Albert Lasker Before 1940

The anti-smoking conspiracy began over a century ago. Skull & Bones members ring-led the creation of the American Tobacco Trust, to gather all the companies under anti-smoker control. But they knew that they couldn't just take over the tobacco companies and shut them down, because others would simply enter the field. So, they also created and built up enemies to persecute tobacco, particlarly the American Cancer Society, the Harvard School of Public Health, and the American Heart Association, and used these as proxies to create and control the federal health establishment (the National Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute, et al.) to manufacture fraudulent pseudo-science to deceive the public at taxpayer expense. The anti-smoker-controlled tobacco companies merely put up a phony pretense of fighting the anti-smoker-controlled "health" lobbies, and purposely throw lawsuits (that is, to those brought by the "right" plaintiffs) in order to financially intimidate potential entrants away from the tobacco industry.

Albert D. Lasker's family had close ties to Skull & Bones which date from before 1883. Albert D. Lasker's advertising agency, Lord & Thomas, handled the American Tobacco Company's advertising campaigns for Lucky Strikes in the 1920s and 1930s. The Lasker family were also major benefactors since at least 1921 of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, which was the predecessor of the American Cancer Society. In the 1940s, a group led by Mr. and Mrs. Lasker took over the ASCC and renamed it. The anti-smoking persecution was instigated by Mary Woodard Lasker, the longtime head of the ACS and the most powerful health lobbyist in history, who exercised dictatorial control over the U.S. health establishment through her lobby in Congress. Albert D. Lasker's son, Edward Lasker, worked for a subsidiary of American Tobacco in London in the 1930s, and he was a very close friend of Joseph Cullman Jr. since that era. The takeover of Philip Morris by an investor group of which the Cullman brothers were members was financed by J. Russell Forgan (who later wrote the act creating the Central Intelligence Agency), and Edward Lasker was a director of Philip Morris for twenty years.

Albert Lasker was the son of Morris Lasker, who was the brother of Eduard Lasker, Prussian National Liberal Party Member of Parliament, and the author of Bismarck's plan for the unification of Germany around Prussia. Eduard Lasker was a good friend of Andrew Dickson White, a very powerful member of the Yale secret society Skull and Bones, and of members of the German revolutionary movement. In the 1870s, Morris Lasker was a partner of Marx & Kempner, who were Marx Marx and Harris Kempner. Morris Lasker had interests in the cotton business and was president of the Galveston Cotton Exchange. (Morris Lasker, The Handbook of Texas Online.) Morris Lasker died in 1916. He "was in the mercantile business in Georgia for three years, and then came to Texas, settling in Weatherford, where he engaged in many expediations against the Indians," before settling in Galveston. (Morris Lasker Dead. New York Times, Feb. 29, 1916.)

Morris Lasker / The Handbook of Texas Online

Eduard Lasker was among a party of German financiers who traveled around the United States after attending the ceremony opening the Northern Pacific Railroad in Seattle. Dr. Lasker visited his brother in Galveston, and was serenaded by the local prominent citizens, including Gen. A.G. Malloy, Col. S.M. Mansfield, Messrs. Julius Runge, Albert Weis, L. Block, J. Rosenfield, M. Quin, J.J. Hand, A. Bardish, C.G. Clifford and Sylvain Blum. He planned to stay in Galveston about six weeks. (Herr Lasker Serenaded. Galveston Daily News, Oct. 12, 1883.) Morris and Eduard made a short trip together to San Antonio. (Personal. Galveston Daily News, Nov. 7, 1883.) Eduard was toasted and made a speech at the Casino society there. (From San Antonio. Galveston Daily News, Nov. 10, 1883.) Another brother, Julius Lasker, was a commission merchant in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. (From Pneumonia. San Antonio Light, Mar. 12, 1891; Death of Julius Lasker. San Antonio Daily Express, Mar. 15, 1891.)

When Harris Kempner died in 1894, his oldest son, Isaac Herbert Kempner, took over Harris Kempner's banking, insurance, railway, and cotton interests. Isaac married Henrietta Blum, and Isaac Herbert Kempner Jr. was a founding board member of the Harris & Eliza Kempner Fund.

Galveston, Texas / Nostalgiaville
Founding Board / Kempner Fund
Harris Kempner / The Handbook of Texas Online
Isaac Herbert Kempner / The Handbook of Texas Online
Isaac Leon Blum / The Handbook of Texas Online

The Lasker family, including Albert D. Lasker, his mother Nettie, brother Edward (President of the Texas Star Flour Mills in Galveston), and sisters Florina, Loula, and Etta (Mrs. Samuel J. Rosensohn) donated $50,000 to the American Society for the Control of Cancer, in honor of his brother, Harry M. Lasker, who died of cancer in March 1921. ($50,000 to Fight Cancer. Washington Post, Feb. 28, 1922.) In 1919, Harry M. Lasker financed the purchase of automobiles from companies "other than Ford." (Display Ad 243. New York Times, Oct. 12, 1919.) Harry M. Lasker's son of the same name was a lieutenant in the US Air Force who died in Whitehorse, Yukon Territory, Canada during World War II. (Deaths. New York Times, Oct. 23, 1943); and his son, Judge Morris E. Lasker, was the father of Wisconsin lawyer David Edward Lasker. Harry M. Lasker III was on the faculty of the Harvard Graduate School of Education from 1972 to 1987, and "was actively involved with the development of Sesame Street and other national programs developed by the Children's Television Workshop."

Albert D. Lasker's brother Edward was a non-graduate of the Yale class of 1897, and a law graduate of Columbia University. He was in the flour-milling business in Texas until about 1906, when he came to New York City. He lived in the Hotel Pierre. (Edward Lasker Dies in Hotel Apartment. New York Times, Aug. 9, 1936; Bulletin of Yale University. Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased During the Year 1936-1937, p 259.)

Obituary Record 1936-1937 / Yale University Library (pdf, 269 pp)

Albert Lasker had been a Republican ever since working on the congressional campaign of Galveston sugar merchant R.B. Hawley in 1896. He was a founder of the Theodore Roosevelt Society, and until World War II, a militant isolationist. In 1917, Lasker was assistant to the secretary of agriculture during the administration of Woodrow Wilson; chairman of the United States Shipping Board in the Harding administration from 1921-23; and in 1940 was a delegate to the Republican National Convention and floor manager for its nominee Wendell Wilkie. In 1928, Albert Lasker gave the University of Chicago medical faculty $1 million to study aging, geriatrics, and degenerative diseases. He was a trustee of the university from 1937 to 1942. A fellow benefactor of the University, Max Epstein of the General American Tank Car Co., later helped introduce him to Mary Woodard Lasker. Robert Maynard Hutchins, the president and later chancellor of the University of Chicago from 1929 until 1951, was a member of the advisory committee of Yale's Institute of Human Relations, and later served with Albert Lasker's crony Paul G. Hoffman in the Ford Foundation and its Fund for the Republic.

