The Conspiracy of Silence About HPV and Lung Cancer

The weight of the evidence of more than 50 studies implicates human papillomaviruses a a cause of ten times more U.S. lung cancers than the anti-smokers blame on secondhand smoke. Smokers and passive smokers are more likely to have been exposed to this virus. The anti-smokers have deliberately committed scientific fraud by ignoring the role of HPV, in order to falsely blame secondhand smoke.

Lung cancer and passive smoking. D Trichopoulos, A Kalandidi, L Sparros, B MacMahon. Int J Cancer 1981 Jan 15;27(1):1-4.

Trichopoulos - Int J Cancer 1981 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Non-smoking wives of heavy smokers have a higher risk of lung cancer: a study from Japan. T Hirayama. British Medical Journal 1981 Jan 17;282(6254):183-185.

Hirayama - British Medical Journal 1981 full article / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)
Hirayama - British Medical Journal 1981 full article / PubMed Central

Correspondence re Hirayama. PRJ Burch; E Grundmann, K-M Müller, KD Winter; TD Sterling; H Kornegay, MA Kastenbaum. BMJ 1981 Apr 5, Oct 3, Nov 28.

Correspondence re Hirayama - BMJ 1981 / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Time trends in lung cancer mortality among nonsmokers and a note on passive smoking. L Garfinkel. J Natl Cancer Inst 1981 Jun;66(6):1061-1066.

Garfinkel - J Natl Cancer Inst 1981 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Lung cancer in non-smokers in Hong Kong. WC Chan, SC Fung. In: Grundmann, E., ed. Cancer campaign, v.6, cancer epidemiology. Stuttgart, West Germany: Gustav Fischer Verlag, pp. 199-202, 1982.

Chan - Cancer campaign 1982 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Passive smoking and lung cancer. P Correa, LW Pickle, E Fontham, Y Lin, W Haenszel. Lancet 1983 Sep 10;2(8350):595-597.

Correa - Lancet 1983 full article / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)
Correa 1984 PHS Research Grant / UCSF (pdf, 91 pp)

Passivrauchen als Lungenkrebs - ursache bei Nichtraucherinnen. A. Knoth, H. Bohn, F. Schmidt. Med Klin Prax 1983;78(2):56-59.

Knoth - Med Klin Prax 1983 (German) full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

Passive smoking as a causative factor of lung cancer in nonsmoking women. A Knoth, H. Bohn, F. Schmidt. Med Klin Prax 1983;78(2):56-59. Translated from German.

Knoth - Med Klin Prax 1983 (English) full article / UCSF (pdf, 10 pp)

Lung cancer and passive smoking: Conclusion of Greek study (letter) . D Trichopoulos, A Kalandidi, A Sparros. Lancet 1983 Sep 17;2(8351):667-668.

Trichopoulos - Lancet 1983 full article / UCSF (pdf, 2 pp)

Lung cancer in Japan. Effects of nutrition and passive smoking. T. Hirayama. In: Lung Cancer: Causes and Prevention. M Mizell, P Correa, eds. Verlag Chemie International. Proceedings of the International Lung Cancer Update Conference, New Orleans, La., Mar. 3-5, 1983. Ch. 14, pp 175-195.

Hirayama - Lung Cancer: Causes and Prevention 1983 full article / UCSF (pdf, 22 pp)

Cancer mortality in nonsmoking women with smoking husbands based on a large-scale cohort study in Japan. Prev Med 1984;13:680-690.

Hirayama - Prev Med 1984 full article / UCSF (pdf, 11 pp)

Lung cancer in nonsmokers. GC Kabat, EL Wynder. Cancer 1984 Mar 3;53(5):1214-1221.

Kabat - Cancer 1984 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Is passive smoking an added risk factor for lung cancer in Chinese women? LC Koo, JH-C Ho, D Saw. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 1984;3(3):277-283.

Koo - J Exp Clin Cancer Res 1984 full article / UCSF (pdf, 7 pp)

The causes of lung cancer in Texas. PA Buffler, LW Pickle, TJ Mason, C Constant. In: Lung cancer: causes and prevention. M Mizell, P Correa, eds. New York: Verlag Chemie International, pp 83-99, 1984. (First 27 pages included prefaces.)

Buffler - Lung cancer: causes and prevention 1984 full article / UCSF (pdf, 27 pp)

The effect of environmental tobacco smoke in two urban communities in the west of Scotland. CR Gillis, DJ Hole, VM Hawthorne, P Boyle. Eur J Respir Dis 1984;65(133Suppl):121-126.

Gillis - Eur J Respir Dis 1984 full article / UCSF (pdf, 11 pp)

Passive smoking in adulthood and cancer risk. DP Sandler, RB Everson, AJ Wilcox. Am J Epidemiol 1985;121(1):37-48.

Sandler - Am J Epidemiol 1985a full article / UCSF (pdf, 12 pp)

Correspondence Re: Passive smoking in adulthood and cancer risk. DP Sandler, RB Everson, AJ Wilcox. Am J Epidemiol 1985;121(1):37-48. GD Friedman; N Mantel; PRJ Burch. Am J Epidemiol 1986;122(2):367-370.

Sandler - Am J Epidemiol 1985aa full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Cancer risk in adulthood from early life exposure to parents' smoking. DP Sandler, RB Everson, AJ Wilcox, JP Browder. Am J Public Health 1985 May;75(5):487-492.

