 1954, stockholders of Tobacco and Allied Stocks and Benson & Hedges exchanged their stock for shares of Philip Morris. Besides the Cullmans, directors of Benson & Hedges and/or Tobacco and Allied Stocks included John E. Cookman, Joseph Taylor Foster (Skull & Bones 1908), Bayard F. Pope, Junius A. Richards, Godfrey S. Rockefeller, and John F. Wharton. Morgan Stanley & Co., whose co-founder, Harold Stanley (Skull & Bones 1908) was a director of the Tobacco Products Corporation in 1923, did the analysis for the merger between Benson & Hedges and Philip Morris.Philip Morris's predecessor, Benson & Hedges
"The Cullman involvement with tobacco extends back to 19th Century
Germany, where Ferdinand Kullmann was a tobacco merchant. Since then,
Cullmans have dealt in tobacco in one form or another. Cullman Bros.,
whose tobacco farms were acquired by General Cigar in 196?, was founded
in 1892 by Ferdinand's sons, Joseph and Jacob. Cullman Bros. bought
tobacco at auctions in the U.S. and abroad, and sold it to cigar
manufacturers. The Cullmans were also involved in other phases of the
industry. In 1908, United Cigar Manufacturers, the predecessor to
General Cigar, was formed at the home of Joseph Cullman. In 1910,
Cullman Bros. began growing tobacco leaf. Joseph Cullman's son, Joseph,
Jr., saw that land in the Connecticut River Valley was being used
successfully to grow binder and wrapper tobacco. The land he bought and
tobacco grown on it have contributed greatly to the Cullman family
fortune. The next money-making stroke was the formation in 1928 of an
investment trust, Tobacco & Allied Stocks, Inc., by Joseph's two
sons, Howard and Joseph, Jr., to capitalize on their knowledge of the
tobacco industry. Major investments. One of its first major investments
was purchase of control of Webster, Eisenlohr & Co., a foundering
cigar manufaeturer. Joseph, Jr., plunged in, made the concern a going
operation, and sold out 10 years later for 3 times what he paid in.
Using that money Joseph, Jr., paid $850,000 for control of Benson &
Hedges, makers of premium-priced Parliament cigarettes. In 1954, he
sold the company to Philip Morris in a well-rolled $22.4-million
package that brought the Cullmans into Philip Morris management.
Joseph, Jr., who died a year later, became chairman of the executive
committee; his son, Joseph F. Cullman III was made a vice-president
and three years later became president and chief executive officer;
his nephew, Hugh, was appointed assistant director of market research.
Another leaf. Tobacco family though they are, some Cullmans have turned
over still another leaf. W. Arthur Cullman, 53, another of Joseph,
Jr.'s sons, is professor of marketing and director of graduate business
programs in the College of Administrative Science at Ohio State
University. Lewis, 49, youngest of the four brothers, runs an
investment advisory service, Lewis B. Cullman, Inc. sold General
Cigar's directors on a variety of acquisitions that span the industry
from leaf to point of purchase: The purchase of Metropolitan Tobacco
Co., the largest wholesaler of tobacco (plus candy and sundries) in the
New York City area, was designed to broaden operations in consumer
product merchandising as well as to strengthen the distributing
organization for the company's own products. The acquisition of Cullman
Bros. tobacco farms added large Connecticut land holdings where
high-quality shade wrapper tobacco is grown. More land was picked up
with the purchase of the tobacco and landscape nursery properties of
American Sumatra Tobacco, giving General Cigar an entry into the
raising of trees and shrubbery." (General Cigar Smokes A Sleeker
Stogie. Business Week, Dec. 14, 1963.)
Ferdinand Cullman, "for fifty years a wholesale tobacco merchant," immigrated to the US in 1848. He died in New York City at the age of 82. He was the father of Joseph Cullman, Mrs. R.L. Stix, and another daughter. (Obituary Notes. New York Times, Dec. 1, 1903.) His wife, Eva, died the year before. (Died. New York Times, Sep. 3, 1902.) Robert L. Stix was a tobacco wholesaler in New York City. He was the son of Cincinnati dry goods merchant Louis Stix. (Obituary Notes. New York Times, Oct. 21, 1915.)The Cullmans, Laskers, Eisners, and Yale
Joseph F. Cullman Sr.'s two sons both graduated from Yale
University: Joseph F. Cullman Jr. in 1904, and Howard S. Cullman in
1913. Cullman Jr. was said to have told his four sons, "You can go to
any college you like, but I'll pay your way through Yale." And all of
them did go to Yale: Joseph F. Cullman 3d, Yale 1935; William Arthur
Cullman, Yale 1937; Edgar Mayer Cullman, Yale 1939; and Lewis B.
Cullman, Yale 1941.
Mrs. Joseph F. Cullman Jr. was a daughter of Mrs. Frances Nathan
Wolff, widow of Julius R. Wolff. She was the daughter of Emily R.
Hendricks and Benjamin Nathan. She was a cousin of Justice Benjamin N.
Cardozo, and her daughter, Emily, was married to Ernest Cardozo,
another cousin of the judge. (Mrs. Julius R. Wolff. New York Times,
Jun. 6, 1949.) Ernest A. Cardozo was a son of Michael H. Cardozo
[1851-1906]. Mrs. Joseph F. Cullman was the matron of honor, and Joseph
F. Cullman Jr. was an usher. (Miss Emily Wolff A Bride. New York Times,
Apr. 1, 1908.) Michael H. Cardozo was the great-grandfather of Michael A. Cardozo, New
York City Corporation Counsel under Mayor Bloomberg.
Lewis Cullman was a director since 1961 of General American Investors, which was formed by members of Brown Brothers, Harriman; Lazard Freres; and Lehman Brothers. GAI is a massive benefactor, along with Philip Morris, of the Neurosciences Institute in La Jolla, California. Charles R. Wall, Senior Vice President and General Counsel of the Philip Morris Companies, is also a Trustee of the Neurosciences Research Foundation.
The Lasker family has ties to Yale's Skull & Bones Society that
go back before 1884. When Albert D. Lasker's uncle Eduard, a Prussian
legislator, died unexpectedly in New York, the autopsy was performed by
William H. Welch, S&B 1870, and his old friend, Andrew Dickson
White, S&B 1856, spoke at the funeral. Albert Lasker's brother
a graduate of the Yale law school, and Albert's son, Edward, was a 1933
graduate of Yale - and a close personal friend of Joseph Cullman
3d. Edward Lasker has also been associated with J. Wix & Co., the London branch
of the American Tobacco Company, during 1933 and 1934.
Joseph Cullman 3d was an usher at Edward Lasker's wedding (Miss Caral Gimbel Has Home Bridal. New York Times, Feb. 2, 1935.) And when Mrs. Joseph F. Cullman 3d and her brother-in-law, Arthur Cullman, gave a dinner in the Perroquet Suite of the Waldorf-Astoria to celebrate their twenty-first birthdays, among the guests were Mr. and Mrs. Edward Lasker, Frances Lasker [Brody], Lester Eisner, and Arthur J. Cohen Jr. (Mrs. J.F. Cullman 3d Has Birthday Party. New York Times, Dec. 31, 1935.) Lester Eisner Jr. was the father of Michael Eisner, the former head of the Walt Disney Company; his relatives, the Dammanns, owned American Safety Razor. After ASR merged with Philip Morris in 1959, Richard W. Dammann joined the PM board, and in 1961, Edward Lasker showed up on it. In 1953, Arthur J. Cohen Sr. was one of the large stockholders of Philip Morris. There was also an individual whose name was spelled "Orvil Dreyfoos," who may have been Orville Dryfoos, the son of Jack A. Dryfoos, hosiery manufacturer, and Florence Dryfoos, who married Marian Effie, the oldest daughter of Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, publisher of The New York Times, in 1941. He attended Horace Mann School and Dartmouth College, and worked for the Wall Street stock brokerage firm Asiel & Co., where he was an active floor trader from 1937 until going to work for The Times in 1942. He was president of the New York Times since 1957, publisher since 1959, and chairman from 1961 to 1963. (Publisher Orvil Dryfoos of New York Times Dies. AP. Auburn, N.Y., Citizen-Advertiser, May 25, 1963.)
Philip Morris & Co. Ltd. Inc. filed a registration statement
the Securities and Exchange Commission to cover the issuance of
148,991 shares of $100-par-value cumulative preferred stock, to be
offeed to holders of its outstanding common issue, with shares not
taken up to be offered to the public through Lehman Brothers (9.0%);
Forgan & Co. (9.0%); Hemphill, Noye & Co. (4.4%); Ladenburg,
Co. (4.4%); Union Securities Corp. (4.4%); A.G. Becker & Co., Inc.
(3.1%); Lazard Frères
& Co. (3.1%); the Swiss American Corp. (1.0%); Merrill Lynch, E.A.