The University of Chicago and its Donors, 1889-1930 / University of Chicago

The Shipping Board

When the Van Camp canning company couldn't pay its bill to Lord & Thomas, Lasker and four other large creditors took it over. One of these was Indiana banker William G. Irwin, later a Republican National Committeeman from Indiana, who introduced him to Will H. Hays, who recruited him to the Republican National Committee. From there, he was appointed to the Shipping Board, which had been rocked by scandal dating from the Wilson Administration. Indiana banker William Glanton Irwin was the original financier of Cummins Engine Company.

The Saga of Hog Island, 1917-1921: The Story of the First Great War Boondoggle, by James J. Martin. During the First World War, it was proposed that the government embark on a massive program to build more ships. It is a now-familiar story of the government contractors raking in vast sums of money, while producing virtually nothing. The American International Corporation created for the purpose "boasted of a board of directors which read like a Who's Who of American industry and finance. It had an interlocking relationship with a bewildering variety of subsidiaries and related firms, while its ties with a legion of subcontractors and materials suppliers during the Hog Island shipyard and ship construction days created such a maze that a veritable regiment of auditors was never able to lay out the situation in any clear way to the satisfaction of any students or investigators of this incredible business. Among its directors were Frank A. Vanderlip, President of the National City Bank of New York, Theodore N. Vail, President of American Telephone and Telegraph, Robert Dollar and TP Grace, shipping line magnates, Percy A. Rockefeller, Pierre S. du Pont, J. Ogden Armour, Robert S. Lovett, William E. Corey, Otto H. Kahn, C.A. Coffin, John D. Ryan, W.S. Saunders, G.L. Tripp, A.H. Wiggin, T.A. Stillman, H.F. Herrick, Beekman Winthrop, Edward S. Webster and Charles Augustus Stone.... Where Gillen and other witness admitted to lapses which amounted to $2 billion, Albert D. Lasker, who assumed the direction of the Shipping Board under President Harding, on July 16, 1921 declared that the total government 'loss' on the ship construction, operation and leasing activities during the World War came to $4,000,000,000--double the figure originally thought. But apparently everyone involved agreed to let bygones be bygones, and a bipartisan attitude of myopia and forgetfulness attended the end of the Shipping Board investigation. Lasker also announced that no one in particular was to blame, and the four billion dollars could be charged off to 'incompetence,' while he was simultaneously telling the nation that Shipping Board losses for the fiscal year which had just ended on July 1, 1921 amounted to an aditional $280,000,000.... In the liberal monopolized textbook-writing industry in the almost 60 years since the end of the First World War we have been doused with oceans of stale indignation and feigned moralization about the few million dollars involved in the scandals of the Harding Administration. The billions involved in the defense and war construction scandals of the preceding Wilson Administration have disappeared from the story and the broad general record without a trace." [In 1912, director John D. Ryan was a financial backer of the Tobacco Products Corporation, which bought Philip Morris.]

Martin / Blancmange.net

The American International Corporation was used to finance the Bolshevik Revolution in the USSR (Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution, by Antony C. Sutton. Chapter VIII, 120 Broadway, New York City.)

Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution / Reformed Theology

"Miss Elizabeth C. Stone of New York, daughter of Melville E. Stone, General Manager of the Associated Press, named the 6,200-ton cargo carrier launched at Hog Island today American Press as a tribute to the loyalty of newspapers during the war." Assisted by AIC President Matthew C. Brush, she drove a couple of rivets as well. Members of the launch party included seven other members of the Stone family. (Launch cargo carrier named American Press. New York Times, Dec. 24, 1919, p. 4.) Matthew C. Brush, Vice President of AIC in 1918 and President in 1923, was also a director of General American Investors, Inc.

The Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation's audio of Albert Lasker's address to the Red Cross in 1936, with introduction by John Barton Payne. They sound stewed. Note that the Lasker Foundation incorrectly states that President Harding established the Shipping Board, and that Lasker was its first head.

Albert Lasker Addresses the American Red Cross / The Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation

Rear Admiral William S. Benson, retired Chief of Naval Operations (1915-19), was evidently the functional head of the Shipping Board from 1920 to 1928. He was Commander of the Philadelphia Navy Yard from 1913 to 1915.

Admiral William S. Benson, USN (1855-1932) / Naval Historical Center
William Shepherd Benson / Arlington National Cemetery
Who's Who - William Benson / First World War.com

Benson's predecessor as Chairman of the Shipping Board was Chicago railroad attorney John Barton Payne, who subsequently became Chairman of the Red Cross, and a member of the advisory committee of Yale's Institute of Human Relations.

Some of Albert D. Lasker's other business connections from the 1920s:

J. Ogden Armour

Armour, of the Chicago meat packing firm, along with chewing gum magnate William Wrigley, were Lasker's partners in their purchase of the Chicago Cubs baseball team in 1916. Armour was a director of National City Bank and American International Corporation.

John Hertz

Albert Lasker suffered little damage in the 1929 stock market crash because of John Hertz, of Yellow Cab and Hertz car rental fame, to whom he was so close that they had a joint stock account. "This was largely because John Hertz, with stunning intuition, guessed what was going to happen and sold some of their holdings just before the market collapsed. He was in the nick of time. Lasker, in truth, did not want to sell; Hertz overrode him and in fact went to his comptroller in the Lord & Thomas offices and arranged to liquidate some of his holdings without even letting him know." (From: Taken at the Flood, The Story of Albert D. Lasker, by John Gunther. Harper & Brothers, 1960.)

General Motors bought the Yellow Cab Manufacturing Company in 1926, and Hertz joined GM's Board of Directors. He became a major partner in Lehman Brothers in 1933, and served until 1961. During World War II, he was on the staff of Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson as his expert advisor on wheeled vehicles. He later served as a director of the Arthritis and Rheumatism Foundation and a trustee of the Lovelace Foundation for Medical Education and Research.

John Daniel Hertz and Fannie Kesner Hertz bio / Hertz Foundation

David Sarnoff

David Sarnoff, president / chairman of the board of RCA from 1930 to 1970; formed NBC in 1926 after acquiring AT&T's broadcasting assets, and RKO motion pictures. Sarnoff was a close friend of the Laskers, who met Albert Lasker during a publicity cruise on the SS Leviathan during Lasker's tenure on the Shipping Board. Lasker bought a large amount of RCA stock, whose rise in value largely paid for his mansion in Lake Forest, Il. Lasker's friend Lewis L. Strauss of Kuhn, Loeb was a director of RCA.

David Sarnoff biography / Museum of Broadcasting

Sarnoff was a member of President Eisenhower's Arden House group of policy makers.

The President's Commission on Heart Disease, Cancer and Stroke, 1964

Members of the 1964 President's Commission on Heart Disease, Cancer, and Stroke included Florence Mahoney and other prominent Lasker associates (Dr. R. Lee Clark, Emerson Foote, Dr. Sidney Farber, Mrs. Harry Truman, Gen. David Sarnoff, Dr. Irving S. Wright) to the panel, chaired by Dr. Michael DeBakey. Dr. Maureen Henderson was on the staff, and Abraham Lilienfeld was the staff director. The Commission promoted the legislation for the Regional Medical Programs, where the Office on Smoking and Health was first established.

