His father-in-law, Donald
was a 31-year veteran of the C.I.A. who was assistant to Vice President
George H.W. Bush for national security affairs. He is a former Bush
speechwriter, and the son of William F. Buckley Jr., S&B 1950.
Lasker Family and the Order have had ties for more
than a century.
When Prussian legislator Eduard
died in New York City in 1884, he was autopsied by Dr. William H. Welch,
S&B 1870, and Andrew
Dickson White, Skull &
Bones 1853, spoke at his
funeral. Eduard Lasker's nephew, Albert
was a big benefactor of the American Cancer Society and its predecessor
since the 1920s - as well as holding the advertising account for the
American Tobacco Company! Albert Lasker's wife, Mary Woodard Lasker,
the head of the
began its persecution of tobacco, and the
most powerful health lobbyist in Washington, until her
1994. And his son, Edward Lasker, was a close friend of the
Yale-loyalist Cullman family, and a director of Philip
Morris until 1981.
Mrs. William McCormick Blair Jr. (aka "Deeda"), vice president of the Albert D. and Mary Woodard Lasker Foundation, is the daughter-in-law of William McCormick Blair, Skull & Bones 1907.
A phony establishment "history" of official lies: "Social movements as Catalysts for Policy Change: The Case of Smoking and Guns," by Constance A. Nathanson of Johns Hopkins University (Health Politics, Policy and Law 1999 June;24(3):421-488.) It fraudulently pretends that history is merely a series of disconnected events reflecting the will of a faceless, anonymous "society," instead of what it really is: THE WILL OF A LITTLE CLIQUE OF LYING, CHEATING, STEALING, POLITICALLY-CONNECTED VERMIN, who for more than a century have conspired to ram a health fascist dictatorship down America's throat, by manipulating events from behind the scenes and covering their tracks with official lies like this. IT IS A CONSCIOUS AND DELIBERATE PROGRAM OF WARFARE AGAINST THE PEOPLE BY THE ELITE.Nathanson, 1999 / tobacco document
Jonathan Russell, the Ammidons, and Russell & Co.; The Mendon
Connection; From Brown Brothers to the Morgan Guaranty Trust;
The De Kovens of Middletown, Connecticut and Chicago; George A. Butler,
a Black Partner of Russell & Company
From: America's Secret Establishment, An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones, by Antony C. Sutton. Liberty House Press, 1986, pages 89-91.
"Johns Hopkins, a wealthy Baltimore merchant, left his fortune to establish a University for graduate education (the first in the United States along German lines) and a medical school.
"Hopkins' trustees were all friends who lived in Baltimore. How then did they come to select Daniel Coit Gilman  as President of the new University?
"In 1874 the trustees invited three university presidents to come to Baltimore and advise on the choice of a President. These were Charles W. Eliot of Harvard, Andrew Dickson White of Cornell, and James B. Angell of Michigan. Only Andrew Dickson White was in The Order . After meeting independently with each of these presidents, half a dozen of the trustees toured several American Universities in search of further information - and Andrew D. White accompanied the tour. The result was, in the words of James Angell:
"'And now I have this remarkable statement to make to you, that without the least conference between us three, we all wrote letters telling them that the one man was Daniel C. Gilman of California.' [Footnote: John C. French, A History of the University Founded by Johns Hopkins. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1946, p. 26.] [French was a member of S&B Class of 1910 -cast]
"The truth is that Gilman not only knew what was going on in Baltimore, but was in communication with Andrew White on the 'Baltimore scheme,' as they called it.
"In a letter dated April 5, 1874, Gilman wrote as follows to Andrew D. White:
"'I could not conclude on any new proposition without conferring upon it with some of my family friends, and I have not felt at liberty to do so. I confess that the Baltimore (italics in original) scheme has ofttimes suggested itself to me, but I have no personal relations in that quarter.' [Footnote: Life of Daniel Coit Gilman, p. 157.]
"Here's the interesting point: the board appointed by Johns Hopkins to found a university did not even meet to adopt its by-laws and appoint committees until four weeks before this letter i.e., March 7, 1874. Yet Gilman tells us 'the Baltimore scheme has ofttimes suggested itself to me...'
"In brief, Gilman knew what was happening over in Baltimore BEFORE HIS NAME HAD BEEN PRESENTED TO THE TRUSTEES!
"Gilman became first President of Johns Hopkins University and quickly set to work.