Cassatt (Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Beane 3.1%); Dominick
& Dominick (2.3%); Granberry, Marache & Lord (0.5%);
Hallgarten & Co. (1.7%); Hornblower & Weeks (3.1%), and G. M-P.
Co., all of New York City; Jackson & Curtis (1.7%), Boston;
& Co. (1.7%), San Francisco; Scott & Stringfellow (1.7%);
& Co. (0.5%); Wertheim & Co. (1.7%); White, Weld & Co.
(1.7%); Laurence M. Marks
& Co. (1.2%); Riter & Co. (1.2%); Ira Haupt & Co. (1.7%);
Bear, Stearns &
Co. (1.2%); Mackubin, Legg & Co. (1.2%); Stern Bros.
& Co. (1.0%), of Kansas City, Mo.; Watling, Lerchen & Co.
Detroit; Mason Hagan, Inc. (1.0%), and Branch, Cabell & Co. (0.5%),
Richmond, Va.; Alex Brown & Sons (1.2%), Frank B. Cahn & Co.
(1.0%), and Stein Bros. & Boyce (0.5%), Baltimore;
W.L. Lyons & Co. (0.5%), Louisville, Ky; and G.H. Walker & Co.
Reinholdt & Gardner (1.0%); I.M. Simon & Co. (0.5%); Francis
Co.; and Stifel, Nicolaus & Co. (?), all of St. Louis; and in
addition, R.S. Dickson & Co., Inc. (1.0%); Dillon, Read & Co.
(4.0%); Emanuel & Co. (1.0%); Goldman, Sachs & Co. (4.4%);
Harriman Ripley & Co. Inc. (4.4%); Hayden, Stone & Co. (4.4%);
Hirsch, Lilienthal & Co. (0.5%); and Kuhn, Loeb & Co. (4.9%).
$11,750,000 of the net proceeds were to pay bank loans, with any
balance for new construction and equipment at Richmond, and up to
$312,500 to the Ecusta Paper Corp. for the installation of cigarette
paper manufacturing facilities. (New Stock Asked By Philip Morris. New
York Times, Feb. 12, 1941; Underwriters Are Listed. New York Times, May
13, 1942.) Glore, Forgan & Co. were also leading underwriters for
Celanese Corp. (Celanese Issue on Market Today. New York Times, Jul. 1,
Lehman Brothers and Glore, Forgan & Co. were the principals of $6 million of twenty-year 3 per cent debentures, due Mar. 1, 1963, by Philip Morris. Lehman Brothes $850,000; Glore Forgan & Co. $850,000; Dillon, Read & Co. $275,000; Kuhn, Loeb & Co. $275,000; Goldman, Sachs & Co. $240,000; Harriman, Ripley & Co. $240,000; Hayden, Stone & Co. $240,000; Hemphill, Noyes & Co. $240,000; Ladenburg, Thalmann & Co. $240,000; Union Securities Corp. $240,000; A.G. Becker & Co. Inc. $160,000; Hornblower & Weeks $160,000; Lazard Freres & Co. $160,000; Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Beane $160,000. ($6,000,000 Issue Is Filed With SEC. New York Times, Mar. 2, 1943.) Hemphill, Noyes and Merrill Lynch also underwrote Johnson & Johnson's 36,218 cumulative second preferred stock. (Johnson & Johnson. New York Times, Jul. 4, 1944.) Lehman Brothers and Glore, Forgan & Co. were also lead underwriters of 199,847 shares of Philip Morris & Co., Ltd., 4 per cent cumulative preferred stock. Most of the members of the 1941-42 syndicate were also involved. (Offering of Stock to be Made Today. New York Times, Jan. 17, 1945.)
Senior partners of Hemphill, Noyes & Co. included Jansen Noyes, senior partner and leading figure in the development of the firm; Stanton Griffis, a partner since 1917; Clifford Hemphill, the son of Alexander J. Hemphill, former president of the Guaranty Trust Company, who attended the 1916 tobacco summit; and Harold Clark Strong, also an early partner. Griffis and Noyes met at Cornell, on the college newspaper, The Cornell Sun. Their sons, Jansen Noyes Jr. (Cornell 1939), Nixon Griffis, Clifford Hemphill Jr., and Harold C. Strong Jr. (Yale 1940) all joined the firm together on the same day in 1945. (Four Sons of Four Senior Partners Of Hemphill, Noyes to Join It Today. New York Times, Dec. 5, 1945.) Stanton Griffis, chairman of the executive committee of Paramount Pictures, was a member of the advisory committee of the New York City Cancer Committee campaign in 1946, and James S. Adams, a member of the Lasker ASCC takeover group, directed solicitation by the commerce and industry committee. The general campaign chairman was Gen. John Reed Kilpatrick. Other members of the advisory committee were Sidney J. Weinberg, president of Goldman, Sachs & Co.; Maj. Gen. William J. Donovan, of the law firm Donovan, Leisure, Newton & Lumbard; and Eugene W. Stetson of the Guaranty Trust. (Named to Head Division in Cancer Fund Campaign. New York Times, Mar. 11, 1946.) Clifford Hemphill was vice president of the New York Homeopathic Medical College. Charles D. Halsey was its president, and H.S. Cullman was on its board of trustees. ($227,335 for Hospital. New York Times, Jun. 16, 1931.)
Lehman Brothers and Glore, Forgan & Co. were the chief
underwriters of the Company. (Alfred E. Lyon letter to Preferred
Stockholders, Feb. 2, 1946; Lybrand, Ross Bros. & Montgomery audit,
Feb. 2, 1946.) Glore, Forgan's predecessor, Field, Glore & Co., was
involved in financing Tobacco & Allied Stocks in 1929. Partner J.
Russell Forgan, the former head of the
O.S.S. in Europe and a founder of the C.I.A., personally attended at
least two regular meetings of the Board of Directors in 1959, and the
firm handled PM's sale of $55 million in notes in 1964. The object was
evidently to build up the company, which was one of the smaller ones,
as the Judas to lead the others to disaster.
James H. Scott and Walter S. Robertson, both partners of Scott &
Stringfellow, investment bankers, attended the Philip Morris annual
meeting, July 9, 1947. Robertson had retired six months earlier from
the State Department, where he had been an assistant under John Foster
Dulles [brother of CIA director Allen
W. Dulles] and chargé d'affaires at the U.S. Embassy in
China. (Walter S. Robertson Sr. Dead; Former U.S. Aide on Far East. New
York Times, Jan. 20, 1970.) Dulles had been a director of Tobacco
Products in 1929.
The Board of Directors voted to make a $1,000 donation to the American Cancer Society, and another $1,000 to the Athens College in Greece. They voted to begin negotiations with Lehman Brothers and Glore, Forgan & Co. for additional capital. (Minutes of regular meeting of Board of Directors of Philip Morris & Co., Ltd., March 20, 1950.)PM Meeting Minutes, March 20, 1950 / tobacco document
"The President then stated that Messrs. Lehman Brothers and Glore, Forgan & Co., on behalf of themselves and a number of other firms, had offered to underwrite the offering of the Cumulative Preferred Stock, [blank] % Series, and Additional Common Stock, and subject to certain conditions, to purchase all shares not subscribed for and to pay therefor an amount equal to the respective subscription prices, plus accrued dividends in the case of the New Preferred Stock, for which they would receive an underwriting commission in respect of the New Preferred Stock of $261,220 (which was equivalent to $2.00 a share for each share being offered to stockholders) and an underwriting commission in respect of the Additional Common Stock of $266,461.60 (which was equivalent to 80 cents a share for each share being offered to stockholders), plus an additional 75 cents per share for each share of unsubscribed Common Stock purchased by the underwriters if the number of shares of un-subscribed Common Stock (which was defined to include stock purchased by the underwriters upon exercise of subscription warrants) exceeds 16,654 but does not exceed 66,616, or an additional $1.25 per share for each such share so purchased if the number of shares of unsubscribed Common Stock exceeds 66,616, but does not exceed 166,538, or an additional $1.75 for each such share so purchased if the number of shares of unsubscribed Common Stock exceeds 166,538. He pointed out that the underwriters would pay accrued dividends on shares of Preferred Stock purchased by them except such shares as were purchased upon exercise of subscription warrants held by them." He presented a detailed agreement to the meeting. (Minutes of regular meeting of Board of Directors of Philip Morris & Co., Ltd., May 18, 1950.)PM Meeting Minutes, May 18, 1950 / tobacco document
Letter from F.B. Kingsley, Assistant Secretary of the Guaranty Trust, to C.H. Kibbee, Secretary of Philip Morris & Co., Jan. 7, 1954, concerning mailing of Notice of Special Meeting to be held January 26, 1954.Kingsley to Kibbee, Jan. 7, 1954 / tobacco document
John R. Latham was an
advertising man who became president of the American Cigarette and
Co. in 1938. During World War II, he was with the Office of War
Information. "During the 1950s, he created the Philip Morris country
music radio show, which toured the South and Middle West. He left the
tobacco business for good in 1960, when he became senior vice president
of a Warner Lambert Pharmaceutical Co. subsidiary."