President's Commission, 1964 / tobacco document

The anti-smokers accused Sarnoff of "greed, cowardice, [and] lack of real leadership": "CIGARET SCANDAL. Profits vs. public health. Tobacco, advertising, television, tax-bureau interests smother public health voices. Greed, cowardice, lack of real leadership produces vicious pact between business interests and politicians. Tobacco lobby killed $1.9 million program sponsored by the U.S. Public Health Service to educate teen-agers against dangers of smoking. President's Commission on Heart Disease, Cancer & Stroke voted overwhelmingly to recommend law requiring health warning in all cigaret advertising. Resolution killed by Commission member David Sarnoff, RCA chairman threatened to appeal directly to President Johnson if resolution passed. Said it would cost him his job at RCA (parent company of NBC-TV, which grosses $30 million annually in cigaret advertising). Sarnoff's argument against resolution: 'Maybe it's better to lose your lungs than to lose your freedom.' Commission members shocked. Believe Sarnoff should not have accepted assignment on President's Commission. Having accepted, should have subordinated personal interests. Sarnoff should resign from Commission immediately. Consensus of other members guarantees passage of resolution if it is introduced." (The Gallagher Report, Nov. 18, 1964. In: Cigarette Tow Newsletter, Dec. 15, 1964.)

Gallagher Report, 1964 / tobacco document

Sarnoff told his side of the story to Robert B. Walker of American Tobacco, when they met on a plane: "The General was pleased with my comment, but he made it clear that his position did not stem from the fact that the tobacco industry was a big advertiser on NBC; rather, he said he was a champion of the free enterprise system and against what he referred to as 'fanatics'.... Part of the report drafted by Foote was so unacceptable to General Sarnoff in its condemnation of the cigarette industry in the statement that 'cigarettes cause death,' and further - if I understood him correctly - cigarette smoking and advertising should be outlawed, that he locked horns with Foote. He said that these statements were uncalled for, referred to them as the work of a fanatic." He threatened to resign, or else to refuse to sign the report and submit a very strong dissenting opinion.

"General Sarnoff then made the point that all the discussion and everything to do with the work of the Committee was to be held highly confidential and was not to pass beyond this 'closed door' behind which the Committee met. Subsequent to this, his office began to receive telephone calls from writers of I.F. Stone's Weekly, the Gallagher Report, and Advertising Age asking for comment on his part with regard to the disagreement which they had learned about. Sarnoff declined to make any comment, and was furious to think that news of what had transpired had leaked. He put 'his own people' to work on it to trace the leak and they reported to him that the leak came through Foote. He has, therefore, put the stamp of distrust and dishonesty on Foote and has debated whether to a. Issue a statement regarding his position; or b. Talk to President Johnson about Foote. He has not reached a decision, but declared Foote as an arch-enemy, and then asked for my opinion and what I knew about Foote."

Walker said that he "suspected that [Foote] was operating under the aegis of Mrs. Albert Lasker whose husband also accumulated a great deal of wealth through his association with American Tobacco particularly in the days of Lord & Thomas which was owned by Albert Lasker and which handled all cigarette advertising for American Tobacco.

"At this point General Sarnoff interrupted me to say that he and Mrs. Sarnoff had been for many years very dear friends of Mary Lasker. He too felt that Foote was operating under her aegis and he intended to see her with respect to Foote whom she was encouraging and whom he again referred to as a fanatic.

"He made the further point that he had every reason to be on the team that fought cancer as his own wife had undergone surgery for cancer five years ago (removal of a breast) and is considered to be cured; also, his brother died at the age of 60 of cancer. In any event, he said he was going to straighten out Mary Lasker's thinking or they would no longer be friends." (Walker Memorandum Re: Talk With General David Sarnoff, Dec. 2, 1964.)

Walker Memorandum, 1964 / tobacco document

We should be so lucky as to have this kind of leadership today. While gibbering rabid accusations against business interests who resist their fascist proposals, the anti-smokers gloss over their own powerful lobby, which has misused vast sums from the taxpayers for their own political purposes, who instigated the creation of this Commission in the first place, and who endeavored to stack it with nothing but fanatics and lackeys. It was not the business interests they besmirch, but the anti-smokers, who turned America into a giant Tuskegee Experiment by suppressing research on infection.

The Foreman Bank

"In 1931, the great Foreman Bank in Chicago got into severe difficulties. Lasker was intimately connected with this institution; several members of the Foreman family were his cronies, he had $2,000,000 on deposit there, and, above all, his daughter Mary had married Gerhard Foreman, a youthful member of the clan, in 1927... To help save it, Lasker made his whole $2,000,000 account available to the family; the attempt failed, and he lost every nickel of the two million... Lasker, [John] Hertz, McCulloch, and William Wrigley, Jr., were all directors of Foreman. If this bank should close its doors (it was the third largest in the city) thousands of men and women would be ruined and there would certainly be a panic in Chicago, and perhaps throughout the nation. At the last minute it was taken over by the First National Bank of Chicago and catastrophe was averted... Lasker then became a director of First National, and had a cordial relationship with it for many years." (From Taken at the Flood. The Story of Albert D. Lasker. By John Gunther. Harper and Brothers, 1960.) Hertz, Lasker, and Charles A. McCulloch, Chairman of the John R. Thompson Co., were directors of the First National in 1932-33, joining Lasker's old friend Philip D. Block of Inland Steel; former Wisconsin Governor Walter J. Kohler Sr.; Col. Robert R. McCormick of the Chicago Tribune; and Marvin Hughitt Jr., son of the Blackstone Zionist financier. (Display Ad 11. Chicago Daily Tribune, Jan. 2, 1932 p. 16; Display Ad 23. Chicago Daily Tribune, Jul. 8, 1933 p. 23.) Walter J. Kohler Jr. also became a governor of Wisconsin, as well as a leading official of the American Cancer Society.

James Middleton Cox

Cox was the former governor of Ohio and owned the Cox Newpaper chain. Mary Lasker's friend Florence Mahoney married his ex-son-in-law Daniel Mahoney, the president of Cox. Albert Lasker became friends with Cox and the Mahoneys after the 1920 presidential election, when Harding beat Cox. Cox was reportedly the only Democrat Lasker would allow at his parties in Chicago.

Paul G. Hoffman

Paul Gray Hoffman was a junior member of the staff of Albert Russell Erskine, the head of Studebaker, when he and Albert Lasker first met. Eventually, Hoffman became president of the Studebaker Corporation; president of the Committee for Economic Development, administrator of the Marshall Plan from 1935 to 1948; and president of the Ford Foundation from 1953 to 1956. He was a delegate to the United Nations from 1956 to 1957, and managing director of the UN Special Fund (later called the UN Development Program) from 1959 to 1972. His first wife Dorothy Brown died in 1961, and he married Mary Lasker's close friend Anna Lederer Rosenberg in 1963. He was also an officer of the OSS.