"Johns Hopkins had willed substantial amounts for both a
and a medical school. Dr. William H. Welch ('70), a fellow member of
The Order, was brought in by Gilman to head up the Hopkins medical
school. (Welch was President of the Board of Directors of the
Rockefeller Institute of Medical
for almost 25 years,
THERE IS ANOTHER BONES CONNECTION IN THIS STORY: John Donnell Smith,
Skull & Bones 1847, whose father was a fellow director with
Hopkins on the board of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and an
original trustee of the Peabody Institute. His grandniece was the wife
of Dr. Stanhope
Skull & Bones 1910, a Bones classmate and very close friend of
President William H. Taft's son, Robert A. Taft, who ring-led the 1964
Surgeon General Report on smoking.
Daniel Coit Gilman (1831-1908) was born in Norwich, Conn. His
parents were William Charles and Eliza (Coit) Gilman. He moved
to New York City with his family when he was 14. "[H]e prepared for
college under John J. Owen, D D, LL D (Middlebury College 1828), who
was then principal of Cornelius Institute and afterwards professor of
Latin and Greek in College of the City of New York. He was also for a
short time a clerk in his father's mercantile house." While attending
Yale, he lived with his uncle, Professor James L. Kingsley. "After
graduation he continued his studies in New Haven under the direction of
Professor (afterward President) Porter and engaged in private teaching
and literary work, and in 1853 spent several months in graduate work at
Harvard University, where his home was with Professor Arnold Guyot. In
December of that year he and his friend, Andrew D. White (Y C 1853),
afterward president of Cornell University and United States Minister to
Russia and later to Germany, sailed for Europe as attachés of
the American Legation at St. Petersburg." He studied in Berlin and
traveled in various countries until 1855.... Between 1853 and 1908 Dr.
Gilman visited Europe ten times, extending his travels to Algiers,
Egypt and the Holy Land. He spent most of the summer of 1908 in
southern Europe, and returned to America October 7. After a brief stay
with relatives in Newport, R I, he went to the home of his sister in
Norwich, where he died suddenly of heart disease, October 13, at the
age of 77 years." (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1900-1910, p.
His uncle, Daniel
Wadsworth Coit, who had bought gold dust for the Rothschilds
the California gold rush, gave him sketches of San Francisco when he
went there to head the University of California in 1872.
Yale Professor James Luce Kingsley (1778-1852), YC 1799: His
was a first cousin of Enoch Perkins, YC 1781.
Prof. Kingsley's daughter married Henry Taylor Blake, Skull &
1848. (James Luce
Kingsley. (Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College: With
Annals of the College History. By Franklin Bowditch Dexter [S&B
1861]. Henry Holt
& Co., 1911.) Prof. Kingsley was also the grandfather of Prof. Henry Walcott Farnam's
Her father was William Lathrop Kingsley, Yale 1843, a founder of Scroll
& Key, and Prof. Kingsley's sons George T. Kingsley '32 and
Coit Kingsley, S&B 1834, were her uncles.
Daniel Coit Gilman's brother, Rev.
Edward W. Gilman, was married to
Prof. Benjamin Silliman (S&B 1837) Jr.'s sister, Julia Silliman
Gilman.- New York Times, Apr. 20, 1892, p.5.) Rev. Gilman was secretary
of the American Bible Society for nearly thirty years. "He contributed
frequently to the press, and several of his articles helped not a
little to prepare the churches of the country to receive the Revised
Version of the Scriptures." (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale,
1900-1910, p. 35.)
Daniel Coit Gilman's sister, Elizabeth Coit Gilman, was married to Rev. Joseph Parrish Thompson, S&B 1838 (Married. New York Times, Oct. 26, 1853), of the Broadway Tabernacle in New York City (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1870-1880, p. 398). Rev. Thompson's son, Dr. W. Gilman Thompson, was one of the New York University physicians who seceded to found Cornell University's Medical College, which was funded by Oliver Hazard Payne. Thompson was a member of the Hygiene Reference Board of the Life Extension Institute in 1916.Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1870-1880, p. 398 / Google Books
Gilman was formally inaugurated as the President of Johns
1876. In that year, his brother, William
Charles Gilman Jr., began
forging the scrip of the Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company, then using
them as collateral for loans from Henry Talmage & Co. (his
bankers, upon whose inner office wall hung a portait of the Gilmans'
late father, who had been a deacon in the Church of the Puritans); the
American Exchange National Bank; and the Home Life Insurance Company,
who appeared to be in on the scam: "A short time ago the Home officials
sent Gilman word that they wanted him to take back $30,000 of his
scrip. He understood what they meant and immediately raised the money."
The raised scrip was returned to Gilman, while Home kept the genuine
ones. Some of his indiviidual victims chose to remain anonymous and
take their losses, and wealthy relatives unsuccessfully attempted to
hush up the affair, while Gilman remained in hiding. Gilman's pastor,
the Rev. Dr. George H. Houghton of the Church of the Transfiguration
(aka The Little Church Around the Corner), and his wife's uncle, the
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, delivered heart-rending sermons on his plight.