Oliver Parker McComas was born in Baltimore and graduated from
Princeton in 1916. After World War I, he was a foreign-exchange trader
with Sutro Brothers & Co., then a bond trader with Cowen & Co.
In 1928, he joined the Bankers Trust Company
as a specialist in foreign
securities, and the next year headed the company's business in Paris.
In 1930, he was in charge of its London office, and in 1932 was vice
president of its Paris office. He was a trustee of Lenox Hill Hospital
since 1942. (O.P. M'Comas Dies; Tobacco Man, 62. New York Times, Nov.
26, 1957.) He joined Philip Morris as a vice president a month after
resigning from Bankers Trust. (Becomes a Vice President of Philip
Morris & Co., Inc. New York Times, Jul. 18, 1946; Executive Vice
President Of Philip Morris & Co. New York Times, Jul 31, 1947.) He
was a director of the Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation.
(Former Banker on Board Of Fairchild Corporation. New York Times, Apr
14, 1948.) He was the president
of PM from 1949 (Chief Officials Advanced By Philip Morris & Co.
New York Times, Apr 28, 1949) and CEO from 1953 (Philip Morris Promotes
Two Officers. New York Times, Dec 22, 1953) until his death
in 1957, when Joseph Cullman III took over. He was president of the
United Hospital Fund of New York in 1950 (Appointed as Chairman Of
Hospital Campaign. New York Times, Apr 20, 1950). His vice chairmen
were Sidney J. Weinberg,
a partner of Goldman, Sachs, & Co., and Charles A. Wight, chairman
of the executive council of Freeport Sulfur Company and a fellow
trustee of Lenox Hill Hospital (Appointed Vice Chairman Of Hospital
Fund's Drive. New York Times, Sep 11, 1950), while Mrs. Frank E.
Adair was chairman of the women's committee. (Starting United Hospital
Fund Appeal. New York Times, Oct 4, 1950.) Mrs. O. Parker McComas and
Mrs. Frank E. Adair also raised funds for Memorial Cancer Center
(Fashion Show to Aid Cancer Center Unit. New York Times, Feb 13, 1951.)
McComas and J. Stewart Baker, president of the Bank of the Manhattan
Company, were elected directors of the United Hospital Fund. (Hospital
Fund Reports. New York Times, May 2, 1951.) McComas was one of
signatories of the "Frank Statement to Cigarette Smokers," which
announced the creation of the Tobacco Industry Research Council. The
multiple past president of the United Hospital Fund, Roy E. Larsen, the president
of Time, Inc., just happened to be an old friend of
Clarence Cook Little, who became the TIRC director. In 1957, McComas
was elected president of the United Hospital Fund again. (United
Hospital Fund Elects New President. New York Times, May 9, 1957.) His
daughter, Rhonda Mary McComas, married Lt. William LeGrand Jacob, of
the British Royal Navy (Rhonda M'Comas Bride of Officer. New York
Times, May 7, 1954); he was the son of Sir Ian Jacob, a member of Prime
Minister Winston Churchill's "secret circle" and Director-General of
the British Broadcasting Corporation 1952-59.
Russell Forgan and Thomas Mann of Glore, Forgan & Co., and Edgar B. Kapp of Lehman Bros. joined the annual meeting at its end on April, 29, 1959. (Philip Morris Meeting Minutes, April 29, 1959.) J. Russell Forgan of DuPont Glore Forgan attended the meeting of the Board of Directors of Philip Morris Incorporated held at the offices of the company at 100 Park Avenue in New York City, on June 24, 1959. Frederick L. Ehrman of Lehman Brothers also attended. A registration statement covering a proposed issue of $40,000,000 principle amount of Sinking Fund Debentures was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, to be handled by the First National City Trust Company. "Thereupon, Messrs. Ehrman and Forgan retired from the meeting." The Morgan Guaranty Trust Company was authorized to transfer more common stock. (Philip Morris Meeting Minutes, June 24, 1959.)Philip Morris Meeting Minutes, April 29, 1958
In 1959, Philip Morris began discussions for a merger with American
Safety Razor. Lester Eisner's brother-in-law, attorney Richard Weil
Dammann of ASR, joined the Board of Directors of Philip Morris. Also,
Philip Morris's new, state-of-the-art corporate
research center was opened, and dedicated in honor of O. Parker
McComas. Its stated purpose was only for research on "tobacco, smoke,
and their components."
Philip Morris and American Safety Razor merged in 1960, and Sidney Weil, Chairman of the Executive Committee of ASR, and Edward Lasker joined the Board of Directors of Philip Morris.PM 1960 Annual Report / tobacco document
Philip Morris Proxy statement, March 5, 1962: "With the exception of Mr. Edward Lasker, all of the nominees were elected directors by the stockholders last year. During the last five years Mr. Lasker has been a member of the law firm of Hastings & Lasker, Beverly Hills, California."PM 1962 Proxy Statement / tobacco document
Philip Morris 1962 Annual Report: Ed Lasker joins the Board of Directors; Timothy V. Hartnett, Chairman of the Tobacco Industry Research Council (predecessor of the Council for Tobacco Research), noted the recent research implicating viruses as causes of cancer.Directors, PM 1962 Annual Report / tobacco document
"1. The Scientific Advisory Board meeting this Friday was attended by Carl Thompson. They made more grants and analized what has been accomplished.
"2. Ogden White, Chairman of the Finance Committee of Sloan Kettering and Memorial Hospital reported that the R. J. Reynolds Company had agreed to grant a $100 thousand to Sloan Kettering. It could indicate that Reynolds feels here's a little protection or TIRC hasn't done too much. Reynolds wanted a raw products center for the industry, claiming that TIRC should be interested in agriculture as well as health (They control 35 - 40% of the TIRC funds). American Tobacco vetoed this because they couldn't be connected with any leaf industry. Reynolds then bought a farm and formed their own raw products research center. Sloan Kettering will be the logical one to investigate cancer claims. P. Lorillard has been giving $25,000 for years without any fanfare. They are going to approach other tobacco companies, automotive companies, milk companies, and anyone else with an interest in the cancer controversy. Right now we are committed to the TIRC concept. Reynolds by working with Sloan Kettering might see developments as they come about. They might get a new dimension to their research. Mr. Wynder will be out in April with a paper which says there is something in filters which is selective and safe. The agency was alerted that this paper might come out and asked to think of anything which might be exploitable. The marketing department has been alerted to play on the selectrate trademark of Marlboro. There is talk that the FCC might lift the ban on health claims in ads." (From James Bowling Area, Philip Morris, Mar. 13, 1962.) Ogden White joined the board of directors of Liggett & Myers in 1968.TIRC Meeting, 1962 / tobacco document
"Philip Morris Incorporated, major tobacco and diversified company, recently announced the direct sale to institutional investors of $55 million of 4.65 per cent notes, due November 1, 1989. Placement was negotiated by the investment banking firms of Lehman Brothers and Glore, Forgan & Co. This is the largest long-term financing by a major tobacco company in recent years and the first such financing by Philip Morris since 1959, when the company raised $40 million through the sale of debentures." (Philip Morris Sells Notes to Institutions. Tobacco, November 27, 1964 p. 16. In: Cigarette Tow Newsletter, Dec. 15, 1964.)Philip Morris Sells Notes to Institutions, 1964 / tobacco document
Alfred Brittain III,
president-elect of the Bankers Trust Company of New York, was elected a
director of Philip Morris. He was a director until 1991.
At the time he filed his 1967 "Fairness Doctrine" complaint to the FCC, anti-smoker lawyer John F. Banzhaf III was employed at the Park Avenue law firm of Watson, Leavenworth, Kelton, and Taggart, "which had a top-paying client by the name of Philip Morris." (Cancer Foes Shy at Equal TV Time. By Jack Anderson. Washington Post, Times Herald, Aug. 16, 1967.) Watson, Leavenworth et al. were patent attorneys for PM from 1960 to 1981, the same period that Ed Lasker was on their board. Things they patented for PM included ventilated filters and processes for denitration of tobacco and puffing tobacco stems. The firm reportedly died in 1981 after a key partner left and took major accounts with him.
Cozad is named in the 1967 and 1968 Philip Morris Annual Reports.
"Mr. Cozad joined Amoco Oil Company as Financial Vice President in
1969, was elected a Vice President of Amoco in 1971, and became Vice
Chairman, in 1983. Mr. Cozad is a director of GATX Corporation; Inland
Steel Industries, Inc.; Sears, Roebuck & Co.;
and Whitman Corporation." Also in 1994, he was a director of Eli Lilly & Co. (Eli Lilly
& Co. 1994 DEF 14A.)