Sandler - Am J Publ Health 1985b full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Cumulative effects of lifetime passive smoking on cancer risk. DP Sandler, AJ Wilcox, RB Everson. Lancet 1985 Feb. 9:312-314.

Sandler - Lancet 1985c full article / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)

Correspondence Re: Cumulative effects of lifetime passive smoking on cancer risk. DP Sandler, AJ Wilcox, RB Everson. Lancet 1985 Feb. 9:312-314. PRJ Burch; J Higgins. Lancet 1985 Apr 13:866-867.

Sandler - Lancet 1985d full article / UCSF (pdf, 2 pp)

Correspondence Re: Cumulative effects of lifetime passive smoking on cancer risk. DP Sandler, AJ Wilcox, RB Everson. Lancet 1985 Feb. 9:312-314. PN Lee; PRJ Burch. Lancet 1985 1985 Jun 22:1444. [Dale P. Sandler is now chief of the epidemiology branch at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Her son, David J. Sandler, is in the Office of the White House Counsel in the Obama Administration.]

Sandler - Lancet 1985e full article / UCSF (pdf, 1 p)

Involuntary smoking and lung cancer: a case-control study. L Garfinkel, O Auerbach. J Natl Cancer Inst 1985 Sep;75(3):463-469.

Garfinkel - JNCI 1985 full article / UCSF (pdf, 7 pp)

Smoking and other risk factors for lung cancer in women. AH Wu, BE Henderson, MD Pike, MC Yu. J Natl Cancer Inst 1985 April;74(4):747-751.

Wu - JNCI 1985 full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

Passive smoking and lung cancer among Japanese women. S Akiba, H Kato, WJ Blot. Cancer Research 1986 Sep;46(9):4804-4807.

Akiba / Cancer Res 1986 full article (pdf, 4 pp)
Akiba - Cancer Res 1986 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Relationship of passive smoking to risk of lung cancer and other smoking-associated diseases. PN Lee, J Chamberlain, MR Alderson. Br J Cancer 1986;54:97-105.

Lee - Br J Cancer 1986 full article / UCSF (pdf, 9 pp)

The relation of passive smoking to lung cancer. NA Dalager, LW Pickle, TJ Mason, P Correa, E Fontham, A Stemhagen, PA Buffler, RG Ziegler, JF Fraumeni. Cancer Res 1986 Sep;46(9):4808-4811.

Dalager / Cancer Res 1986 full article (pdf, 4 pp)
Dalager - Cancer Res 1986 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Respiratory cancer in a Scottish industrial community: A retrospective case-control study. OII Lloyd, E. Ireland, H Tyrrell, F Williams. J Soc Occup Med 1986;36(1):2-8. (Page 532 of document.)

Lloyd - J Soc Occup Med 1986 full article / UCSF (pdf, 575 pp)

Marriage to a smoker and lung cancer risk. CG Humble, JM Samet, DR Pathak. Am J Public Health 1987 May;77(5):598-602.

Humble - Am J Publ Health 1987 full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

Measurements of passive smoking and estimates of lung cancer risk among nonsmoking Chinese females. LC Koo, JH Ho, D Saw, CY Ho. Int J Cancer 1987;39:162-169.

Koo - Int J Cancer 1987 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Smoking, passive smoking, and histological types in lung cancer in Hong Kong Chinese women. TH Lam, ITM Kung, CM Wong, WK Lam, JWL Kleevens, D Saw, C Hsu, S Seneviratne, SY Lam, KK Lo, WC Chan. Br J Cancer 1987 Nov;56(5):673-678.

Lam - Br J Cancer 1987 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Passive smoking and lung cancer in Swedish women. G Pershagen, Z Hrubec, C Svensson. Am J Epidemiol 1987;125(1):17-24.

Pershagen - Am J Epidemiol 1987 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Risk factors for adenocarcinoma of the lung. RC Brownson, JS Reif, TJ Keefe, SW Ferguson, JA Pritzl. Am J Epidemiol 1987;125(1):25-34.

Brownson - Am J Epidemiol 1987 full article / UCSF (pdf, 11 pp)

Lung cancer among Chinese women. Y-T Gao, WJ Blot, W Zheng, AG Ershow, CW Hsu, LI Levin, R Zhang, JF Fraumeni. Int J Cancer 1987;40:604-609.

Gao - Int J Cancer 1987 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Assessment of the Association Between Passive Smoking and Lung Cancer A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Yale University in Candidacy for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy. LR Varela. PhD Dissertation, Yale University, May 1987.

Varela dissertation, 1987 / UCSF (pdf, 197 pp)

Passive smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer in never smoking women in Hong Kong. TH Lam, KK Cheng. In: Smoking and Health 1987. M Aoki et al., eds. Elsevier Sceince Publications, 1988, pp. 279-281.

Lam - Smoking & Health 1987 full article / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)

Passive smoking and lung cancer in women. R Inoue, T Hirayama. In: Smoking and Health 1987. M Aoki et al., eds. Elsevier Sceince Publications, 1988, pp. 283-285.

Inoue - Smoking & Health 1987 full article / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)

Effect of passive smoking in lung cancer development in women in the Nara region. H Katada, R Mikami, M Konishi, Y Koyama, N Narita. Gan No Rinsho 1988 Jan;34(1):21-27. (Certified Translation)

Katada - Gan No Rinsho 1988 full article / UCSF (pdf, 15 pp)

On the relationship between smoking and female lung cancer. G Geng, ZH Liang, GL Zhang. In: Smoking and Health. Elsevier Science Publications, pp 483-486, 1988.