Gilman confessed, attributing his crimes to excessive philanthropy as
well as business reversals, and was sentenced to five years hard labor
at Sing Sing, which was soon changed to bookkeeping at Auburn. Rev.
Houghton and Gilman's brother-in-law, George W. Lane, met him on the
train with a lunch from Delmonico's. (New York Times: Vast Forgeries
Exposed, Oct. 3, 1877; The Gilman Forgeries, Oct. 4, 1877; Local
Miscellany, The Gilman Compromise, Oct. 6, 1877; Miscellaneous City
News, More of Gilman's Rascalities, Oct. 9, 1877; W.C. Gilman
Sentenced, Oct. 13, 1877; Gilman's Change of Prison, Oct. 21, 1877;
Business Troubles. William C. Gilman's Debts, Nov. 10, 1877.)
Unfortunately, although there was great curiosity about who got the
more than $187,000 that Gilman acquired, no names were ever revealed.
Mrs. William C. Gilman was Catherine B. Perkins (1839-1879),
daughter of Thomas
Clap Perkins, Yale 1818, and Mary Foot Beecher, daughter of Rev. Lyman
Beecher; and grandaughter of Enoch Perkins (1760-1828), Yale
1781. (Commemorative Biographical Record of Hartford County,
Connecticut. JH Beers & Co., 1901.) Thomas Clap Perkins'
Rev, George W. Perkins, graduated from Yale in 1824. (Obituary Record
of Graduates of Yale, 1870-1880, p. 13.)
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher was the son of Rev. Lyman Beecher and
Roxanna Foote, who was a sister of Samuel E. Foote. Mrs. Samuel E.
Foote's sister was married to James Handasyd
in Cincinnati, and the Beecher family was there from 1832-1836.
George W. Lane was a former City Chamberlain, and the longtime President of the New York Chamber of Commerce. He married the Gilmans' sister, Harriet Lothrop Gilman, who died in 1881, and he married their sister Louisa in 1883. (Obituary. George William Lane. New York Times, Dec. 31, 1883.) William E. Dodge was one of the pallbearers at his funeral, which was attended by numerous wealthy and powerful businessmen (Events in the Metropolis, Funeral of George W. Lane. New York Times, Jan. 3, 1884.) Lane was a trustee of the Atlantic Mutual from at least 1876 to 1883. (Display Ads, New York Times, Jan. 27, 1876; Mar. 7, 1883.) Lane was also a trustee of the Central Trust Company between 1878 and at least 1881.Lawrence Gilman Papers (Children of William C. Gilman) / Georgetown University
James Burrill Angel (1829-1916) was born in Scituate, Rhode Island, graduated from Brown University in 1849, then studied two years in Europe. He was professor of Literature and Modern Languages at Brown University from 1853-1860, and one of his students was John Hay, who studied law in Abraham Lincoln's law office. He took over the editorship of the Providence Daily Journal, when its editor, Henry B. Anthony, was elected to the US Senate. He was President of the University of Vermont from 1866-1871, and President of the University of Michigan from 1871-1909. In 1845, he had married the daughter of Alexis Caswell, who was professor of mathematics and natural philosophy, and later the President, of Brown University (1868-1872). (Article 6. New York Times, Mar. 25, 1880 p. 4; Seven Decades of a Busy Life. New York Times, Feb. 11, 1912 p. BR64; James B. Angell, Noted Teacher, Dies. New York Times, Apr. 2, 1916.)
Alexis Caswell was elected Secretary of the newly-formed National Academy of Sciences in 1863. The NAS was created much in the manner of a secret society such as Skull & Bones, in which those secretly selected for membership may either accept or decline. Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, was considered a prime instigator. (The National Academy of Sciences: The First Hundred Years, 1863-1963. By Rexmond C. Cochrane. National Academy of Sciences, 1978. Chapter 3, The Incorporation and Organization of the Academy.) James Dwight Dana, who was elected a Vice President, was married to Benjamin Silliman Jr.'s sister, Henrietta Frances Silliman (Prof. Dana of Yale Dead. New York Times, Apr. 15, 1895; Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1890-1900, p. 279.)The National Academy of Sciences, Ch. 3 / National Academy Press
In 1887, President Cleveland appointed James B. Angell and
then-Secretary of State Thomas
Bayard (1828-1898) as members of the
International Commission of Canadian Fisheries. In 1891, Dr. Frank
Angell married Bayard's daughter, Louise. Numerous members of the Du
Pont family attended the wedding. (Angell - Bayard. New York Times,
Dec. 22, 1891.) Dr. Frank Angell was born in Scituate, Rhode Island,
the son of Charles and Harriet King Angell. He graduated from the
University of Vermont in 1878, and got his Ph.D. from the University of
Leipzig in 1891. He founded the psychology labs at Cornell and Stanford
Universities, and was a member of the Belgian Relief Commission during
the Hoover administration. (Dr. Frank Angell, 82, Taught at Stanford.