"Bottom, Right: A $75
check, representing a 25-year debenture issue, is presented to John E.
Cookman [right], Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. Shown
the presentation are [left to right] F. Warren Hellman of Lehman
Brothers, Sydney J. Weinberg, Jr., of Goldman, Sachs & Co.,
Frederick L. Ehrman of
Lehman Brothers and James W. Cozad, Treasurer of
Philip Morris." (Philip Morris 1968 Annual Report, p. 8 [p. 10 of
document].) Hellman was Ehrman's nephew.
Laurance S. Rockefeller, Chairman of the Board of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, expresses his "deep appreciation" "for your generous support" to Joseph Cullman III, March, 21, 1974. "Dear Joe..."Rockefeller to Cullman III, 1974 / tobacco document
Joseph F. Cullman 3d was a director of the anti-smoker Levi Strauss & Co. in 1978.
Richard W. Dammann retired from the board in 1979, and William H. Donaldson, Skull & Bones 1953, was elected.Dammann & Donaldson, Philip Morris Annual Report 1979 / tobacco document
George Weissman thanked Ed for a newspaper clipping of an article by Tish [Letitia] Baldridge. Lasker's address at McKenna & Fitting law firm, 3435 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, is in the same building that Skull & Bones-founded TIME Inc. occupied in the early 1980s.Weissman to Lasker, June 6, 1979 / tobacco document
Lasker had a dumb idea to put Vanceril, a steroid used as an asthma drug, in cigarettes, which went over like a lead balloon: "For your information, you will find attached a copy of the PHYSICIANS' DESK REFERENCE information on the drug. I think there are enough warnings, etc., in the PDR to severely restrict any interest in the product." (Robert B. Seligman memo re Vanceril - Idea From Edward Lasker, May 12, 1980.)Seligman memo re Lasker idea, May 12, 1980 / tobacco document
Lasker retired from the board in 1980, and became an emeritus director until 1983. Elected to replace him was a crony of Benno C. Schmidt, Paul W. Douglas, who was the President, CEO, and Chairman of the Executive Committee of Freeport Minerals Company (1975-81) and Freeport McMoRan (1981-83); also Chairman of The Pittston Corp. 1984-91, and a director of Phelps Dodge Corp. from 1983-1999. Douglas was on the board of Philip Morris until 1995.Lasker & Douglas, Philip Morris Annual Report 1980 / tobacco document
Bull, who was a member of former President Richard M. Nixon's
circle, was Congressional Manager for Philip Morris from approximately
1979 to 1988. Former Rep. George
H.W. Bush (whose administration
nurtured and released the EPA ETS report)
was one of the guests at the
company's gala. (PM Turns on at GOP Gala. Call News, June 1979.) Bull
was a member of the Transition Team of Ronald
Reagan, who gave us
Surgeon General C. Everett Koop: "Office of
Presidential Personnel: James
Cavanaugh, a vice
of Allergram Pharmaceutical Co., who served as deputy chief of staff in
the Ford White House. Office of Appointment Secretary: Terry O'Donnell,
Ford's old appointment secretary, and Steve Bull,
secretary, now with Philip Morris Co. [emphasis added]. Other
members of the Transition
Team included James A. Baker III, Richard G. Darman, and Nancy Reynolds;
and William H. Taft IV, "member of Ohio's Taft family and former
general counsel of the old Department of Health, Education and
(White House Transition Team. Washington Post, Feb. 18, 1980.)
"Roderick Hills, former SEC Chairman, and his wife Carla
A. Hills, former HUD Secretary, dropped by to meet the PHIL-PAC
winners - and were greeted by PM's Mike Irish and PM/Washington's Steve
Bull." (And the PM Inaugural Suite Was the Liveliest! Call News Feb-Mar
In 1966 Bull was Special Projects Manager at Canada Dry Corporation.
He was one of eight Nixon staffers suspected of being "Deep Throat."
(Stephen Bull. Spartacus Schoolnet.) "By the time he left [Canada Dry]
to work as an advance man on Nixon's '68 campaign, he was assistant to
the then-president, David J. Mahoney."
Bob Haldeman asked him to stay on after the campaign. (Stephen B. Bull:
The Man In the Middle; Bull and the Tale of the Tapes: 'The Noose
Tightens.' By Judy Bachrach. Washington Post, Feb 3, 1974.) He was in
charge of the infamous White House tapes. (Keeping Track of Nixon
Tapes: Haphazard Care Was 'Normal.' By William Chapman. Washington
Post, Times Herald, Nov 9, 1973), set up the recording equipment which
Rose Mary Woods allegedly used to erase parts of them (Sirica Eyes
Grand Jury Investigation. By George Lardner Jr. Washington Post Jan 17,
1974), and removed tapes from Woods' safe for her (Prosecutors Eye
October Weekend In Erasure Probe; Weekend Eyed in Erasure Probe. By
George Lardner Jr. Washington Post, Jan 20, 1974.) Bull's secretary
died of a "massive stroke" at the age of 41 during the
controversy. (Beverly Kaye, Assisted White House Secretary.
Washington Post, Times Herald, Dec. 22, 1973.) "According to Secret
Service logs, only three persons - the President, Miss Woods, and
presidential aide Steve Bull - handled the June 20 tape." Woods and
Bull swore their innocence. (The Tapes: Hard Questions for Mr. Nixon.
By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak. Washington Post, Apr 11, 1974.)
"Presidential Cigarettes" memo, from Steve Bull, Apr. 13, 1988, announced that "White House physician John E. Hutton... prevailed on the First Lady to convince the President that smoking should not be tacitly endorsed by having cigarette products readily available in the various Presidential facilities."Presidential Cigarettes, Apr. 13, 1988 / tobacco document
Bull has been a longtime director of government relations for the U.S. Olympic Committee. (IVth Olympic Dinner Information, Jan. 31, 1996; 2 Nixon Aides Skeptical About Report That He Took Drug. By David Stout. New York Times, Aug 31, 2000; Drastic U.S.O.C Revision Proposed. By Richard Sandomir. New York Times, Apr 13, 2003.)IVth Olympic Dinner Information, Jan. 31, 1996 / tobacco document
Sister Margaret Sweeney, president of St. Vincent's Hospital and
Medical Center in New York, thanks Peter N. Schmidt, Philip Morris
Media Analyst, for its donation to the hospital's New York Ballet
Benefit. (Sweeney to Schmidt, May 1, 1984.) The hospital was founded by
the Sisters of Charity in 1849. In 1983, it opened its John A. Coleman
Pavilion - which was named for former Tobacco and Allied Stocks
director and Knight of the Order of Malta, John A. Coleman.
Institutional stockholders, 1989: Aetna Life & Casualty
3,500,000; E.I. Dupont 3,155,106; FMR Corporation 8,200,000; Maryland
State Retirement System 934,400; N.Y. City Comptrollers 4,900,000; N.Y.
State Common Retirement 8,715,464; N.Y. State Teachers 7,644,000; Ohio
State Retirement System 800,000; Putnam Management 2,500,000; Robeco
1,060,000; Rolinco 1,061,200; S.C. Bernstein & Co. 5,000,000;
Sarofim, Fayez 10,000,000; Texas Teachers Retirement System 2,852,000;
Bankers Trust Co. 5,125,000; Chase Manhattan Bank 1,614,750; Citibank
1,783,984; Daiwa Bank 1,202,630; First Union National Bank 1,325,504;
Trust Company Bank 1,113,856. (Philip Morris Companies Institutional
Voting Report, Apr. 19, 1990. D.F. King & Co. Inc.)
1990 Philip Morris Companies Inc. Institutional Fund List: Aetna
Life & Casualty 3,554,702; Alliance Capital Management 17,435,300;
American Capital Asset Management Inc. 1,650,000; Atlanta/Sosnoff
Capital Corp. 2,104,620; Barrow, Hanley, Mewhinney & Strauss
5,428,900; Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. 12,701,357; California
Employees Retirement 5,465,200; California State Teachers Retirement
System 4,178,244; Capital Research & Management Company 13,427,000;
College Retirement Equities Fund 13,741,100; E.I DuPont de Nemours
& Co. 3,625,155; Dreman Value Management Inc. 4,875,196; Equitable
Life Assurance 2,554,000; Fidelity Management & Research Co.