Geng - Smoking & Health 1988 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Passive smoking and lung cancer in women. R Inoue, T Hirayama. In: Smoking and Health. Elsevier Science Publications, pp 283-285, 1988.

Inoue - Smoking & Health 1988 full article / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)

A case-control study of lung cancer in nonsmoking women. H Shimizu, M Morishita, K Mizuno, T Masuda, Y Ogura, M Santo, M Nishimura, K Kunishima, K Karasawa, K Nishiwaki, M Yamamoto, S Hisamichi, S Tominaga. Tohoku J Exp Med 1988 Apr;154(4):389-397.

Shimizu / Tohoku J Exp Med 1988 full article (pdf, 9 pp)
Shimizu - Tohoku J Exp Med 1988 full article / UCSF (pdf, 9 pp)

The relationship of passive smoking to various health outcomes among Seventh-Day Adventists in California [dissertation]. TL Butler. Los Angeles, University of California, 1988.

Butler dissertation, 1988 / UCSF (pdf, 37 pp)

Passive smoking and cancer among female Seventh-Day Adventists in California [abstract]. TL Butler. Community Health Studies 1989;13(3):369.

Butler - Community Health Studies 1989 abstract / UCSF (pdf, 1 p)

Smoking and passive smoking in relation to lung cancer in women. C Svensson, G Pershagen, J Klominek. Acta Oncol 1989;28(5):623-629.

Svensson - Acta Oncol 1989 abstract / PubMed
(Issue Binder) Svensson - Acta Oncol 1989 full article / UCSF (pdf, 599 pp)

Deaths from lung cancer and ischaemic heart disease due to passive smoking in New Zealand. I Kawachi, NE Pearce, RT Jackson. N Z Med J 1989 Jul 12;102(871):337-340.

Kawachi - N Z Med J 1989 abstract / PubMed
Kawachi - N Z Med J 1989 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Passive smoking and cardiorespiratory health in a general population in the west of Scotland. DJ Hole, CR Gillis, C Chopra, VM Hawthorne. Br Med J 1989 Aug 12;299:423-427.

Hole - Br Med J 1989 full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

Correspondence re Kawachi. T Hirayama; I Kawachi & N Pearce; PN Lee; J Reinken. NZ Med J 1989 Sep 27, Oct 11 and Nov 8.

Correspondence re Kawachi - NZ Med J 1989 / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Epidemiologic characteristics and multiple risk factors of lung cancer in Taiwan. C-J Chen, H-Y Wu, Y-C Chuang, A-S Chang, K-T Luh, H-H Chao, K-Y Chen, S-G Chen, G-M Lai, H-H Huang, H-H Lee. Anticancer Research 1990;10:971-976.

Chen - Anticancer Res 1990 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

The impact of passive smoking: Cancer deaths among nonsmoking women. GH Miller. Cancer Detection and Prevention 1990;14(5):497-503. With errata.

Miller - Cancer Detect Prevent 1990 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Epidemiologic studies of the relationship between passive smoking and lung cancer. GC Kabat. Presented at the 1990 annual winter meeting of the Toxicology Forum in Washington, DC., 1990.

Kabat presentation, 1990 / UCSF (pdf, 20 pp)

Passive smoking and diet in the etiology of lung cancer among nonsmokers. A Kalandidi, K Katsouyanni, N Voropoulou. Cancer Causes Control 1990 Jul;1(1):15-21.

Kalandidi - Cancer Causes Control 1990 full article / UCSF (pdf, 7 pp)

Passive smoking among nonsmoking women and the relationship between indoor air pollution and lung cancer incidence -- results of a multicenter case controlled study. T Sobue, R Suzuki, N Nakayama, C Inubuse, M Matsuda, O Doi, T Mori, K Furuse, M Fukuoka, T Yasumitsu, O Kuwabara, M Ichigaya, M Kurata, K Nakahara, S Endo, S Hattori. Gan To Rinsho 1990;36(3):329-333.

Sobue - Gan No Rinsho 1990a full article / UCSF (pdf, 12 pp)

Association of indoor air pollution and lifestyle with lung cancer in Osaka, Japan. T Sobue. Int J Epidemiol 1990;19 Suppl 1:S62-S66. [not cited]

Sobue - Int J Epidemiol 1990b full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

Lung cancer and exposure to tobacco smoke in the household. DT Janerich, WD Thompson, LR Varela, P Greenwald, S Chorost, C Tucci, MB Zaman, MR Melamed, M Kiely, MF McNally. New Engl J Med 1990 Sep 6;323(10):632-636. Assessment of the association between passive smoking and lung cancer

Janerich - New Engl J Med 1990 full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)
Janerich - NEJM 1990 full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

Lung cancer among women in north-east China. AH Wu-Williams, XD Dai, W Blot, ZY Xu, XW Sun, HP Xiso, BJ Stone, SF Yu, YP Feng, AG Ershow, J Sun, JF Fraumeni Jr, BE Henderson. Br J Cancer 1990;62:982-987. [not cited]

Wu-Williams - Br J Cancer 1990 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Smoking and other risk factors for lung cancer in Xuanwei, China. Z Liu, X He, RS Chapman. Int J Epidemiol 1991;20(1):26-31. (Page 499 of document)

Liu - Int J Epidemiol 1991 full article / UCSF (pdf, 599 pp)

Lung cancer in women in the Niagara Region, Ontario: a case-control study. EJ Holowaty, HA Risch, AB Miller, JD Burch. Can J Public Health 1991 Sep-Oct;82(5):304-309.