New York Times, Nov. 3, 1939.) Thomas Francis Bayard Jr. (1868-1942),
S&B 1890, who was the
sixth member of his family to serve in the US Senate, was the direct
descendant of James Asheton Bayard Sr. (1767-1815) and Jr. (1799-1880).
He married a daughter of Alexis Irénée duPont. (Bulletin
of Yale University, Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University
Deceased during the Year 1942-1943, p 29; Ex-Sen. Bayard, 74, of
Dies. New York Times, Jul. 13, 1942.) James B. Angell's sister,
Carolyn, married Dr. Peter Collier, who was dean of the Medical School
at the University of Vermont during Angell's tenure. Their daughter,
Amy A. Collier, studied at the University of Michigan while he was
president there. She married attorney Gilbert H. Montague in 1907.
(Mrs. G.H. Montague Stricken in Maine. New York Times, Sep. 23, 1940.)
James B. Angell had a brother, William, of Chicago, who was present at
his death; this may have been William A. Angell, who was a close
associate of George M. Pullman of the Pullman Palace Car Company; he
and Guaranty Trust director Norman
B. Ream were Pullman's pallbearers.
Another Angell, Charles, who had been Secretary of the company since
its formation, absconded with $120,000 and was sent to prison in 1878.
James B. Angell was a member of the National Committee for
Hygiene, co-founded by Johns Hopkins psychiatrist Adolf Meyer. Meyer
and fellow advisory committee members Jane
Lewellys F. Barker,
Arthur T. Hadley
[S&B 1876], Adolf
Meyer, and William H. Welch
were later members of Yale's Institute of Human Relations, along with
James B. Angell's son, James
Rowland Angell. James R. Angell became the
first President of Yale who was not an alumnus.
Brown University's experience foreshadowed that the University of Chicago: "It is well known that Brown University was founded by the Baptists, and the charter requires the President and a majority of the corporation to belong to that body of Christians. At the same time, the charter, with a liberality unknown elsewhere in the country, provides for full representation of other sects, both in the corporation and among the professors. The real ultimate object of the movement before the Alumni was to obtain an amendment of the charter by which the control of the University would finally be taken from the hands of the Baptists." (The Colleges. New York Times, June 7, 1870.)
Daniel Coit Gilman (S&B 1852) was the first president of the Carnegie Institution from 1902 to 1904, and a trustee until 1908. Andrew D. White (S&B 1853) was a trustee from 1902 to 1916; John S. Billings from 1902 to 1913; William H. Welch (S&B 1870) from 1906 to 1934; Simon Flexner from 1913 to 1914; John J. Carty of AT&T (a member of the advisory committee of Yale's Institute of Human Relations) from 1916 to 1932; and Frederic C. Walcott (S&B 1891) from 1931 to 1948. Later trustees include Edward E. David, Hanna H. Gray, and J. Irwin Miller.Carnegie Institution Yearbook 1999-2000 / Carnegie Institution (pdf, 4pp)
Gilman conspired with James H. Kirkland and others to grab the money for a teacher's college from George Peabody's 1867 will for Vanderbilt University versus the University of Nashville. The University was endowed by "Commodore" Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794-1877), after his second wife's cousin, Methodist Bishop Holland N. McTyeire of Nashville, recuperated at the Vanderbilt mansion after medical treatment in 1873. The University's ties to the Methodist Episcopal Church were cut in 1914, under Chancellor Kirkland.The History of Vanderbilt University / Vanderbilt University
Chauncey Mitchell Depew (1834-1928), Skull & Bones 1856, was a lifelong friend of his fellow Bonesman, Andrew Dickson White. Depew's family had long been associated with Cornelius Vanderbilt, and he began his career as an attorney for the New York and Harlem Railroad. He was its president from 1885 to 1899, and its chairman after serving as US Senator from 1899-1911. (Bulletin of Yale University Obituary Record of Yale Graduates 1927-1928, pp. 5-9.) Two of Depew's longtime cronies, Sen. George F. Hoar of Massachusetts, and New York attorney Joseph H. Choate, were involved in the Vanderbilt University conspiracy.Chauncey M. Depew Papers / George Washington University (pdf)
Chauncey Depew's niece, Dr. Elise Strang L'Esperance, was on the Board of Managers of the Memorial Center for Cancer and Allied Diseases. She and her sister, May Strang, founded the Kate Depew Strang Prevention Clinic at Memorial, and they used their inheritance from Uncle Chauncey to establish the Strang Tumor Clinic at New York Infirmary (of which Dr. L'Esperance became the director in 1937). "In 1910 she became associated with Dr. James Ewing as an assistant in the department of pathology of the Cornell Medical School," and became an instructor within two years. She became a full Clinical Professor of Preventive Medicine in 1950. She received the Lasker Award for Clinical Research in 1951. (Dr. L'Esperance, Specialist, Dead. New York Times, Jan. 22, 1959.) Ewing supplied the scientifically-fraudulent health fascist ideology of the American Society for the Control of Cancer and its successor, the American Cancer Society, which is shared by the Strang Cancer Prevention Center.Dr. Elise Depew Strang L'Esperance / National Library of Medicine, NIH
Gilman and other members of Skull & Bones were among the incorporators of the American Red Cross in 1905.