12,121,543; General Electric Pension Trust 2,636,948; Gratham, Mayo,
Van Otterloo & Co. 6,414,112; Hotchkiss & Wiley 3,322,200; IBM
Retirement Plan 2,384,000; IDS Financial Corporation 3,335,000;
Investors Research Corporation 3,097,200; Kemper Financial Services
4,143,900; Lincoln Capital Management Company 5,684,500; Loomis Sayles
& Company 8,242,018; Massachusetts Financial Services 2,445,040;
Michigan Department of Treasury 2,384,000; Miller, Anderson &
Sherrerd 6,576,208; Newbold's Asset Management 2,316,000; New York
State Common Retirement 9,065,864; New York State Teachers Retirement
Board 5,483,800; Pacific Financial Research 4,994,696; PNC Financial
Corp. 3,514,590; Putnam Management Co. Inc. 2,995,348; Robeco/Rolinco
Investment Advisors B.V. 1,440,000; Sarofim/Fayez 28,322,260;
Strong/Corneliuson Capital Management 2,551,804; TCW Asset Management
2,203,600; Texas Teachers Retirement System 3,032,000.
Fourth Quarter 1991 Report on Institutional Holdings of Philip
Morris Common Stock.
Ann M. Fudge, former president of Kraft’s Beverages, Desserts and
Post Divisions in the 1990s, is now a trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation. In 2004, she and
Michael Mudd, executive vice president, Global Corporate Affairs of
Kraft participated in the Robert Wood Johnson
Foundation-sponsored TIME/ABC News Summit on Obesity
Miles got his bachelor's degree in 1961 from Northwestern
University's Medill School of Journalism. He was at the Leo Burnett Co.
for ten years, and joined Heublein in 1971 as senior vice president of
marketing for Kentucky Fried Chicken. He was elected chairman and CEO
of Kraft General Foods and a director of Philip Morris in 1989. He was
a director of First Chicago Corporation and Capital Holding
Corporation, a trustee of Lake Forest College, a member of the advisory
council of the Kellogg Graduate School of Management at Northwestern
University, and of Carnegie Mellon University. (Philip Morris Press
Dec. 20, 1989.)
Chairman and CEO of Philip Morris Companies Inc. from September 1991 to July 1994. Miles has been a director of Sears since 1992, along with Hall Adams Jr., who had the Philip Morris account at Leo Burnett agency; Arthur C. Martinez, former Senior Vice President of Batus Inc., the parent corporation of Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co.; and Donald H. Rumsfeld. Miles was also a director of Dean Witter, Discover & Co., Dell Computer Corp. and Time Warner, a member of the International Advisory Committee of Chase Manhattan Bank, and a trustee of Northwestern University.
After his resignation from PM, Miles was elected to the board of
directors of Time Warner. He joined fellow PM
director Richard D.
Parsons, the President of Time Warner; former US Trade Representative
Carla A. Hills, who was a RAND trustee from 1983 to 1987; J. Richard
Munro, the former Chairman and CEO of Time Inc. and director since
1978, who was a RAND Trustee from 1984 to 1994; Lawrence B.
Buttenwieser, partner of Rosenman & Colin and a director of the
elite General American Investors; Raymond S.
Troubh, director of Petrie
Stores and of GAI; and Donald S. Perkins, Time director since 1979 and
also a director of AON, Cummins Engine Co., and Inland Steel. Miles
continued until Time Warner's merger with AOL.
Miles and Daniel B. Burke of
Capital Cities / ABC were elected to the board of directors of Morgan
Stanley Dean Witter in 1997.
Fourth Quarter 1992 Report on Institutional Holdings of Philip
Morris Common Stock.
Davidoff & Malito were the New York City lobbyists for Philip
Morris USA in 1993. They also lobbied for the Coca-Cola Bottling
Company and McDonald's Corporation. (1993 Lobbyist Annual Report.
Office of the City Clerk, The City of New York.)
Fayez Sarofim was the largest investor in Philip Morris, with
23,200,000 shares out of 65,720,000; Followed by TIAA-CREF 13,800,000;
Sanford Bernstein 10,200,000; J.P. Morgan 8,600,000; California
Public Employees' Retirement System 6,800,000; New York City Pension
Fund, 4,900,000; Pacific Financial 4,200,000; California State
Teachers' Retirement System 4,108,604. (Guest List, Meeting with
Institutional Investors, Sep. 21, 1994.)
"Mr. [William] Murray advised the directors that the Council of
Institutional Investors had sent a
letter complaining about the meeting the Company hosted on September
21, 1994 for
investors and that Management had retained Mr. Dale Hanson, the former president
CalPERS, to offer advice in developing an on-going strategy to deal
with certain public
pension funds. He said that Management is currently cementing good
a number of public pension funds, but that there may be problems in
institutions having a political agenda." (Minutes of a meeting of the
Board of Directors of Philip Morris
Companies Inc., Oct. 26, 1994.) Hanson was a former employee of the
State of Wisconsin Investment Board,
who was later involved in the
Group's attempt to separate RJ Renolds Tobacco and Nabisco.
Reynaldo Reza, a vice president at Fayez Sarofim & Co., "joined
the company as an associate in 1995 after interning with the firm in
the summer of 1994. He is currently responsible for the research of the
tobacco and health care industries." He graduated from the United
States Military Academy with a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering in 1984,
and was employed with Pfizer and Mobil Chemical before attending
Harvard Business School, from which he received his M.B.A. in 1995.
(Reynaldo Reza bio, Fayez Sarofim & Co., accessed 3-29-08.)
Philip Morris Companies Largest Institutions - Sorted by Shares
Managed, Apr. 24, 1995.
1996 Year-End Institutional and Public Pension Fund Holdings - Top 100 Institutional Holdings List and Public Sector Holdings List for Philip Morris. (Inter-Office Memo, Jan. 17, 1997.)1996 Year-End Institutional and Public Pension Fund Holdings, 1997 / tobacco document
The Philip Morris Company is the largest of the tobacco companies, and it took the lead in the collective so-called defense of the industry.Boards of Directors / PBS Frontline
FMR Corp. controlled 6.1% of Philip Morris stock in the 1996 reportPhilip Morris 1996 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
FMR Corp. controlled 7.93% of Philip Morris stock in the 1997 reportPhilip Morris 1997 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
FMR Corp. controlled 8.38% of Philip Morris stock in the 1998 reportPhilip Morris 1998 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
FMR Corp. controlled 7.48% of Philip Morris stock in the 1999 reportPhilip Morris 1999 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
FMR Corp. controlled 6.987% of Philip Morris stock in the 2000 reportPhilip Morris 2000 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
"ELIZABETH E. BAILEY John C. Hower Professor of Public Policy and Management, The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Dr. Bailey assumed her present position in July 1991, having served from July 1990 to June 1991 as a professor of industrial administration at Carnegie-Mellon University and as a visiting scholar at the Yale School of Organization and Management. From 1983 to 1990, she was dean of the Graduate School of Industrial Administration of Carnegie-Mellon University. Dr. Bailey serves as a director of the College Retirement Equities Fund, CSX Corporation, Honeywell Inc., and as a Trustee of The Brookings Institution and the National Bureau of Economic Research.... Director since 1989. Age: 58." (Bio from Philip Morris 1997 DEF14A) Bailey was also a professor of economics at New York University from 1973 to 1977. She continues as a director of Altria in 2003.Bailey / Wharton School of Business, U-Penn.
From 1973 to 1977, Bailey was Research Head for the Economic Research Department of Bell Laboratories, a longtime nest of politically-connected anti-smokerism. And, she was Commissioner and Vice Chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board from 1977 to 1983. (Bailey bio, "Top academic leader to be honored," Stevens Institute of Technology press release, 2000.)Bailey / Stevens Institute of Technology
"The U.S. Civil Aeronautics Board voted 3 to 1, with one vote reserved, to instruct its staff to draft an order banning cigar and pipe smoking on all commercial airlines. Board members will vote again, probably not in public session, on the order once it is drafted. The dissenting vote came from CAB Chairman Alfred Kahn, who said: 'I feel very strongly that the government should not dictate to people about their personal habits unless it very clearly demonstrates that only by dictating in that way can we protect the rights of others.' Elizabeth Bailey is the CAB member who led the ban effort. CAB also voted to issue a proposed rule to ban all smoking on airlines. Public comment will be solicited...." (Tobacco Institute Newsletter No. 187, Dec. 6, 1977.)TI Newsletter No. 187, 1977 / tobacco document
"An Eastern Airlines stewardess, unaware of new Federal regulations giving every passenger the right to a seat in the nonsmoker sections of planes, found out the hard way by tangling with a passenger who was also a member of the Civil Aeronautics Board. Elizabeth Bailey - the first woman to sit on a panel that regulates America's airlines - filed a complaint with the CAB over the incident and got a personal apology from Eastern chairman Frank Borman.... The incident, as described by Eastern spokesman Jim Ashlock, began when Bailey was late boarding a flight with no reserved seats. She approached the stewardess and insisted on a nonsmoker seat even though all the places in the nonsmoker were taken." (UPI, Boston Globe, April 18, 1979.) Also includes an editorial in the Globe a week later which actually dared to criticize the zealotry of the anti-smoking vermin.Boston Globe, 1979 / tobacco document
Bailey co-authored an article, "Market Structure and Multiproduct Industries" (Journal of Economic Literature 1982 Sep;10(3):1024-1048), with Ann Friedlaender, who was a trustee of the RAND Corporation during the period of its Manning study of smoking costs.