Field, Glore & Co., Lehman Brothers, Goldman, Sachs & Co, and Hayden, Stone & Co. underwrote the reorganization of Studebaker and installed Paul G. Hoffman as its president. (Studebaker Plans Approved By Court. New York Times, Jan. 29, 1935.) Charles F. Glore of Field, Glore and John Hertz of Lehman Brothers joined the Studebaker board. (Join Studebaker Board. New York Times, Sep. 29, 1935.) Field retired from banking in 1935. (Marshall Field to Leave Banking. New York Times, Jun. 29, 1935.) Field, Glore changed its name to Glore, Forgan in 1937. (Banking Firm to Change. New York Times, Dec. 22, 1936.) Its chairman, James Russell Forgan, who became a partner in 1930, served in the European theater of the Office of Strategic Services during World War II, and was chairman of the two committees that prepared the planning documents for the creation of the C.I.A. He was a 1922 Graduate of Princeton. (J. Russell Forgan Dead At 73; Banker Was Official of O.S.S. New York Times, Feb. 1, 1974.) Field, Glore & Co. financed Tobacco & Allied Stocks in 1929. In 1941, Joseph F. Cullman Jr. bought control of Benson & Hedges stock from Tobacco and Allied Stocks, and in 1942 was elected Chairman of the Board of Benson & Hedges (Elected to Chairmanship Of Benson & Hedges. New York Times, Feb. 12, 1942.) In 1953, the boards of directors of Benson & Hedges and Philip Morris agreed to a merger of the two firms. Glore, Forgan & Co. and Lehman Brothers continued to finance Philip Morris, and Forgan attended its board meetings in 1959. Edward Lasker joined the board of Philip Morris in 1960. He was an old friend of the Cullmans.

The 1928 Lasker Foundation for Medical Research at the University of Chicago

"An initial gift of $1,000,000 was made by Albert D. and Flora W. Lasker on Jan. 7 to establish the Foundation whose program at present is to be an attack on the degenerative diseases. The Advisory Committee is composed of Dr. F.C. McLean, Chairman of the Department of Medicine at the University of Chicago; Dr. D.B. Phemister, Chairman of the Department of Surgery; Dr. A.J. Carlson, Chairman of the Department of Physiology; Dr. H.G. Wells, Chairman of the Department of Pathology; Alfred E. Cohn of the Rockefeller Institute; and Mr. Lasker." (First Lasker Study to be Bright's Disease. New York Times, Jan. 28, 1928, pg 5.) Lasker was a trustee of the University from 1937 to 1942. Robert Maynard Hutchins was president and later chancellor of the University of Chicago from 1929 until 1951, when he became associate director of the Ford Foundation, with Lasker's old crony, Paul Hoffman.

The Times later did a big spread on the Lasker Foundation (Science Attacks Slow Ills of Old Age. By Eunice Fuller Barnard. New York Times, Feb. 12, 1928, pg 134.) It featured a picture of two teenagers, and claimed that slouching was a sign of "later development of chronic disease," while a stilted and artificial pose like that which the rich people favor in their inbred show animals was a sign of health. [It is surely familiar to many generations of Americans, and it is nice to know where this stupid nonsense came from!] Assorted pooh-bahs of the health establishment rendered their opinions, including Alfred E. Cohn; Dr. Eugene Lyman Fisk, who was quoted at length; E.W. Knopf and Louis I. Dublin of Metropolitan Life Insurance Co.; Dr. Louis L. Harris, Health Commissioner of New York City; Dr. Wendell C. Phillips, former President of the American Medical Assoication; and Dr. C. Ward Crampton of the Post Graduate Medical School and Hospital. Crampton was the author of The cigarette, the soldier, and the physician. The Military Surgeon 1941 Jul;89(1).

Crampton - The Military Surgeon 1941 full article / tobacco document

A.J. Carlson and H. Gideon Wells were both teachers of Dr. Evarts A. Graham.

Anton Julius Carlson

Carlson was active in the American Physiology Society between 1904 and 1950. (10th APS President (1923-1925) Anton Julius Carlson (1875-1956.)

Anton Julius Carlson / American Physiological Society

Carlson allegedly tampered with a research paper by Ernest L. Scott in a manner which discounted Scott's discovery of the role of elevated levels of sugar in diabetes. In 1922, Frederick Banting "reproduced Scott's experiments more fully and identified insulin as the active internal pancreatic secretion," which led to Banting's 1932 Nobel Prize. (Ernest Lyman Scott Papers, 1897-1966. National Library of Medicine.)

Ernest Lyman Scott Papers, 1897-1966 / National Library of Medicine

In 1948, Dr. Anton J. Carlson testified on behalf of the Federal Trade Commission in "United States of America Before Federal Trade Commission, Docket Number 4922 in the Matter of P. Lorillard Company, Inc. Brief of Counsel Supporting the Complaint." "P. Lorillard Company, Inc., have been charged under section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act with false and misleading advertising in connection with the sale and distribution of Sensation Cigarettes, Beech-Nut Cigarettes, Old Gold Cigarettes and Friends Smoking Tobacco, so as to constitute unfair methods of competition and unfair and deceptive acts and practices in commerce." This was a fatuous complaint in view of the facts that irration is subjective, brands of cigarettes do vary in their harshness, and consumers had free choice both of brands and of how far down they smoked their cigarettes. A more interesting question is, "Who pulled the political strings to initiate this inquisiton?" William D. McNally, whose earlier anti-tobacco work had been funded by Reginald Auchincloss, was also a witness for the F.T.C.

FTC Dockett No. 4922, 1948 / tobacco document

Alfred Einstein Cohn

Alfred E. Cohn (1879-1957) was one of the first cardiologists in the US. He joined the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research in 1911, and a few years later became leader of the laboratory and clinical service devoted to heart disease until retiring in 1944. He was involved in the New York Heart Association, New York Academy of Medicine, Veterans Administration, China Medical Board, Asia Institute, Sydenham Hospital, and the Committee for Displaced Foreign Scholars and Displaced Foreign Physicians. (Alfred E. Cohn Papers, 1900-(1920-1954)-1980. Rockefeller University Archives.) He was a member of the Board of Governors of the New York Heart Association. (New York Heart Association Appeals for Aid in Its Work. New York Times, Dec. 21, 1924.) In 1925 he was visiting professor at Union Medical College, Peking, China. During World War II he was a special advisor to the Board of Economic Welfare. (Alfred Einstein Cohn. College of Physicians and Surgeons Obituary Database.)

Alfred E. Cohn Papers / Rockefeller University
Alfred E. Cohn obituary / Columbia University

Cohn's friends included Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter; Dr. Peyton Rous; Melville H. Cane, New York lawyer who was a boyhood friend and was the executor of his estate; Dr. Henry A. Murray, Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard; and Dr. Detlev Bronk, head of the Rockefeller Institute. He left the Rockefeller Institute his library of 6,000 volumes. (Friends Honor Dr. A.E. Cohn at Library Dedication. New York Times Dec. 4, 1959.)