(Andrew Dickson White. Obituary Record of the Graduates, Yale
University 1915-20, p. 840.)
Andrew Dickson White, M.A., LL.D., L.H.D. Educator, Politician, Statesman, by Prof. George L. Burr, Popular Science Monthly, Feb. 1896. In: Onondaga's Centennial, Dwight H. Bruce, editor. Boston History Co. 1896, Vol. II, Biographical, pp. 75-84. White was the author of "A History of the Warfare of Science With Theology in Christendom" (D. Appleton & Co., 1896.) The health fascist ideology that the Skull & Bones conspirators have imposed on us is really nothing but religious dogma cloaked in the superficial trappings of science.Andrew Dickson White bio / Rootsweb
Other friends of White included Andrew Carnegie; Ulysses S. Grant; Henry Williams Sage; William H. Taft; William Roscoe Thayer, president of the American Historical Association; and Prince Henry of Prussia.Andrew Dickson White Papers, 1832-1919 / Cornell University
Frank Howard Trevor Rhodes, president of Cornell from 1977-1995, was a principal of the Washington Advisory Group.Biographies of Cornell's Presidents / Cornell University
White recommended his former student, anti-smoker David Starr Jordan, to head the university which had just been founded by Sen. Leland Stanford in California.
Eduard Lasker, Prussian National Liberal Party Member of Parliament, and the author of Bismarck's plan for the unification of Germany around Prussia, was the brother of Albert D. Lasker's father, Morris Lasker.Morris Lasker / The Handbook of Texas Online
After serving in the Prussian parliament from 1865 to 1879,
Lasker died in New York City during a visit to the US in 1883-84. He
traveled with the Villard party to the opening of the Northern Pacific
Railroad in Seattle; visited his brother in Galveston, and also visited
New Orleans, Cincinnati, and Washington, DC. On the night of his death,
he had been at a dinner party at the house of Jesse W. Seligman, and
was walking back to his rooms with a Mr. August Wasserman of
California. (The Death of Dr. Lasker. New York Times Jan. 6, 1884, p7.)
In New York, he stayed with a cousin, dry goods merchant Charles Henry
Richter, at 102 Lexington Avenue. (Herr Lasker's Sudden Death.
Washington Post, Jan. 6, 1884.)
"The medical men at the autopsy, yesterday, were Dr. William
Welch, of the Bellevue Medical College; Dr. Abraham Jacobi, the
attendant physician of Dr. Lasker; Dr. C.T. Buffum, who was called in
at the livery stable [near where Lasker collapsed], and Dr. W.T.
Jenkins, Deputy Coroner." (Cause of Edouard Lasker's Death. New York
Times, Jan. 7, 1884.)
The funeral: "Among the invited guests who attended were the
Henry Ward Beecher, Chief-Justice Daly, Judge Noah Davis, Judge Van
Hoesen, the Rev. Dr. De Sola Mendes, William M. Evarts, Herr Feigel,
German Counsel-General in this City; the staff of the German
August Belmont, Morris K. Jesup, Edward
and Adolph L. Sanger." The pallbearers
included Mayor Edson, Jesse Seligman, Meyer S. Isaacs, Hyman Blum,
Lewis May, J.H. Schiff, Lazarus Rosenfeld, Hugo Wesendonck, Meyer
Stern, William Steinway, and Dr. A. Jacobi. (The Funeral of Dr. Lasker.