Holowaty - Can J Public Health 1991 abstract / PubMed
Holowaty - Can J Public Health 1991 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Lung cancer in nonsmoking women: a multicenter case-control study. ETH Fontham, P Correa, A Wu-Williams, P Reynolds, RS Greenberg, PA Buffler, VW Chen, P Boyd, T Alterman, DF Austin, J Liff, SD Greenberg. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prevent 1991 Nov;1(1):35-43.

Fontham - Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prevent 1991 full article / UCSF (pdf, 9 pp)

Correspondence re: Lung cancer in nonsmoking women: a multicenter case-control study. ETH Fontham, P Correa, A Wu-Williams, P Reynolds, RS Greenberg, PA Buffler, VW Chen, P Boyd, T Alterman, DF Austin, J Liff, SD Greenberg. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prevent 1991 Nov;1(1):35-43. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prevent 1992May/Jun;1:331-334.

Correspondence re: Fontham - Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prevent 1992 / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer risk in nonsmoking women. HG Stockwell, AL Goldman, GH Lyman, CI Nuss, AW Armstrong, PA Pinkham, EC Candelora, MR Brusa. J Natl Cancer Inst 1992 Sep 16;84(18):1417-1422.

Stockwell - JNCI 1992 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Passive smoking and lung cancer in nonsmoking women. RC Brownson, MCR Alvanja, ET Hock, TS Loy. Am J Public Health 1992 Nov;82(11):1525-1530. [not cited]

Brownson - Am J Publ Health 1992 full article / UCSF (pdf, 7 pp)
Brownson - Am J Publ Health 1992 full article / PubMed Central

Indoor air pollution and lung cancer in Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. Q Liu, AJ Sasco, E Riboli, MX Hu. Am J Epidemiol 1993 Jan 15;137(2):145-154.

Liu - Am J Epidemiol 1993 abstract / PubMed
Liu - Am J Epidemiol 1993 full article / UCSF (pdf, 10 pp)

Environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer [comment]. ETH Fontham, P Correa, PA Buffler, R Greenberg, P Reynolds, A Wu-Williams. The Cancer Bulletin 1993;45(1):92-94. (Page 559 of document)

Fontham - Cancer Bull 1993 full article / UCSF (pdf, 599 pp)

Correspondence re: Environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer risk in nonsmoking women. HG Stockwell, AL Goldman, GH Lyman, CI Nuss, AW Armstrong, PA Pinkham, EC Candelora, MR Brusa. J Natl Cancer Inst 1992 Sep 16;84(18):1417-1422. J Natl Cancer Inst 1993 May 5;85(9):748-751. [Lee; Layard]

Correspondence re Stockwell - JNCI 1993 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Passive smoking and lung cancer. ET Fontham, P Correa, VW Chen. J La State Med Soc 1993 Apr;145(4):132-136.

Fontham - J La State Med Soc 1993 abstract / PubMed
Fontham - J La State Med Soc 1993 full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

Exposure to indoor tobacco smoke and female lung cancer in Guangzhou, China. YX Du, Q Cha, YZ Chen, JM Wu. Proceedings of Indoor Air 1993;1:511-517.

Du - Proceedings of Indoor Air 1993 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Childhood and adolescent passive smoking and the risk of female lung cancer. FL Wang, EJ Love, N Liu, XD Dai. Int J Epidemiol 1994 Apr;23(2):223-230.

Wang - Int J Epidemiol 1994 abstract / PubMed
Wang - Int J Epidemiol 1994 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Women and lung cancer: a comparison of active and passive smokers with nonexposed nonsmokers. GH Miller, JA Golish, CE Cox, DC Chacko. Cancer Detect Prev 1994;18(6):421-430.

Miller - Cancer Detect Prev 1994 abstract / PubMed
Miller - Cancer Detect Prev 1994 full article / UCSF (pdf, 10 pp)

Environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer in nonsmoking women. A multicenter study. ET Fontham, P Correa, P Reynolds, A Wu-Williams, PA Buffler, RS Greenberg, VW Chen, T Alterman, P Boyd, DF Austin, et al. JAMA 1994 Jun 8;271(22):1752-1759.

Fontham - JAMA 1994 full article / UCSF (pdf, 9 pp)

Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer Mortality in the American Cancer Society's Cancer Prevention Study II. VM Cardenas. Ph.D. dissertation, Emory University, 1994, 201 pp. Approved by HD Austin, MJ Thun, CW Heath Jr., SW Clark, RS Greenberg. Note their failure to consider the role of infection among "Other Risk Factors," pp. 44-45.

Cardenas - Ph.D. dissertation 1994 / UCSF (pdf, 202 pp)

Urinary cotinine and lung cancer risk in a female cohort. F de Waard, JM Kemmeren, LA van Ginkel, AA Stolker. Br J Cancer 1995 Sep;72(3):784-787.

de Waard - Br J Cancer 1995 full article / UCSF (pdf, 13 pp)

Urinary nicotine metabolite excretion and lung cancer risk in a female cohort. GA Ellard, F de Waard, JM Kemmeren. Br J Cancer 1995 Sep;72(3):788-791.