Franklin Chambers McLean

"In 1914, McLean joined the staff of the Rockefeller Institute in New York. While there he formed close relationships with Alfred E. Cohn, Donald D. Van Slyke, and Rufus Cole as well as meeting Abraham Flexner and Simon Flexner." In 1916, he was placed in charge of the Rockefeller Foundation-sponsored Peking Union Medical College. In 1923 he was invited to direct the new medical school being planned at the University of Chicago, which opened in 1927. McLean was a correspondent of Donald E. Baxter, who had been a medical missionary in China and founded the company which became Baxter International; and of Harold Loucks, who was chairman of the Department of Surgery at Peking Union and later a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and presumably a relative of Baxter International's former CEO, Vernon R. Loucks Jr., Skull & Bones Class of 1957.

Guide to the Franklin C. McLean Papers / University of Chicago

Dallas B. Phemister

(A Biography of Dallas B. Phemister, MD. By Jack D. McCarthy. University of Chicago Surgical Society.)

Dallas B. Phemister / Surgical Society, University of Chicago

H. Gideon Wells, Yale 1895

In 1914, H. Gideon Wells and Ludwig Hektoen were heads of the Research Department at Presbyterian Hospital, with Dr. Frank Billings head of the medical staff, and Dr. Arthur D. Bevan head of the department of surgery. (Chicago Houses Medical Marvels on the West Side. By Henry M. Hyde. Chicago Tribune, May 8, 1914.)

In 1928, the American Public Health Association appointed a committee of prominent physicians to form a cancer clinic in Chicago to serve the midwest. They were Dr. Herman Bundesen, president of the American Public Health Association; Dr. Frank Billings; Dr. L.L. McArthur, Dr. Frank Morton, Dr. H. Gideon Wells, Dr. J.E. Tuite, Dr. Ludwig Hektoen, Surgeon General Hugh S. Cumming, and Dr. William A. Pusey. They were appointed by a committee composed of Dr. Charles Mayo, Dr. Joseph C. Bloodgood, professor of Surgery at Johns Hopkins University; Dr. William Carpenter McCarty, pathologist, Mayo Clinic; Gen. Cumming; Dr. Maude Slye, associate professor of pathology, University of Chicago; and Dr. George A. Soper, managing director of the American Society for the Control of Cancer. "They declared heredity a dominating factor in cancer," along with some platitudes about education. (Cancer Experts Marshall Forces to Halt Disease. Chicago Daily Tibune, Oct. 18, 1928.)

Wells and Hektoen were members of the Board of Directors of the American Society for the Control of Cancer in 1936. Clarence Cook Little was the Managing Director, James Ewing, who accompanied Little to testify for the National Cancer Act of 1937, was Chairman. Winthrop W. Aldrich (Nelson A. Rockefeller's uncle); Haven Emerson, Professor of Public Health at Columbia University and member of the advisory board of Yale's Institute of Human Relations; Samuel Clark Harvey, Chairman of Surgery at Yale and a longtime crony of Harvey Cushing; Frederick L. Hoffman, Prudential Life Insurance statistician; Thomas Parran, who became Surgeon General from 1936 to 1948; and Stanley P. Reimann and Edwin B. Wilson, future members of the Tobacco Industry Research Council, were also directors.

ASCC, 1936 / tobacco document

Harry Gideon Wells (1875-1943), Ph.B. Yale 1895, was a member of the faculty of the University of Chicago from 1900 until his death. He was president of the American Association for Cancer Research 1915-16 and 1920-21; on the advisory council of Phipps Institute of Philadelphia 1911-43, and the committee on medicine of the National Research Council 1911-31. (Bulletin of Yale University, Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased During the Year 1942-1943, pp 184-185.)

Obituary Record 1942-1943 / Yale University Library (pdf, 312 pp)

(Harry Gideon Wells 1875-1943. By Esmond R. Long. Biographical Memoires, National Academy of Sciences, 1951.)

Harry Gideon Wells 1875-1943 / National Academies Press (pdf, 33 pp)

Lord & Thomas Connections

Gordon Auchincloss 2d

Before World War II, Gordon Auchincloss II solicited and received amateur tennis player Donald Budge's approval for a tribute broadcast on 'Your Hit Parade,' which was sponsored by ads for the American Tobacco Company's Lucky Strike cigarette brand. (Gordon Auchincloss 2nd to Donald Budge, July 30, 1938.) Auchincloss was on the distribution list of the Lord & Thomas advertising agency in 1938 and 1941, the latter with Ed Lasker on the letterhead, regarding meetings with officials of the American Tobacco Company. Anti-smoker Emerson Foote was present at the 1941 meeting. (Lord & Thomas Contact Reports, Apr. 12, 1938 and Mar. 11, 1941.) During World War II, he contributed ideas to an O.S.S. propaganda radio station which broadcast disinformation from an American-occupied villa near Kunming, China. (Battles of Belief in World War II. American Radio Works.) After the war, anti-smoker George Seldes raked the American Tobacco Company over the coals for its $3 million newspaper advertising campaign for Lucky Strikes. (George Seldes on Tobacco. Brass Check.com.) Gordon Auchincloss 2d's first wife was Jane Harper Sibley, daughter of Harper Sibley. (Miss Jane Sibley Wed to Gordon Auchincloss 2d. New York Times, Jun. 12, 1938.) Gordon Auchincloss 2d was the son of U.S. Rep. James Coats Auchincloss, R-NJ, who served from 1942 to 1965; and the nephew of Gordon Auchincloss (Scroll and Key 1908), who as Undersecretary of State to James Lansing laid the groundwork for the central intelligence organization U-1.

Auchincloss to Budge, 1938 / tobacco document
Donald Budge Tribute, 1938 / tobacco document
Lord & Thomas Contact Report, Apr. 12, 1941 / tobacco document
Lord & Thomas Contact Report, Mar. 11, 1941 / tobacco document
Battles of Belief in World War II / American Radio Works
George Seldes on Tobacco 3 / Brass Check.com

William Benton

William Benton is credited with originating modern techniques of polling while employed at Lord & Thomas. "After quitting Lord & Thomas, Benton founded Benton & Bowles in partnership with Chester Bowles, became publisher of the Encyclopedia Britannica, and later rose to be Assistant Secretary of State and Senator from Connecticut, amongst much else." Albert Lasker was "the single largest contributor to Benton's campaign when he ran for Senator." (Taken at the Flood. The Story of Albert D. Lasker. By John Gunther. Harper & Brothers, 1960.

Emerson Foote

Emerson Foote joined Lord & Thomas in 1936. He was president of Foote, Cone & Belding, which was formed when Lasker left Lord & Thomas in 1942. He became involved with the American Cancer Society in 1948, and was a major anti-smokign activist through the 1960s.

George Washington Hill

(Late in 1923) "The New York office of Lord & Thomas had done substantial business before the war, but was much reduced in strength. Now a man named Lou Hartman, who has a prosperous agency of his own in New York today, came to Lord & Thomas in New York and brought with him a small American Tobacco account for one of its cigarettes known as Blue Boar. Hartman worked at a complicated and ingenious scheme whereby the manufacturer, in order to attract sales, made up to the dealer the amount of federal tax on each pack of cigarettes. Blue Boar business rose steeply in consequence, and the American Tobacco people wondered if the same process could not be extended to Lucky Strike.