President White, Mr. Schurz, and Others Pay Tribute to His Memory. New
York Times, Jan. 11, 1884.) William Maxwell Evarts was a member of
Skull & Bones, class of 1837. He was the great-grandfather of
Archibald Cox Jr.,
of the Health Effects Institute
"Lasker's death was the occasion of a curious episode, which caused much discussion at the the time. The American House of Representatives adopted a motion of regret, and added to it these words: 'That his loss is not alone to be mourned by the people of his native land, where his constant exposition of, and devotion to, free and liberal ideas have materially advanced the social, political, and economic conditions of these people, but by the lovers of liberty throughout the world.' This motion was sent through the American minister at Berlin to the German foreign office, with a request that it might be communicated to the president of the Reichstag. It was to ask Bismarck officially to communicate a resolution in which a foreign parliament expressed an opinion in German affairs exactly opposed to that which the emperor at his advice had always followed. Bismarck therefore refused to communicate the resolution, and returned it through the German minister at Washington.'" (Lasker, Eduard (1829-1884). LoveToKnow 1911 Encyclopedia.)Lasker, Eduard / LoveToKnow 1911 Encyclopedia
Lasker was one of 40 Germans who were invited to attend the opening of the Northern Pacific Railroad in Seattle in 1883. One of the addresses at his funeral was given by Andrew Dickson White, who "had known him well in Berlin" when White was the US minister to Germany. The other address was given by White's "friend of many years," Carl Schurz. (Autobiography of Andrew Dickson White, Chapters 35 and 11. The Century Co, 1904, 1905.)Autobiography of Andrew Dickson White, Ch. 35 / Worldwide School
The German visitors were entertained by George Washburn during
stopover in Minneapolis. (Domestic Dispatches. Galveston Daily News,
Sep. 2, 1883.) Some of the Germans also accepted an invitation from the
Topeka & Santa Fe Railway to travel over its line to Denver
stop in Albuquerque) and on to Kansas City. "Their names are: Dr.
Eduard Lasker, imperial German parliament, Berlin; Dr. Paul Lindau,
Berlin; Dr. George Siemens, director German bank, Berlin; Herr Theodore
Spaeth, privy councillor, Speyer; Herr Adolph Froehlich, bank
president, Zweibrucken; Dr. Richard Oberlander, editor Weltpost and
special correspondent Frankfurter Zeitung Leipsic; Herr Udo Brachvogal,
editor New York Belletristiches Journal and special correspondent Ueber
Land and Meer, New York; Dr. jar. Ernst Magnus, Breslau; Dr. jar. H.
Oswalt, Frankfurt O.M.; Dr. med. Paul Wolfskehl, Darmstadt; Herr
Friedrich Hess, proprietor California Demokrat, San Francisco." (Noted
Railway Capitalists. Rocky Mountain News, Oct. 6, 1883 p. 2.) They
reached Galveston on Oct. 11. (The Galveston Daily News, Oct. 11, 1883.)
Eduard Lasker sleeps for eternity in a double grave beside his friend, Ludwig Bamberger, the founder of the German Liberal Union Party.Eduard Lasker / Find A Grave
Andrew D. White, James B. Angell, and Daniel Coit Gilman were also active in the National Education Association.Brainwashing the Children
Directors of the Northern
during 1882-84 were Frederick
H. Barney, John W.
Harris, Thomas F. Oakes, J.
Pierpont Morgan, Henry Villard, and August
Belmont, of New York; J.L. Stackpole and Benjamin F. Cheney, of Boston;
and John C. Bullitt and Henry E. Johnston, of Philadelphia. (The
Northern Pacific Road. New York Times, Sep. 22, 1882; Accepting His
Resignation. New York Times, Jan. 5, 1884.) Ashbel H. Barney was a
founder of Wells, Fargo
Co. His son,
Whitney's brother-in-law. Billings and Rolston were directors of the
Farmers Loan and Trust Company.
Villard's guests included British investors as well. Sir James
Hannen, Sir W. Brampton Gurdon, Francis Buxton, member of Parliament;
Sir Arthur Hobhouse, K.C.S.I.; Henry Edwards, Lord Justice Bowen, Lord
Carrington, S.G. Rathbone, James Bryce, M.P.; J. Annan Bryce, Albert
Pel, and Henry B. Samuelson went by two special cars on the
Pennsylvania Railroad. In four speciasl cars on the Erie Railway were
Gen. Grant, Samuel J. Tilden, Capt. Holford, Robert H. Benson,
Vicary Gibbs, and
Albert H.G. Gray, M.P., and others. (The Northern Pacific Guests. New
York Times, Aug. 31, 1883.)