Bailey was a director of Honeywell from 1985 until it merged with AlliedSignal in 1999. Fellow PM director William H. Donaldson was a Honeywell director from 1982 until 1998; and Steven G. Rothmeier, who had been a Honeywell director since 1985, was the chairman and CEO of Northwest Airlines when its smoking ban was insitituted in 1988. Rothmeier is a director of Waste Management Inc., with former RAND trustee Carla A. Hills's husband Roderick M. Hills. Honeywell's CEO, Edson Spencer, helped manufacture anti-smoking "clean air" propaganda, and was also a director of CBS.Honeywell 1998 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Bailey was a member of the Editorial Board of Science in 1989. Other members included David Baltimore, who was involved in the American Cancer Society's National Commission on Smoking and Public Policy; Philip E. Converse, Director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences from 1989-94; and James D. Watson, of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Lasker Foundation director Daniel E. Koshland Jr. was the Editor. Directors included Beatrix A. Hamburg, the wife of David A. Hamburg; William T. Golden, also its Treasurer; and Walter E. Massey of the RAND Gang, its retiring President and Chairman. (Science 1989 June 16;244(1440):1229.) Paul A. Marks, the president of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer, joined the Editorial Board in 1992. (Science 1992 Jul 31;257:595.)Science, June 16, 1989 / tobacco document
Bailey has been a director of the CSX Corporation since 1989. William C. Richardson, President and CEO of the WK Kellogg Foundation, joined the board in 1992; and Frank S. Royal, a director of Sen. Bill Frist's family firm HCA, joined in 1994.CSX 2003 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
In 1995, CSX funded the Risk Sciences and Public Policy Institute at The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Our arch enemy Jonathan M. Samet, member of the Science Advisory Board for its 1993 ETS report, and later the anti-smokers' star perjuror in the Minnesota tobacco trial, was named its director. (Report on Recent ETS and IAQ Develoments, prepared by Shook Hardy & Bacon, Nov. 3, 1995.)Shook Hardy & Bacon 1995 / tobacco document
Bailey is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Brookings Institution. Fellow trustees include Ann Dibble Jordan, director of Capital Cities/ABC and Johnson & Johnson, and former Rep. John Edward Porter. Honorary Trustees include D. Ronald Daniel, former trustee of the American Health Foundation; Robert D. Haas, Chairman of the Board of Levi Strauss & Co.; Henry B. Schacht, former CEO of Cummins Engine Company; and Cummins director Walter Y. Elisha.Board of Trustees / Brookings Institution
"GEOFFREY C. BIBLE Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer. Employed by the Company continuously since 1976... He served as President and Chief Administrative Officer of Kraft Foods, Inc. ('Kraft Foods'), from 1990 to 1991, Executive Vice President, International, of the Company from 1991 to April 1993 and Executive Vice President, Worldwide Tobacco, from April 1993 to June 1994, when he became President and Chief Executive Officer. He assumed his present position in February 1995. He is a director of British Sky Broadcasting Group plc, the New York Stock Exchange, Inc., Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc., The International Tennis Hall of Fame, the Health Care Chaplaincy and a member of the Board of Trustees of Thunderbird (American Graduate School of International Management).... Director since 1994."
"MURRAY H. BRING Executive Vice President, External Affairs, and General Counsel. Employed by the Company continuously since 1988, Mr. Bring had been a partner in Arnold & Porter, Washington, DC, since 1997. He became Associate General Counsel of the Company in January, 1988, Senior Vice President and General Counsel in July 1988 and assumed his present position in December 1994. He is a director of the Whitney Museum of American Art, the New York University Law Center Foundation, The William J. Brennan Center for Justice and the New York City Opera.... Director since 1988."
Arnold & Porter is the law firm that completely botched the cross-examination of Jonathan Samet in the Minnesota tobacco trial, by failing to challenge the anti-smokers' scientific fraud of purposely exploiting confounding to falsely blame smoking for diseases that are really caused by infection.
"HAROLD BROWN Counselor, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC; Partner, Warburg Pincus & Co., New York, NY; venture capital firm. Dr. Brown assumed his present position at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in July 1992. Previously and from 1984, he was chairman of the Foreign Policy Institute of the School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Brown has been a partner of Warburg Pincus & Co. since 1990. Dr. Brown is a director of Alumax Inc., Cummins Engine Company, Inc., Evergreen Holdings, Inc., International Business Machines Corporation and Mattell, Inc.... Director since 1983."
Mary Lasker's step-grandson Christopher Brody was also a partner in Warburg Pincus until 1999. The founder, Eric Warburg, was a friend of Adolph Hitler's anti-smoker "authority" on health. Brown's Warburg Pincus bio notes directorships of 13 corporations, listing Evergreen Holdings and Mattell, and trusteeships of Caltech and the Rand Corporation, and the Trilateral Commission. He was the US Secretary of Defense during the Carter Administration, and is a member of the CFR, including serving as a director from 1983 to 1992.Brown / Warburg Pincus
William McCormick Blair Jr.'s crony Newton Minow is an Advisory Trustee of the Rand Corporation, along with the Lasker Syndicate's former key congressman Paul G. Rogers. Other trustees include Frank Carlucci and Arthur Levitt of The Carlyle Group; Newton Minow; Kenneth I. Shine, president of the Institute of Medicine; and Brown's fellow Philip Morris director John S. Reed. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, a longtime associate of William Blair & Company's Edgar Jannotta, was a Trustee from 1977-1987, 1988-1998, and 1999-2001. They were trustees of RAND at the time it produced the Manning study of smoking costs, which was apparently designed as a fallback story in case the flagrant frauds of the OTA and SAMMEC became too well publicized.2001 Annual Report / Rand Corporation ( 17pp, pdf)
Brown was a director of CBS from 1981 to 1997, and of Cummins Engine Company from 1985 to 1999. Cummins directors have numerous links to the Paul Hoffman/Ford Foundation branch of the Illinois Interlock associated with William Blair & Co., and its executives started the Health Effects Institute; and directors heavily interlocked the corporate boards of AT&T and CBS.
Harold Brown also has connections to Frank Press of the Lasker Foundation-associated Washington Advisory Group, dating from when they were graduate students together at Columbia University.
Harold Brown was the chairman of the Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the United States Intelligence Community, created by the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995. The Lasker Syndicate's connections in intelligence go back to William Donovan of the OSS, and Clark Clifford who created the CIA.Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the U.S. Intelligence Community / US GPO
"WILLIAM H. DONALDSON Co-founder and Senior Advisor, Donaldson, Lufkin and Jenrette, New York, NY investment banking firm; Chairman, Donaldson Enterprises, Inc., New York, NY, private investment firm. Mr. Donaldson assumed his present position with Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette in October 1995. He has been chairman of Donaldson Enterprises, Inc., since June 1995. Previously and from 1991, he was chairman and chief executive officer of the New York Stock Exchange, Inc., and from 1980 until 1991, he was chairman and chief executive officer of Donaldson Enterprises, Inc. He serves as a director of Aetna Inc., Honeywell, Inc., the Committee for Economic Development, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc., and as a trustee for the Marine Corps University Foundation, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the New York City Police Foundation. He also serves as chairman of the Yale School of Management Advisory Board.... Director since 1979." [Director until 1999] He was elected to the board when Richard W. Dammann, a relative of Michael Eisner of Disney, retired after 19 years. Mary Lasker's stepson, Edward Lasker, retired the next year.Dammann & Donaldson, Philip Morris Annual Report 1979 / tobacco document
an old friend of Mr. [George W.] Bush's father
and of his uncle, whom he met when they were undergraduates at Yale.
His first job on Wall Street
was at the brokerage firm G.H. Walker & Company, which was run by
Herbert Walker, the uncle of the first president Bush." He left DLJ in
1973 to be under secretary of state with Henry A. Kissinger, and then
counsel to Vice President Rockefeller. (Former Chairman of Stock
Exchange Is Bush's S.E.C. Pick. New York Times, Dec. 11, 2002.) His
brother Edward E. Donaldson was best man at his wedding, but no ushers
were listed. He married the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Van Vechten
Burger. (W.H. Donaldson, Veteran, Fiance of Miss Burger. New York
Times, Aug. 3, 1960; Evan Burger Is Married To William Donaldson. New
York Times, Sep. 18, 1960.) His partner and fellow Bonesman Dan
Lufkin's ushers included Tilghman
Boyd Evans, Skull & Bones 1954.