"The President of the American Tobacco Company was Percival Hill. His son, George Washington Hill, was in charge of advertising for the company. Hartman knew both well. Lasker, eager for the Lucky Strike account, came to New York, and Hartman asked him to lunch at the Hotel Vanderbilt (which had just been opened) to meet the Hills. A.D. at once opened up on them by saying that they must stop frittering away their advertising on a variety of small accounts - all their minor brands - and throw everything into one gigantic effort to build up Lucky Strikes. Otherwise, they would be drowned by Chesterfield and Camel. The Hills were much impressed by Lasker's line of thought, and before lunch was over proffered him the Lucky Strike account." (From Taken at the Flood. The Story of Albert D. Lasker. By John Gunther. Harper and Brothers, 1960.)

Thomas Logan

Thomas F. Logan was a close friend of David Sarnoff, and his agency handled RCA's advertising (and created Sarnoff's heroic biographical myths), as well as that of General Electric, Anaconda Copper (now Anaconda Minerals), the New York Central, and Cities Service. The Logan agency was merged with Lord & Thomas in 1926.

James Gamble Rogers, Scroll & Key 1931

Rogers' Scroll & Key classmates included James Ramsay Hunt Jr. [who became a top C.I.A. offical, and whose father, Dr. J. Ramsay Hunt, was the famous neurosurgeon - which may have led directly to U.S. intelligence techniques for torture that doesn't leave any marks], George Washington Hill Jr. [who was tapped by Thomas Curtis Schwartzburg of Milwaukee, Wis.], Lyttleton Fox Jr., Ethan Allen Hitchcock, John Holbrook, Donald Roderick McLennan, Rowland Stebbins Jr, and Ezekial Gilbert Stoddard. Reeve Schley [Jr.] went to Wolf's Head, Frederick Copeland Hixon [nephew of Robert Hixon, S&B 1901, of La Crosse, Wis.] went to Elihu, and Bush relative John Mercer Walker, Lewis A. Lapham, [of the Bankers Trust where the Cullmans of Philip Morris were directors], Henry John Heinz 2d, and Richard Orlin Sutherland of Janesville, Wis. went to Bones. (Yale Tap Day Held; 10 Refuse Election. New York Times, May 16, 1930.) Rogers was on the committee of the Yale senior promenade with Rowland Stebbins Jr. Its floor manager was Francis Warren Pershing, son of General John J. Pershing. (Classmates Honor Pershing's Son. New York Times, Apr. 6, 1931.) He was an usher at the wedding of Rowland Stebbins Jr., whose brother, H. Lyman Stebbins [S&B 1933] was best man. Other ushers included John Holbrook, EG Stoddard, and Donald R. McLennan [all Scroll & Key 1931]. (Miss Small Is Wed to R. Stebbins Jr. New York Times, Jun. 25, 1931.)

His sister married De Forest Van Slyck [Skull & Bones 1920], who was with Lazard Frères. Robert Hamill [Scroll & Key 1920] was best man. Rev. Dr. Henry Sloane Coffin [S&B 1897] performed the ceremony. (Katharine Rogers Is Wed to Banker. New York Times, Dec. 12, 1931.) Katharine Gamble Rogers was a bridesmaid for Elizabeth Boardman Mosle at her wedding to Charles A. Wight [S&K 1922]. (Miss Mosle Weds Charles A. Wight. New York Times, Oct. 27, 1925.) Van Slyck was with Fahnestock & Co. in 1945. His stepfather since 1909 was James Lincoln Ashley, Yale, a director of International Nickel since 1902. (J.L. Ashley, Long With Int. Nickel. New York Times, Mar. 7, 1945.) De Forest Van Slyck was best man for Chester B. Bowles, who married Rowland Stebbins Jr.'s sister. (Dorothy Stebbins Wed. New York Times, Feb. 23, 1934.) In his freshman year at Yale, Van Slyck was a member of the 1920 class emergency council, which bought a $1,000 Liberty Bond. Briton Hadden was chairman, and other members of the committee were A.C. Schermerhorn, and Morehead Patterson, all later tapped for Skull & Bones, and Stewart Hemingway. They were undecided whether the interest would be used for Red Cross or ambulance work, to erect a memorial, or to found an annual prize award. (Yale Freshmen to Buy A Bond. New York Times, Jun. 9, 1917.) His first marriage, six hours after receiving his degree, was to the daughter of Yale Professor E. Hershey Sneath. (Van Slyck-Sneath. New York Times, Jun. 24, 1920.) DeForest Van Slyck was born in New York City, and served in the Navy during World War I. Between the wars, he taught history at Yale and worked for two investment brokerage firms in New York. In World War II, he was a colonel in the Army Air Forces. He moved to Washington, DC, in 1946, and joined the Central Intelligence Agency when it was created in 1947. He became a member of its Board of National Estimates, which evaluates data gathered by the agency, in 1950. He retired in 1960. He was a past president of International Student House, "a center for foreign students in Washington." (Obituaries. Washington Post, Sep. 20, 1985.)

Rogers married Henrietta Lucy Owens, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Warren Owens of Atlanta. His brother, Francis Day Rogers [S&K 1935], was best man. (Rogers-Owens. New York Times, Jun. 10, 1934.) Rogers and his fellow 1931 Keysmen Stoddard, Stebbins, Fox, Hunt, and McLennan, plus Reeve Schley Jr. and Francis A. Nelson of Wolf's Head and Bonesman John M. Walker, were ushers at the wedding of John Holbrook. (Alice Doubleday Ridgefield Bride. New York Times, Jun. 7, 1936.) Rogers went to work for Benton & Bowles, then joined the staff of Lord & Thomas as account manager for Lucky Strike cigarettes in 1936. (Notes of the Advertising World. New York Times, Jul. 27, 1936.) He dealt with his Keys classmate, George Washington Hill Jr., at American Tobacco.

Lord & Thomas Contact Report, Aug. 18, 1936 / tobacco document
Lord & Thomas Contact Report, Nov. 9, 1936 / tobacco document

James Gamble Rogers Jr. was best man for his brother, Francis Day Rogers. His Keys 1935 classmate John H. Overall was an usher, along with George Stillman, H.P. Baldwin Terry, and Thomas Rodd, all Skull & Bones 1935, and De Forest Van Slyck, S&B 1920. (Innovations Mark Tap Day At Yale. New York Times, May 11, 1934; Nuptials Are Held of Miss Washburn. New York Times, Sep. 20, 1942.) His firm, Rogers & Butler, designed the Hospital for Special Surgery, the Wollman Pavilion at Lenox Hill Hospital and major additions to the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York Hospital and Presbyterian Hospital in New York City, and several other medical research centers in New York. (Francis D. Rogers Dies; Architect for Hospitals. New York Times, Jun. 10, 1983.) Francis Day Rogers was an usher at the wedding of Dr. John T. Lambert, a nephew of anti-smoking activist Dr. Alexander Lambert (S&B 1884) and grandson of Dr. Edward W. Lambert (S&B 1854) of the Equitable Life.