Carl Schurz had been a member of the Geman revolutionary movement of 1848, then immigrated to Watertown, Wisconsin in 1855, but left to practice law in Milwaukee in 1859. After service in the Civil War, he was elected US Senator from Missouri, 1869-75, and was Secretary of the Interior from 1877 to 1881. From 1881 to 1884, he was editor of The New York Evening Post.Carl Schurz bio / US Congress
Watertown, Wisconsin had a settlement of German political refugees from the revolution of 1848 who spoke Latin and Greek. Carl Schurz's wife established the first kindergarten in the US there. Mary Woodard was born in Watertown in 1900; her father, Frank E. Woodard, was president of the Bank of Watertown.Settlement / Watertown Historical Society
Schurz studied under Prof. Gottfried Kinkel before fleeing Germany; and in 1860 was a member of the University of Wisconsin Board of Regents. (Register of the Papers of Carl Schurz, at The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.)Papers of Carl Schurz / Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies
Karl Marx and Frederick Engels ridiculed Kinkel and Schurz in "The Heroes of the Exile!," 1852.The Heroes of the Exile! / Marxists Internet Archive
The owner of the Evening Post, Henry Villard (aka Ferdinand Heinrich Gustav Hilgard), was also in the management of the Northern Pacific Railroad, representing "European financial interests speculating in American railroads." Werner von Siemens, founder of Siemens & Halsted, had had a seat in the Prussian legislature from 1862-66; and Deutsche Bank, whose first head of management was his cousin's son, Georg von Siemens, was a major owner of the Northern Pacific; and they also financed Thomas Edison and the Edison General Electric Company. Villard also owned The Nation, and had married the daughter of one of its founders, William Lloyd Garrison.Henry Villard (1835-1900) / Helmut Schwab
The Nation and The New Republic, by Beulah Amidon. The Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute.The Nation and the New Republic / Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute
Dr. Abraham Jacobi, Eduard Lasker's physician in New York, got his degree at Bonn University in 1851. He was a very close friend of Carl Schurz and had also been deeply involved in the German Revolution of 1848. He was the first Professor of Pediatrics at New York Medical College (1860-1870), then Professor of Pediatrics at City University of New York from 1870 to 1902. In 1873, he married Mary Corinna Putnam, the daughter of the founder of GP Putnam & Sons, publishers; her brother, Herbert Putnam, was later the Librarian of Congress. In cooperation with the German Society of the city of New York, he co-founded the German Dispensary, which later became Lenox Hill Hospital. (Abraham Jacobi. Geman Information Center, 1976.) (Cazoo City is on the outskirts of Edison, New Jersey.) Mary Jacobi was one of the feminist financiers who forced Johns Hopkins Medical School to admit women.Abraham Jacobi bio / Cazoo Library
John J. McCloy and Benjamin Butterweiser were later trustees of Lenox Hill Hospital; Rose Cippolone (of smoking lawsuit fame) was a patient there; and CTR Scientific Advisory Board member Sheldon Sommers had been one of her pathologists.
Jacobi was an uncle-by-marriage of Franz Boas, head of the Department of Anthropology at Columbia University. Boas was a member of the Advisory Committee of Yale's Institute of Human Relations, chaired by William H. Welch, in 1929. Boas's students included Frances Humphrey Howard's friend Margaret Mead; and M.F. Ashley Montagu, who contributed his specious denuniciation, "Nothing Can Be Said in Favor of Tobacco," to George Seldes's rag, In fact, in the 1940s. ("The Boas Conspiracy": The History of the Behavioral Sciences as Viewed From the Extreme Right. Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Meeting of CHEIRON, 2001, by Prof. Andrew S. Winston of the University Guelph, who scoffs at the idea of conspiracy.)Winston / York University
The flour magnates enlisted by Frederick T. Gates to found the University of Chicago included Charles A. Pillsbury (died 1899), whose uncle was John S. Pillsbury (1827-1901), the governor of Minnesota from 1876 to 1887. Charles had twin sons, John S. Pillsbury and Charles S. Pillsbury. John Sargent Pillsbury Jr., who became president of Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co., was initiated into Skull & Bones class of 1935; and Edward Pennington Pillsbury, who died prior to 1952, was in the S&B class of 1936. The former governor's brother, George A. Pillsbury, was a member of the first board of trustees of the University of Chicago.George A. Pillsbury / Ancestry.com
Mary Pillsbury Lord (Mrs. Oswald Bates Lord) was a director of the National Citizens Committee for the World Health Organization in 1964. Her husband was a member of Skull & Bones class of 1926, and her son, Winston Lord, the former chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations, is a member of S&B class of 1959. She is also the mother-in-law of Bette Bao Lord. Fellow directors included Basil O'Connor, president of the National Foundation; Harold S. Diehl of the American Cancer Society; and Howard A. Rusk.National Citizens Committee for the World Health Organization, Final Board Meeting, 1964 / tobacco document
In 1974, Mrs. Lord was on the Board of Directors of the American Association for World Health, Inc., the US Committee for the World Health Organization. Fellow directors included Leona Baumgartner; Walter G. James, Vice President for Public Education of the American Cancer Society; George Baehr of the Health Insurance Plan of Greater New York; and Howard A. Rusk.American Association for World Health, 1974 / tobacco document
Mrs. Oswald Lord was a member of Republicans for Progress, a
splinter group of "progressive" Republicans headed by Charles P. Taft,
S&B 1918 (19 Republicans Join Party Progressives. New York
Apr. 15, 1965.) Other members included Walter N. Thayer,
who was a
member of the Ash Council that created the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency; and Mrs. Webster B. Todd, the mother of EPA
Todd Whitman. And, Taft's crony, John C. Topping Jr.,
for the EPA to proclaim that secondhand smoke caused cancer, and was a
crony of the secret author of the main chapters of the EPA's report.