Donaldson was a director of Harken Energy at one time. He was a
defendant in a stock fraud lawsuit charging that he deceived investors
by reporting that the company had adequate reserves to cover medical
claims. (Spotting the SEC. A Closer Look at Who's Watching Over Your
Nest Eggs. By The Catbird.)
Donaldson was a trustee of the Ford Foundation, a hotbed of anti-smoking activism, from 1970 until at least 1976. Peter T. Grauer, the best friend of anti-smoker New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg, was a managing director and founding partner of DLJ Merchant Banking from 1992 to 2000.
Donaldson was a director of Honeywell from 1982 until 1998. Fellow PM director Elizabeth E. Bailey was a director from 1985 until it merged with AlliedSignal in 1999; Steven G. Rothmeier, who had been a Honeywell director since 1985, was the chairman and CEO of Northwest Airlines when its smoking ban was instituted in 1988; and Honeywell's CEO, Edson Spencer, helped manufacture anti-smoking "clean air" propaganda and was also a director of CBS.Honeywell 1997 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Donaldson was a member of GHW Bush's Presidential Economic Delegation to Poland in 1989. Other members included Robert Galvin of Motorola Corp.; former EPA Administrator William Ruckelshaus, Chairman and CEO of Browning-Ferris Industries, also a director of Cummins Engine Co.; and Dr. Theodore Cooper, Chairman and CEO of The Upjohn Co., and a correspondent of Mary Lasker froim 1970 to 1992. (Statement by Press Secretary Fitzwater, Nov. 15, 1989.)Presidential Economic Delegation to Poland / Bush Library
Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette was a "$100,000+ Excalibur Contributor" to the American Cancer Society in 2000.ACS 2000 Form 990 - Annual Report / ACS (pdf, 123 pp)
President GW Bush nominates William H. Donaldson to be Commissioner of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Dec. 10, 2002. The announcement and his SEC bio fail to mention his directorship at Philip Morris and his membership in Skull & Bones.Donaldson nomination / White House news release Dec. 10, 2002
"James C. Gaither To Chair Carnegie Endowment Board. Sutter Hill Ventures Managing Director Replaces SEC Chairman William H. Donaldson." (Carnegie Endowment News Release, March 26, 2003.) "Gaither served on the Carnegie Endowment board from 1981 to 1999 and was vice chairman from 1990 to 1999... William H. Donaldson joined the Carnegie Endowment board in 1988 and was elected chairman in 1999." It also notes that Gaither was special assistant to John W. Douglas, assistant attorney general, civil division, at the US Department of Justice. It did not note that Donaldson was a director of Philip Morris.News Release, March 26, 2003 / Carnegie Endowment
"JANE EVANS President and Chief Operating Officer, SmartTV, Burbank CA, portable interactivity and electronic commerce. Ms. Evans assumed her present position in April 1995, having served as vice president and general manager, Home & Personal Services Division of U.S. West Communications, Inc., from 1991 to 1995. From 1989 until 1991, she was president and chief executive officer of the InterPacific Retail Group. Ms. Evans serves as a director of BancOne-Arizona Corp., Edison Brothers Stores, Inc., Georgia-Pacific Corporation and Kaufman and Broad Home Corporation.... Director since 1981." She continues as a director of Altria in 2003.
She was a founder of GAMUT Interactive mobile wireless, which was backed by Gannett, Time-Warner, and Young & Rubicam, as well as Philip Morris.Evans / GAMUT Interactive
"ROBERT E.R. HUNTLEY Retired lawyer, educator and businessman. Mr. Huntley retired as counsel to the law firm of Hunton & Williams in December 1995, a position he had held since December 1988. Previously, Mr. Huntley had served as chairman, president and chief executive officer of Best Products Co., Inc., professor of law at Washington & Lee School of Law and president of Washington & Lee University. Mr. Huntley serves as a director of 360 Communications Corporation.... Director since 1976." He continues as a director of Altria in 2003.
Director since 1999. Billie Jean King is a co-founder/ director of the DuPont WorldTeam Tennis. Her big thing is pushing the gay agenda. Note the stark contrast between the big corporate money available for this cause, versus absolutely nothing for smokers' rights. Also note the habitual media fawning over homosexuals, versus their day-in-and-day-out abuse and hectoring of smokers. She continues as a director of Altria in 2003.King / Business Week
"RUPERT MURDOCH Chairman and Chief Executive of The News Corporation
Limited, New York, NY, publishing, motion pictures, and television. Mr.
Murdoch became publisher of News Limited of Australia in 1954 and in
1959 assumed the position of chief executive of the subsequently formed
parent company, The News Corporation Limited, the interests of which
include TV Guide and Fox Broadcasting Company in the United States and
The Times and Sunday Times in the United Kingdom. He is a director of
MCI Communications Corporation and British Sky Broadcasting Group
plc.... Director since 1989." He left the board in 2002.
Fox News has spread lies against tobacco, defamed smokers, and suppressed the truth as much as the rest of the media. Murdoch's Corporate News Group is ranked as the 17th largest soft money donor to the Republican Party. Murdoch is also on the Board of Directors of the Cato Institute, which embraces the standard Lasker Syndicate line its reports on smoking and other health issues (e.g., Levy & Marimont).Murdoch / Democracy Now! Soft Money Donors
Murdoch is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, 2001.Murdoch / CFR Membership Roster 2001 (pdf, 19pp)
Ruport Murdoch is a Trustee of the Museum of Television and Radio.ABC, Hearst and Disney
Rupert Murdoch is an Overseer of the Weill Cornell Medical College,
along with Bush family friend Hushang
Ansary, and Robert A. Belfer of Enron fame.
"JOHN D. NICHOLS Retired; formerly, Chairman, Illinois Tool Works Inc., Glenview, Il., engineered components and industrial systems and consumables. Mr. Nichols retired as chairman of Illinois Tool Works Inc., in May 1996, a position he had held since 1986. He had been chief executive officer from 1982 to September 1995. He serves as a director of Grand Eagle Companies Inc., Household International Corporation, Rockwell International Corporation, Stone Container Corporation, and Junior Achievement of Chicago, as a trustee of the Chicago Community Trust, the Lyric Opera of Chicago, the Museum of Science and Industry, and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, as a member of the Board of Overseers for Harvard University, and as a chairman of the Art Institute of Chicago.... Director since 1992."
Illinois Tool Works, Household International, and Stone Container are in the core of the Illinois Interlock associated with investment banking firm William Blair & Co.
"RICHARD D. PARSONS President, Time Warner Inc.,
New York, NY media
and entertainment. Mr. Parsons assumed his present position in February
1995. Previously he had been chief executive officer of Dime Bancorp,
Inc. (formerly the Dime Savings Bank of New York, FSB), from July 1990,
having served as president and chief operating officer from July 1988.
He became chairman in 1991. From 1979 to July 1988, he had been a
partner in the law firm of Patterson, Belknap, Webb & Tyler. Mr.
Parsons also serves as a director of Citicorp,
the Federal National
Mortgage Association, Time Warner Inc., the Metropolitan Museum of Art,
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc., and the Rockefeller
Brothers Fund, and as a trustee of Howard University.... Director since
1990." [Until 2000] Time Inc. has peddled health fascism
since the 1920s.
Fellow directors of Time Warner included former US Trade Representative Carla A. Hills, who was a RAND trustee from 1983 to 1987; J. Richard Munro, the former Chairman and CEO of Time Inc. and director since 1978, who was a RAND Trustee from 1984 to 1994; Lawrence B. Buttenwieser, partner of Rosenman & Colin and a director of the elite General American Investors; Raymond S. Troubh, director of Petrie Stores and of GAI; and Donald S. Perkins, Time director since 1979 and also a director of AON, Cummins Engine Co., and Inland Steel. Michael A. Miles joined its board in 1995 after resigning as Chairman and CEO of Philip Morris.
"ROGER S. PENSKE Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Penske Corporation, transportation and automotive services, Penske Motorsports, Inc., Penske Truck Leasing Corporation and Detroit Diesel Corporation, Detroit, MI. Mr. Penske has been chairman and chief executive officer of Penske Corporation since 1969. He is also chairman and chief executive officer of Penske Motorsports, Inc., Detroit Diesel Corporation and Penske Truck Leasing Corporation. Mr. Penske serves as a director of General Electric Company and Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation, and as a trustee of the Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village.... Director since 1991." [Director until 1998]
He was also a director of Gulfstream Aerospace Corp., the manufacturer of corporate jets, since 1993. Other directors have included Donald Rumsfeld, Colin Powell, Henry Kissinger, and George P. Schultz.Gulfstream Aerospace Corp. 1999 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Penske was a director of Shearson Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. in
1992, along with Gerald R. Ford and James D. Robinson 3d (Shearson
Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. Form 10-K, Mar. 30, 1992.)
was a financial backer of Fred Malek's Thayer
Capital Partners. Malek was a director of ICF Inc., the EPA
contractor involved in the illegal pass-through contracts to
anti-smoking activists who were the real authors of the "EPA" report on
environmental tobacco smoke, which was
released at the end of the administration opf President George H.W.