His grandfather, Albert Morgan Day, who moved to Lake Forest from Springfield, Mass., founded the Chicago brokerage firm of Counselman & Day, and was president of the Presbyterian Hospital of Chicago for twenty-four years. (Mrs. J.G. Rogers, Wife of Architect. New York Times, Dec. 16, 1942.) James Gamble Rogers Sr., Scroll & Key 1889, was "consulting architect to Yale University 1920-24 and architect for the general plan of the University (with rank of professor) 1924-31 (designed Harkness Tower and Memorial Quadrangle, Sterling Memorial Library, Sterling Law Buildings, Hall of Graduate Studies, and Pierson, Davenport, Jonathan Edwards, Trumbull, Berkeley, and Timothy Dwight Colleges), his architectual work has also included the campus for Southern Baptist College (Louisville, Ky.), buildings for the Aetna Life Insurance Company and General Life Insurance Company (Hartford, Conn.), the Colgate-Rochester Divinity School (Rochester, N.Y.), Memorial Hospital and Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center (New York City), Deering Library of the Chicago campus of Northwestern University, and dormitories for Atlanta University (Atlanta, Ga.)." In 1930 he was awarded a cup by Mory's Association. (Bulletin of Yale University. Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1947-1948, pp. 19-20.) Rogers granted the request of ex-president William H. Taft, who now lived in New Haven, that the New Haven Post Office and court house be constructed of pink granite instead of the less expensive white. (Taft's Request Granted. New York Times, Oct. 30, 1913.) Edward Stephen Harkness donated funds for the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in 1924. "In 1934 a mild furor arose when it was discovered that the inscription over one of the doorways of the Graduate School was the quotation from Sabatini: 'He was born with a gift of laughter and a sense that the world was mad.'" His son, Francis Day Rogers, and Jonathan Fairchild Butler were partners of his firm. (James G. Rogers, Architect, Is Dead. New York Times, Oct. 2, 1947.) The General Education Board made a $3,000,000 gift to Memorial Hospital to construct their new building. (Rockefeller Provides $3,000,000 To Build Cancer Hospital Here. New York Times, Apr. 28, 1936.) He also built Chester Bowles' house in 1939. (Habitat/Hayden's Point; A Redolence of History. By Tracie Rozhon. New York Times, Sep. 19, 1993.) Charles F. Mosle, Yale 1897, was in his firm from 1912 to 1925.

His uncle was Hopewell Lindenberger Rogers, Book & Snake 1897, who attended John Marshall Law School 1903-06 and was admitted to the Illinois bar. He was with the Chicago Daily News and its successor from 1897 to 1926, leaving as treasurer and a director, and then in the executive offices of Hearst Newspapers from 1932-35. He was a director of the Belden Manufacturing Company (electric wires) from 1908 to 1948, and chairman 1939-48. He was an officer of the Yale Club of Chicago between 1900 and 1932. (Bulletin of Yale University. Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1947-1948, p. 136.)

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University, 1947-1948 / Yale University Library

Donald R. McLennan Jr., Scroll & Key 1931

His father, Donald Roderick McLennan, was a cofounder of Marsh & McLennan, the international insurance brokers. He was a director of the American Sugar Refining Company, the Evergreen Mines Company, Armour & Co., the First National Bank of Lake Forest, the Pennsylvania Railroad, the Peoples Gas, Light and Coke Company; the Continental Illinois National Bank and Trust Company; the Pullman Company; Pullman, Inc.; the Chicago Corporation, and the Empire Securities Company. In 1933, he was a director of 99 companies. (D.R. M'Lennan, Insurance Man, Dies At Age 71. Chicago Tribune, Oct. 15, 1944; D. M'Lennan Dead; Insurance Leader. New York Times, Oct. 15, 1944.) McLennan Sr. was elected a director andmember of the executive committee of Montgomery Ward & Co. in 1916. (News of the Financial World. Chicago Daily Tribune. Jul. 7, 1916.) His wife was the daughter of George H. Noyes, general counsel of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company in Milwaukee.

Donald R. McLennan Jr. turned down an election to Skull & Bones. (Yale Tap Day Held; 10 Refuse Election. New York Times, May 16, 1930.) He was an usher at the wedding of Eleanor Pratt to James Ramsey Hunt Jr. (24 Attendants Chosen By Miss Eleanor Pratt. New York Times, May 22, 1931.) He was an usher at the wedding of Rowland Stebbins Jr. to Josephine Foote Small. (Miss Small Is Wed to R. Stebbins Jr. New York Times, Jun. 25, 1931.) He was an usher at the wedding of Alfred Uihlein to his distant relation, Paula Uihlein. (Paula Uihlein Wed in Midwood Estate Garden. Chicago Daily Tribune, Jul. 29, 1934.) He was an usher at the wedding of Dorothy Ranney, a sister of George Alfred Ranney Jr. (Skull & Bones 1934), to Gaylord Donnelly (Skull & Bones 1931). Dorothy Ranney Becomes Bride of G. Donnelley. Chicago Tribune, May 5, 1935.) He was an usher at the wedding of Joan Diehl to Henry John Heinz 2d, Skull & Bones 1931, son of Mr. and Mrs. Howard Heinz of Pittsburgh. (Joan Diehl Bride of Henry Heinz 2d. New York Times, Jun. 19, 1935.) He was an usher at the wedding of Raymond Guest and Elizabeth Sturgis Polk, the daughter of Frank L. Polk. (Elizabeth S. Polk and Raymond Guest, Poloist, Wed in Heavenly Rest Church. New York Times, Jun. 26, 1935.) He was an usher at the wedding of John Holbrook [Scroll & Key 1931] to Alice Doubleday. (New York Times, Jun. 7, 1936.) He was a senior vice president and head of the Pittsburgh office of Marsh & McLennan, and chairman of the executive committee (Executive Post Filled At Marsh & McLennan. New York Times, Jun. 27, 1967), and vice chairman of the board. (Marsh & McLennan Selects a Chairman. New York Times, Jun. 25, 1969.)

His brother, George Noyes McLennan, Book and Snake 1941, was credited with shooting down more than four Japanese planes before going missing in action in September, 1942. His brother, Donald, married his widow. (Bulletin of Yale University. Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1944-1945, pp. 399-400.) His uncle, Haskell Noyes, Yale 1908, of Milwaukee, was with Marsh & McLennan from 1911 to 1914. (Bulletin of Yale University. Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1948-1949, p. 61.)