Ellard - Br J Cancer 1995 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Indoor burning coal air pollution and lung cancer--a case-control study in Fuzhou, China. RX Luo, B Wu, YN Yi, ZW Huang, RT Lin. Lung Cancer 1996 Mar;14 Suppl 1:S113-S119.

Luo - Lung Cancer 1996 abstract / PubMed
Luo - International Symposium on Lifestyle Factors and Human Lung Cancer 1996 full article / UCSF (pdf, 9 pp)

An epidemiological study of risk factors for lung cancer in Guangzhou, China. YX Du, Q Cha, XW Chen, YZ Chen, LF Huang, ZZ Feng, XF Wu, JM Wu. Lung Cancer 1996 Mar;14 Suppl 1:S9-S37.

Du - Lung Cancer 1996 abstract / PubMed
Du - International Symposium on Lifestyle Factors and Human Lung Cancer 1996 full article / UCSF (pdf, 29 pp)

Lung cancer in nonsmoking Chinese women: a case-control study. TJ Wang, BS Zhou, JP Shi. Lung Cancer 1996 Mar;14 Suppl 1:S93-S98.

TJ Wang - Lung Cancer 1996 abstract / PubMed
TJ Wang - International Symposium on Lifestyle Factors and Human Lung Cancer 1996 full article / UCSF (pdf, 7 pp)

The etiology of lung cancer in nonsmoking females in Harbin, China. XD Dai, CY Lin, XW Sun, YB Shi, YJ Lin. Lung Cancer 1996 Mar;14 Suppl 1:S85-S91.

Dai - Lung Cancer 1996 abstract / PubMed
Dai - International Symposium on Lifestyle Factors and Human Lung Cancer 1996 full article / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

A comparative study of the risk factors for lung cancer in Guangdong, China. SY Wang, YL Hu, YL Wu, X Li, GB Chi, Y Chen, WS Dai. Lung Cancer 1996 Mar;14 Suppl 1:S99-S105.

SY Wang - Lung Cancer 1996 abstract / PubMed
SY Wang - International Symposium on Lifestyle Factors and Human Lung Cancer 1996 full article / UCSF (pdf, 9 pp)

Some lifestyle factors in human lung cancer: a case-control study of 792 lung cancer cases. YX Lei, WC Cai, YZ Chen, YX Du. Lung Cancer 1996 Mar;14 Suppl 1:S121-S136.

Lei - Lung Cancer 1996 abstract / PubMed
Lei - International Symposium on Lifestyle Factors and Human Lung Cancer 1996 full article / UCSF (pdf, 19 pp)

Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer Mortality in the American Cancer Society's Cancer Prevention Study II. VM Cardenas, MJ Thun, H Austin, CA Lally, WS Clark, RS Greenberg, CW Heath Jr. Cancer Causes Control 1997 Jan;8(1):57-64.

Cardenas - Cancer Causes Control 1997 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Risk factors for primary lung cancer among non-smoking women in Taiwan. YC Ko, CH Lee, MJ Chen, CC Huang, WY Chang, HJ Lin, HZ Wang, PY Chang. Int J Epidemiol 1997 Feb;26(1):24-31.

Ko / Int J Epidemiol 1997 full article (pdf, 7 pp)

[Studies on relationship between passive smoking and lung cancer in non-smoking women] S Zheng, R Fan, Z Wu. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 1997 May;31(3):163-165.

Zheng - Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 1997 abstract / PubMed

Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and risk of lung cancer in non-smoking women from Moscow, Russia. D Zaridze, D Maximovitch, G Zemlyanaya, ZN Aitakov, P Boffetta. Int J Cancer 1998 Jan 30;75(3):335-338.

Zaridze - Int J Cancer 1998 abstract / PubMed
Zaridze - Int J Cancer 1998 full article / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer in Nonsmokers: Does Time Since Exposure Play A Role? F Nyberg, V Agrenius, K Svartengren, C Svensson, G Pershagen. Epidemiol 1998 May;9(3):301-308.

Nyberg - Epidemiol 1998 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Relation of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and pulmonary adenocarcinoma in non-smoking women: a case control study in Nanjing. XB Shen, GX Wang, BS Zhou. Oncol Rep 1998 Sep-Oct;5(5):1221-1223.

Shen - Oncol Rep 1998 abstract / PubMed
Shen - Oncol Rep 1998 full article / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)
Shen - International Symposium on Lifestyle Factors and Human Lung Cancer full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

European Multi-Centre Case-Control Study of Lung Cancer In Non-Smokers. Detailed Results on Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke. P Boffetta, A Agudo, W Ahrens, et al. IARC Technical Report No. 33. Lyon, 1998. This is the 323-page report from the World Health Organization.

IARC Technical Report No. 33, 1998 / UCSF (pdf, 323 pp)
Philip Morris Analysis / UCSF (pdf, 16 pp)

Multicenter Case–Control Study of Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer in Europe. P Boffetta, A Agudo, W Ahrens, E Benhamou, S Benhamou, SC Darby, G Ferro, C Fortes, CA Gonzalez, K-H Jöckel, M Krauss, L Kreienbrock, M Kreuzer, A Mendes, F Merletti, F Nyberg, G Pershagen, H Pohlabeln, E Riboli, G Schmid, L Simonato, J Trédaniel, E Whitley, H-E Wichmann, C Winck, P Zambon, R Saracci. J Natl Cancer Inst 1998 Oct 7;90(19):1440-1450.