Reed has been a director of Philip Morris/Altria from 1975 to 2003, and again since 2004. He is the former longtime Chairman and CEO of Citicorp and Citibank, since it was the First National City Bank, in 1965. He became co-CEO of CitiGroup with Sanford Weill when it merged with Travelers. Citibank's anti-smoking activism goes back at least to 1981, and they donate millions to the American Cancer Society. He was a trustee of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center since at least 1986 until 2002. Reed has been implicated in the OSS/CIA Project Hammer looted World War II gold and money laundering scheme. He was forced to testify to Congress about Citibank's drug money laundering in the 1990s as well (naturally, with no more consequence than a tsk, tsk).The John S. Reed Page
"STEPHEN M. WOLF Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of US Airways Group, Inc., Arlington, VA. Mr. Wolf assumed his present position in January 1996. Previously and from August 1994, he was senior advisor in the investment banking firm of Lazard Freres & Co. LLC. Previously and from 1987, he was chairman and chief executive officer of UAL Corporation and United Air Lines, Inc. He serves as a director of R.R. Donnelly & Sons Company and as a trustee of Northwestern University, the Brookings Institution and the Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center.... Director since 1993." He continues as a director of Altria in 2003.
Presentation to PMUSA, Dec. 2, 1999.
Philip Morris's chief in-house lobbyist, John Scruggs,
has employed Philip Prange [whose wife, Alison Prange, is Wisconsin
government relations director for the American Cancer Society]
to lobby for FDA regulation of tobacco. "Another recent addition is
Rick Kessler of Kessler Century Government Relations, whose connections
with the Ripon Society give him close ties to various moderate
Republicans in the House. And Peter Madigan, a former Reagan and elder
Bush White House official, is a newcomer to the tobacco lobby team at
Griffin, Johnson, Dover & Stewart, which Philip Morris has long had
on retainer. Philip Morris has a dozen other outside lobbyists, each
with certain key connections." "Scruggs entered politics 23 years ago
as an intern for a member of the House Rules Committee. There he met
then-Rep. Trent Lott (R-Miss.) and later became his floor assistant in
the House. In the Reagan White House lobby shop, Scruggs worked the
Hill with, among others, B. Oglesby, who went on to run RJR's lobby
shop. Scruggs joined Philip Morris in November 1998 as head of its
tobacco lobby shop after 13 years as a contract lobbyist with what
later became Black, Kelley, Scruggs & Healy (now BKSH &
Associates). Last year he was named chief lobbyist for its Kraft Foods
and Miller Brewing Co. units as well." He refused to renew PM's
contract with Charlie Rose and others. (Philip Morris at a Fork in
Tobacco Road. By T.R. Goldman. Influence, July 25, 2001.) Mississippi
lawyer Richard Scruggs, of that state's lawsuit against the tobacco
industry, is Lott's brother-in-law.
Lobbyist Profile: John F. Scruggs. Influence.biz.
In 1984, Scruggs was a lobbyist for Gold & Liebengood, Inc.
"John Scruggs. Mr. Scruggs was Assistant Secretary for Legislation at
the Department of Health and Human Services, a position to which he was
confirmed by the United States Senate. He resigned from that position
to join the firm in January. Previously, he served as Special Assistant
to the President for Legislative Affairs. Mr. Scruggs has also worked
for several senior House Republicans, and served on the staff of the
House Rules Committee. He is regarded as an expert on House rules and
procedures, and brings to the firm a rich array of relationships within
the House of Representatives as well as the Reagan Administration."
Partner Howard S. Liebengood was U.S. Senate Sergeant-at-Arms
from 1981, before joining the Tobacco Institute as executive vice
president. He and partner Martin B. Gold were staff members of the
Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. (Gold & Liebengood, Inc.
The Board of Directors of Philip Morris has kept the industry on its unswerving course of betrayal. The singular strategy of the so-called Public Affairs and Social Responsibility Committee for dealing with anti-smoker attacks is to flop abjectly on its belly and lick the anti-smokers' boots. None of them appears to have any expertise or interest in issues important to smokers. They have certainly failed to do even a marginally competent job in dealing with these issues.
EXAMPLE: Stockholder proposals, Proposal 1 - Environmental Tobacco Smoke. The Sisters of Charity of Saint Elizabeth of New Jersey parroted a concoction of the lies and defamations spewed by the anti-smokers' mass media whores, including the criminal pretense that anything bearing the slightest resemblance to disagreement is a thought crime, and that dispute constitutes a "coverup" (in contrast to the anti-smoking vermins' own tactic of the conspiracy of silence about their scientific frauds such as confounding by infection!); and demanded that the company create a propaganda program to further perpetuate these filthy lies.
And the company's sniveling response: "The policy of both Philip Morris U.S.A., our domestic tobacco company, and Philip Morris International, our international tobacco company, is to defer to the judgment of public health authorities as to the text of health warning messages that will best serve the public interest, including messages about exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). We support the dissemination of information from public health authorities regarding the reported health risks of ETS and have taken steps to provide such information to the public," and refer to their despicable website. (Incidentally, the website of the Sisters of Charity would instantly convince those who believe in the Illuminati that they are an order of Satan-worshippers, with its animated graphic of a crystal pyramid shooting colorful rays!)
EXAMPLE: PROPOSAL 5 - Inform Consumers about the Risks of Smoking, from Gregory N. Connolly, who also happens to be on the editorial board of the anti-smoker propaganda organ Tobacco Control, demanding that the hate propaganda on the cigarette package against the company's own product be more conspicuous. Once again, the PM board merely sniveled about defering to public health authorities, etc.Sisters of Charity website
FMR Corp. controlled 7.644% of Philip Morris stock in the 2001 reportPhilip Morris 2001 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
President-elect Louis C. Camilleri licks the boots of the lying, cheating, stealing, bloodsucking, anti-smoking vermin: "He also pointed out the very good progress being made towards aligning each of the operating company's respective products, advertising and marketing with societal [sic] expectations. 'We have undertaken a range of initiatives to address societal concerns, particularly in the field of Youth Smoking Prevention around the world,"' he sniveled. "Mr. Camilleri also spoke about continued efforts by the tobacco companies to develop products that reduce smokers' exposure to smoke constituents found to be harmful by the public health community," meaning that rotten little nest of vipers run by the Lasker Syndicate, who have systematically retarded and suppressed scientific progess for six decades by purposely using defective studies to falsely blame smoking (and other pretended "lifestyle risk factors") for diseases that are really caused by infection. And, Philip Morris shovels out millions of dollars on behalf of "Hunger" (to shill for Kraft Foods) and "Domestic Violence" (a concern for Miller Brewing, which they just sold to a South African firm), but not a penny for smokers' rights.2002 Annual Stockholder Meeting Highlights / Philip Morris (pdf, 2pp)
FMR Corp. controlled 7.06% of Philip Morris stock in the 2002 reportPhilip Morris 2002 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Contains the big lie that "Philip Morris and its rivals in the
tobacco industry were sued by the attorney-generals of 46 states after
evidence surfaced that the companies had suppressed information that
smoking tobacco causes lung cancer." In fact the anti-smokers have
indisputably controlled the research money, and they have suppressed
research and information, including purposely spreading this lie to
serve their racketeering purposes. Philip Morris is ranked as the
largest soft money donor to the Republican Party and the 20th largest
donor to the Democratic Party. (dead link
U.C.S.F. Chancellor Dr. Susan Desmond-Hellman held $134,000 worth of
stock in Altria,
which she donated to Stanton Glantz's tobacco
control center there. "'Let there be no
question: I am strongly antitobacco,' she said, adding that tobacco
company stock 'conflicts with our values.'" She claimed that she had
thought about disposing of it earlier but it slipped her mind because
she was busy running the university. (Chancellor's Slip Benefits
Tobacco Research. By Duff Wilson. New York Times, Jun. 30, 2010.) There
was no slip. The anti-smokers have controlled the tobacco companies all
along, using their financial power to elect anti-smoker directors, who
employ anti-smoker executives and lawyers, to ensure that the tobacco
companies never fight back. The proof of this is that the tobacco
industry lawyers have never, ever exposed the anti-smokers' deliberate
scientific fraud of using studies based on lifestyle questionnaires,
which ignore the role of infection, so that they can falsely blame
tobacco for diseases that are really caused by infection. They are
guilty of flagrant fraud for ignoring more than 50 studies, which show
that human papillomaviruses cause over ten times more lung cancers than they pretend are caused by