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University, 1944-1945 / Yale University Library (pdf, 442 pp)
Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University, 1948-1949 / Yale University Library (pdf, 186 pp)

His sister, Margaret, married John B. Morse [S&B 1934]. His best man was George A. Ranney Jr. [S&B 1934], and the ushers were John Jackson [S&B 1934] of New Haven, Gilbert C. Greenway and Edwin E. Mills [S&B 1934] of New York, Innis Bromfield of Geenwich, Hugh Cunningham [S&B 1934] of Wichita, T. Edward Hambleton [S&B 1934] of Baltimore, and Arthur Gordon [S&B 1934] of Savannah, Ga. (Lake Forest Girl Weds. Chicago Daily Tribune, Jul. 15, 1934.) Tap Day 1933 was a very unusual year. "The tapping ceremonies have not had their counterpart on the campus for more than a century. Instead of appearing on the old campus and being "tapped," the juniors sat in their rooms and waited for the knock on the door from a senior society man. All four societies elected their full quota of fifteen men. Owing to the large number of refusals there was much confusion attending the elections. (Five From Chicago Elected to Senior Societies at Yale. Chicago Daily Tribune, May 17, 1933.) Morse was the son of Samuel Finley Brown Morse, S&B 1907. His mother, Anne Thompson, was divorced from his father, and married George Adams Richardson (Miss McLennan Will Be Bride of John Morse. Chicago Daily Tribune, Mar. 20, 1934), who was an executive and/or trustee of the Marshall Field Estate from 1921 to 1943, and a director of Marshall Field 3d's Field Enterprises from 1944 to 1958. (Richardson, 70, Field Estate Trustee, Dies. Chicago Daily Tribune, Apr. 16, 1958.)

His brother, William L. McLennan, Yale 1945, was an assistant manager and manager at Brown Brothers Harriman.

John Holbrook, Scroll & Key 1931

"Mr. Holbrook joined Marsh & McLennan in 1931 and was elected a vice president in 1947, a director in 1951, executive vice president in 1960 and president in 1963. He served as chairman of the executive committee in 1966-67, and later was a director of Marlennan Corporation, a holding company." (John Holbrook, Ex-Broker, Dies. New York Times, Dec. 26, 1970.) The ushers at his wedding to Alice Doubleday were Ezekiel G. Stoddard 2d, Rowland Stebbins Jr., James Gamble Rogers Jr., Lyttleton Fox, James R. Hunt Jr., Donald R. McLennan Jr., Chauncey P. Goss 3d [all S&K 1931]; John M. Walker [S&B 1931, G.H.W. Bush's uncle]; Francis A. Nelson and Reeve Schley Jr. [both Wolf's Head 1931]; Philip H. Watts, E. Gould Ingram, James M. Doubleday, and G. Chester Doubleday. Her flower girls were Alice Ripley, Mary Patricia Ripley, and Dianna Goss. His brother William was best man. (Alice Doubleday Ridgefield Bride. New York Times, Jun. 7, 1936.)

The wedding ceremony was performed by Rev. T. Lawrason Riggs, Scroll & Key 1910, whose father, Elisha F. Riggs, was president of Riggs & Co. (later the Riggs National Bank). He was on the executive committee of the National Conference of Christians and Jews 1928-1943. His grandfather, George Washington Riggs, was in the Yale class of 1833. (Bulletin of Yale University. Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1942-1943, pp. 110-111.) His brother, Elisha Francis Riggs Jr., S&K 1909, was military attache at the American Embassy in Petrograd, Russia from 1916-1918, then in the office of the Military Intelligence Department in Washington.

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1942-1943 / Yale University Library (pdf, 312 pp)

John Holbrook's sister, Natalie, married Chauncey Porter Goss 3d [S&K 1926]. Ushers included Andrew Varick Stout Jr., Frederick Potts, Daniel A. Lindsey [? Lindley], Carlos F. Stoddard Jr., James C. Greenway Jr., Horace W. Cole, and Henry C. Potter [all S&K 1926]; Samuel Ferguson, James Cooper, and Gardiner Dominick Stout [all Wolf's Head 1926], Oswald Lord [S&B 1926], John M. Kingsley [refused 1926], Herman Rhum Jr., Yale 1923, and her brother, John. (Natalie Holbrook Bride of C.P. Goss. New York Times, Jun. 3, 1928.) His father, Chauncey P. Goss Jr., was vice president and a director of the Scovill Manufacturing Company, "a brass concern." (Chauncey Goss Jr., Brass Executive. New York Times, Dec. 20, 1948.) His uncle, George Augustus Goss, Scroll & Key 1903, was also a vice president and director of the same company. He was chief of ammunition supply of the American Expeditionary Force from Sep. 1917 to Aug. 1918, and a vice president and president of Mory's Association. John H. Goss (Yale 1894) and Chauncey Porter Goss Jr. were George A. Goss's brothers. (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1942-1943, pp. 81-82.) Chauncey P. Goss 3d's brother, Richard Wayne Goss, Yale 1929, was the father of future C.I.A. director Porter Johnston Goss. (Goss-Johnston. New York Times, Apr. 3, 1932; Richard W. Goss. New York Times, Nov. 13, 1981.) Porter J. Goss's sister was Mrs. Archibald Douglass 3d.

(Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University, 1942-1943 / Yale University Library (pdf, 312 pp)

John Henry Goss (Yale 1894) was the son of Chauncey Porter Goss, president of the Scovill Manufacturing Company, Waterbury, Conn. He was with this company from 1894 to 1944, and was president of the Alden M. Young Company from 1912-1944. He married Ella, daughter of Alden March and Ellen Shepardson Young. George M. Smith (Yale 1901) was a brother-in-law. (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1944-1945, pp. 53-54.) Dr. George Milton Smith, Yale 1901, was a physician and medical director of the Scovill Manufacturing Company between 1916 and 1928, and also an officer of the American Cancer Society. Goss succeeded E. Kent Hubbard as head of the Connecticut Manufacturers Association.

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1944-1945 / Yale University Library (pdf, 442 pp)

Alden M. Young was the senior member of Young & Warner. He was President and Director of the Connecticut Railway & Lighting Company and the New England Engineering Company. "Mr. Young was also connected with the administration of the Albany Southern Railway, the Edison Electric Illuminating Company of Brooklyn, Kings County Electric Light and Power Company, the American Mail Steamship Company, the American Gas and Electric Company, and other electric and railway companies." (Alden M. Young. New York Times, Dec. 5, 1911.) In 1900, he was in the office of R.A.C. Smith, and obtained $76,000 in loans from the State Trust Company, of which Smith was a director. (Easy for State Trust Directors to Get Millions in Loans. New York World, Jan. 19, 1900.) Ellen Shepardson Young, wife of the late Alden March Young, was the mother of Mrs. Milton J. Warner, Mrs. George M. Smith, and Mrs. Herbert Gallaudet [S&B 1898]. (Deaths. New York Times, Oct. 30, 1938.) Mr. and Mrs. A.M. Young, Mrs. J.H. Goss, George Milton Smith, Herbert Gallaudet, and W.G. Bushnell were among a group at the Saranac Inn, while a few miles away at the Ampersand, Desmond FitzGerald's uncle was on his honeymoon. (Saranac Inn. New York Tribune, Sep. 16, 1906.)

New York Tribune, Sep. 16, 1906, p. 2 / Library of Congress

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cast 02-13-12