Boffetta et al. / JNCI 1998 full article (pdf, 11 pp)

The World Health Organization lied about the findings of their study, for purely political propaganda reasons: "The World Health Organization (WHO) has been publicly accused of suppressing information. Its opponents say that WHO has withheld from publication its own report that was aimed at but supposedly failed to scientifically prove that there is an association between passive smoking, or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), and a number of diseases, lung cancer in particular. Both statements are untrue... The results of this study, which have been completely misrepresented in recent news reports, are very much in line with the results of similar studies both in Europe and elsewhere: passive smoking causes lung cancer in non-smokers. The study found that there was an estimated 16% increased risk of lung cancer among non-smoking spouses of smokers. For workplace exposure the estimated increase in risk was 17%. However, due to small sample size, neither increased risk was statistically significant." (PASSIVE SMOKING DOES CAUSE LUNG CANCER, DO NOT LET THEM FOOL YOU. Press Release, Mar. 9, 1998.) In fact, those who reported that this study "failed to scientifically prove that there is an association between passive smoking," etc., were absolutely correct. The World Health Organization has no scientific justification for pretending to have found a causal role for secondhand smoke, on the basis of statistically non-significant results. But this is a mere nitpick, compared to the deliberate, systematic scientific fraud that the anti-smoking criminals have committed for decades, of suppressing research on the role of infections - whose mechanisms, unlike those of chemical carcinogens in cigarette smoke, are KNOWN.

WHO Press Release, Mar. 9, 1998 / World Health Organization

Effects of husbands' smoking on the incidence of lung cancer in Korean women. SH Jee, H Ohrr, IS Kim. Int J Epidemiol 1999 Oct;28(5):824-828.

Jee - Int J Epidemiol 1999 full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)
Jee / Int J Epidemiol 1999 full article

Passive smoking and lung cancer in Chandigarh, India. E Rapiti, SK Jindal, D Gupta, P Boffetta. Lung Cancer 1999 Mar;23(3):183-189.

Rapiti - Lung Cancer 1999 abstract / PubMed
Rapiti - Lung Cancer 1999 full article / UCSF (pdf, 7 pp)

Prospective study of smoking, antioxidant intake, and lung cancer in middle-aged women (USA). FE Speizer, GA Colditz, DJ Hunter, B Rosner, C Hennekens. Cancer Causes Control 1999 Oct;10(5):475-482.

Speizer - Cancer Causes Control 1999 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and risk of adenocarcinoma of the lung. P Boffetta, W Ahrens, F Nyberg, A Mukeria, I Brüske-Hohlfeld, C Fortes, V Constantinescu, L Simonato, H Batura-Gabryel, S Lea, V Gaborieau, S Benhamou. Int J Cancer 1999 Nov 26;83(5):635-639.

Boffetta - Int J Cancer 1999 abstract / PubMed
Boffetta - Int J Cancer 1999 full article / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

Anti-smoker Stanton Glantz's patsy, Elisa K. Ong, makes fraudulent accusations, "Tobacco industry efforts subverting the International Agency for Research on Cancer's Secondhand Smoke Study," Nov. 1999 Dissertation.

Ong dissertation, 1999 / UCSF (pdf, 34 pp)

A case-control study of lung cancer and environmental tobacco smoke among nonsmoking women living in Shanghai, China. L Zhong, MS Goldberg, YT Gao, F Jin. Cancer Causes Control 1999 Dec;10(6):607-616.

Zhong - Cancer Causes Control 1999 abstract / PubMed
Zhong - Cancer Causes Control 1999 full article / UCSF (pdf, 10 pp)

Risk of lung cancer from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke from cigars, cigarillos and pipes. P Boffetta, F Nyberg, A Agudo, E Benhamou, KH Jockel, M Kreuzer, F Merletti, G Pershagen, H Pohlabeln, L Simonato, HE Wichmann, R Saracci. Int J Cancer 1999 Dec 10;83(6):805-806.

Boffetta - Int J Cancer 1999 full article / UCSF (pdf, 2 pp)

The Fraud of the National Toxicology Program of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences: Environmental tobacco smoke was listed as a supposed "known human carcinogen" in the Ninth Report on Carcinogens (Tobacco Related Exposures, 2000). There is no mention at all of the known human carcinogens, human papillomavirus and Epstein-Barr virus, which are frequently found in lung carcinomas. The NTP didn't even get around to classifying HPV as a human carcinogen until 2004, nine years after the IARC did so. They have still not gotten around to classifying EBV as a carcinogen, although it is more than nine years since the IARC did that.

Tobacco Related Exposures, 2000 / NIEHS (pdf, 6 pp)

Lifetime environmental exposure to tobacco smoke and primary lung cancer of non-smoking Taiwanese women. CH Lee, YC Ko, W Goggins, JJ Huang, MS Huang, EL Kao, HZ Wang. Int J Epidemiol 2000 Apr;29(2):224-231.

Lee / Int J Epidemiol 2000 full article
Lee - Int J Epidemiol 2000 full article / UCSF (pdf, 8 pp)

Lung cancer and environmental tobacco smoke in a non-industrial area of China. L Wang, JH Lubin, SR Zhang, C Metayer, Y Xia, A Brenner, B Shang, Z Wang, RA Kleinerman. Int J Cancer 2000 Oct 1;88(1):139-145.

Wang - Int J Cancer 2000 abstract / PubMed
Wang - Int J Cancer 2000 full article / UCSF (pdf, 7 pp)

Indoor air pollution and pulmonary adenocarcinoma among females: a case-control study in Shenyang, China. BS Zhou, TJ Wang, P Guan, JM Wu. Oncol Rep 2000 Nov-Dec;7(6):1253-1259.

Zhou - Oncol Rep 2000 abstract / PubMed
Zhou - Oncol Rep 2000 full article / UCSF (pdf, 7 pp)

Lung cancer in lifetime nonsmoking men - results of a case-control study in Germany. M Kreuzer, M Gerken, L Kreienbrock, J Wellmann, HE Wichmann. Br J Cancer 2001 Jan 5;84(1):134-140.

Kreuzer - Br J Cancer 2001 abstract / PubMed

A case-control study of lung cancer among Czech women. A Kubík, P Zatloukal, P Boyle, C Robertson, S Gandini, L Tomásek, N Gray, L Havel. Lung Cancer 2001 Feb-Mar;31(2-3):111-122.

Kubík - Lung Cancer 2001 abstract / PubMed

Lifetime residential and workplace exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer in never-smoking women, Canada 1994-97. KC Johnson, J Hu, Y Mao; Canadian Cancer Registries Epidemiology Research Group. Int J Cancer 2001 Sep;93(6):902-906.

Johnson - Int J Cancer 2001 abstract / PubMed

Passive smoking at home and cancer risk: a population-based prospective study in Japanese nonsmoking women. Y Nishino, Y Tsubono, I Tsuji, S Komatsu, S Kanemura, H Nakatsuka, A Fukao, H Satoh, S Hisamichi. Cancer Causes Control 2001 Nov;12(9):797-802.

Nishino - Cancer Causes Control 2001 abstract / PubMed

Risk factors for lung cancer among Canadian women who have never smoked. J Hu, Y Mao, D Dryer, K White; Canadian Cancer Registries Epidemiology Research Group. Cancer Detect Prev 2002;26(2):129-138.

Hu - Cancer Detect Prev 2002 abstract / PubMed

Risk factors for lung cancer among nonsmoking women. M Kreuzer, J Heinrich, L Kreienbrock, AS Rosario, M Gerken, HE Wichmann. Int J Cancer 2002 Aug 20;100(6):706-713.

Kreuzer - Int J Cancer 2002 abstract / PubMed

Environmental tobacco smoke and tobacco-related mortality in a prospective study of Californians, 1960-98. JE Enstrom, GC Kabat. BMJ 2003 May 17;326(7398):1057.

Enstrom / BMJ 2003 full article

Association between self-reported environmental tobacco smoke exposure and lung cancer: modification by GSTP1 polymorphism. DP Miller, I De Vivo, D Neuberg, JC Wain, TJ Lynch, L Su, DC Christiani. Int J Cancer 2003 May 10;104(6):758-763.

Miller - Int J Cancer 2003 abstract / PubMed

Risk factors associated with lung cancer in Hong Kong. M Chan-Yeung, LC Koo, JC Ho, KW Tsang, WS Chau, SW Chiu, MS Ip, WK Lam. Lung Cancer 2003 May;40(2):131-140.

Chan-Yeung - Lung Cancer 2003 abstract / PubMed

Adenocarcinoma of the lung among women: risk associated with smoking, prior lung disease, diet and menstrual and pregnancy history. P Zatloukal, A Kubík, N Pauk, L Tomásek, L Petruzelka. Lung Cancer 2003 Sep;41(3):283-293.

Zatloukal - Lung Cancer 2003 abstract / PubMed

Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in women with lung cancer. M de Andrade, JO Ebbert, JA Wampfler, DL Miller, RS Marks, GA Croghan, A Jatoi, EE Finke, TA Sellers, P Yang. Lung Cancer. 2004 Feb;43(2):127-134. These scumbags did not merely ignore the role of infection; they also lumped smokers together with never-smokers in order to grandiosely proclaim that "Over 95% of women with lung cancer in our study were exposed to tobacco smoke through a personal smoking history or ETS."

de Andrade - Lung Cancer 2004 abstract / PubMed

GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms, environmental tobacco smoke exposure and risk of lung cancer among never smokers: a population-based study. AS Wenzlaff, ML Cote, CH Bock, SJ Land, AG Schwartz. Carcinogenesis 2005 Feb;26(2):395-401.

Wenzlaff / Carcinogenesis 2005 full article

Mortality associated with passive smoking in Hong Kong. SM McGhee, SY Ho, M Schooling, LM Ho, GN Thomas, AJ Hedley, KH Mak, R Peto, TH Lam. BMJ 2005 Feb 5;330(7486):287-288.

McGhee - BMJ 2005 full article / PubMed Central

Environmental tobacco smoke and risk of respiratory cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in former smokers and never smokers in the EPIC prospective study. P Vineis, L Airoldi, P Veglia, L Olgiati, R Pastorelli, H Autrup, A Dunning, S Garte, E Gormally, P Hainaut, C Malaveille, G Matullo, M Peluso, K Overvad, A Tjonneland, F Clavel-Chapelon, H Boeing, V Krogh, D Palli, S Panico, R Tumino, B Bueno-De-Mesquita, P Peeters, G Berglund, G Hallmans, R Saracci, and E Riboli. BMJ 2005 February 5;330(7486):277.

Vineis et al. - BMJ 2005 full article / PubMed Central

Risk factors for lung cancer in Iowa women: implications for prevention. JS Neuberger, JD Mahnken, MS Mayo, RW Field. Cancer Detect Prev 2006;30(2):158-167.

Neuberger - Cancer Detect Prev 2006 author manuscript / PubMed Central

Never smokers and lung cancer risk: a case-control study of epidemiological factors. OY Gorlova, Y Zhang, MB Schabath, L Lei, Q Zhang, CI Amos, MR Spitz. Int J Cancer 2006 Apr 1;118(7):1798-1804.

Gorlova - Int J Cancer 2006 abstract / PubMed

Environmental tobacco smoke and mortality in Chinese women who have never smoked: prospective cohort study. W Wen, XO Shu, YT Gao, G Yang, Q Li, H Li, W Zheng. BMJ 2006 Aug 19;333(7564):376.

Wen / BMJ 2006 full article

Tobacco Related Exposures. Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program. Announcement of the draft in the Federal Register was on Nov. 13, 2007. Although they still do not admit that Epstein-Barr virus is a human carcinogen, they have admiited that hepatitis viruses B and C and human papillomaviruses are human carcinogens. However, there is still no mention of HPV as a cause of lung cancer in discussions of either "Tobacco Related Exposures" or in "Human Papillomaviruses: Some Genital-Mucosal Types."

Tobacco Related Exposures / National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (pdf, 6 pp)
Table of Contents, 11th Report on Carcinogens / National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Occupational exposures, environmental tobacco smoke, and lung cancer. F Veglia, P Vineis, K Overvad, H Boeing, M Bergmann, A Trichopoulou, D Trichopoulos, D Palli, V Krogh, R Tumino, J Linseisen, K Steindorf, O Raaschou-Nielsen, A Tjonneland, CA Gonzalez, C Martinez, M Dorronsoro, A Barricarte, L Cirera, JR Quiros, NE Day, R Saracci, E Riboli. Epidemiology 2007 Nov;18(6):769-775.

Veglia - Epidemiology 2007 abstract / PubMed

Passive smoking and lung cancer in Japanese non-smoking women: a prospective study. N Kurahashi, M Inoue, Y Liu, M Iwasaki, S Sasazuki, T Sobue, S Tsugane; JPHC Study Group. Int J Cancer 2008 Feb 1;122(3):653-657.

Kurahashi - Int J Cancer 2008 abstract / PubMed

Passive smoking and lung cancer in Japanese non-smoking women: a prospective study. N Kurahashi, M Inoue, Y Liu, M Iwasaki, S Sasazuki, T Sobue, S Tsugane; JPHC Study Group. Int J Cancer 2008 Feb 1;122(3):653-657.

Kurahashi - Int J Cancer 2008 abstract / PubMed

Environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer among Chinese nonsmoking males: might adenocarcinoma be the culprit? LA Tse, IT Yu, JS Au, KS Yu, KP Kwok, H Qiu, TW Wong. Am J Epidemiol 2009 Mar 1;169(5):533-541.

Tse / Am J Epidemiol 2009 full article

Flagrant Fraud by the National Cancer Institute

Childhood Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and Functional Mannose Binding Lectin Polymorphisms Are Associated with Increased Lung Cancer Risk. SE Olivo-Marston, P Yang, LE Mechanic, ED Bowman, SR Pine, CA Loffredo, AJ Alberg, N Caporaso, PG Shields, S Chanock, Yanhong Wu, R Jiang, J Cunningham, J Jen and CC Harris. Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prevent 2009 Dec;18:3375-3383.

Olivo-Marston / Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prevent 2009 abstract

Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) mediates phagocytosis and activates complement, and is thus a component of the innate immune defense against infections such as HPV. MBL2 polymorphisms increase susceptibility to high-risk HPV infection!

Lung cancer risk in never-smokers: a population-based case-control study of epidemiologic risk factors. DR Brenner, RJ Hung, MS Tsao, FA Shepherd, MR Johnston, S Narod, W Rubenstein, JR McLaughlin. BMC Cancer 2010 Jun 14;10:285.

Brenner / BMC Cancer 2010 full article
Brenner - BMC Cancer 2010 full article / PubMed Central

PubMed Search: ETS "lung cancer" HPV

Search: ETS "lung cancer" HPV / PubMed

See Also:

The EPA's ETS Lies - The "EPA" report on secondhand smoke was secretly written by anti-smoking activists, under the auspices of George H.W. Bush's 1992 campaign manager
(en espańol) Mentiras sobre humo secundario
(en français) La fraude de l'cEPA au sujet de la fumée secondaire
(in het Nederlands) De leugens van EPA over passief roken
(Auf Deutsch) Lügen des EPA über Passivrauchen

HPV Causes Lung Cancer
Adenoviruses Are Implicated in Lung Cancer Via "hit-and-run" transformation, even tumors that lack any detectable virus-specific molecules may be of viral origin.
EBV Causes Lymphoepithelioma-Like Lung Cancer It has a predeliction for young nonsmoking Asians.
Confounding By Infection - How false smoking risks are generated by ignoring the role of infection.
What the ACS Knew In 1955 - The American Cancer Society has ignored the role of infection in lung cancer for seven decades.
The Lie That p53 Mutations Are the Mechanism Behind Lung Cancer Cancer occurs before mutations do, and viruses can disable p53 function without mutations.
Chemicals

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cast 02-05-15