From "The Rockefeller Chronicle," by Anne Bennett Swingle, an approved history in the Fall 2002 Hopkins Medical News: "In the summer of 1897 as Frederick Gates, a former Baptist minister who had become John D. Rockefeller's most trusted advisor, vacationed with his family on Lake Liberty in the Catskill Mountains, he began perusing William Osler's Principles and Practice of Medicine. Gates was fascinated with the scholarly approach to diagnosing and treating disease laid out by Johns Hopkins Hospital's first physician-in-chief. And yet, he hungered for more. 'To a layman like me demanding cures, [Osler] had no word of comfort,' Gates wrote later.
"The key to curing disease, Gates believed, lay in scientific
research. He took that idea to John D. Rockefeller Jr., who would
shortly take over the family fortune, and Rockefeller Jr. clearly got
the message. Four years later, on a March evening in 1901, as he dined
with two New York physician-friends, Christian Herter
Rockefeller Jr. told them he was planning to create an institution
devoted solely to medical research. Who, he asked them, could lead such
an organization? Both doctors shot back the same name: William Welch of
The Hopkins will was to have funded the medical school with 15,000 shares of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, but by 1884, their value had dropped, and there was no longer enough money. The daughters of four of the Hopkins trustees (M. Carey Thomas, daughter of physician James Carey Thomas; Mary Elizabeth Garrett, daughter of B&O railroad tycoon Robert Garrett; Bessie King, daughter of trustee chairman Francis T. King; Mamie Gwinn, daughter of executor Charles J.M. Gwinn), and Julie Rogers, founders of the Bryn Mawr School for Girls, offered more money on the condition that the Hopkins medical school admit women. Additional allies included Caroline Harrison, wife of the sitting president; Jane Stanford, wife of Stanford University founder Leland Stanford and then a US senator; Bertha Palmer, "the queen of Chicago society," whose husband, Potter Palmer, built the Palmer House Hotel; Louisa Adams, wife of President John Quincy Adams; abolitionist Julia Ward Howe; Alice Longfellow, daughter of the poet; novelist Sarah Ome Jewett; and the woman physicians Mary Putnam Jacobi (wife of Abraham Jacobi) and Emily Blackwell. (The Other Feminist, by Janet Farrar Worthington. Johns Hopkins Medical News; and Mary Elizabeth Garrett, Founding Benefactor of the School of Medicine, by Nancy McCall. The Hopkins Gazette, Feb. 12, 2001.) The B&O is now part of CSX. Bertha Mathilde Honore Palmer was a financial mainstay of Jane Addams's Hull House.Worthington / Hopkins Medical News
William H. Welch (1850-1934) originally had "no interest in
a physician; his major ambition was to become a tutor of Greek." Welch
was appointed by Daniel Coit Gilman in 1884 as the first
fulltime member of the faculty of Johns Hopkins University, and
assembled its faculty with the help of John Shaw Billings. He also
founded and was the first director of the School of Hygiene and Public
Health. Welch knew Abraham Jacobi from his intern days at Bellevue
Hospital in 1875-76, and met Billings (supposedly by accident) during
his training in Liepzig, Germany in 1876-77. (Bulletin of Yale
University. Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased
during the Year 1933-1934, pp. 14-17.) Lewis
R. Packard, Skull & Bones 1856, a nephew of Rev. George Trask,
was professor of Greek at Yale from 1863 to 1884.
Biographical material collected by Simon Flexner for biography, "William Henry Welch and the Heroic Age of American Medicine."Flexner's Welch collection / Johns Hopkins Medical Institute
Welch's ties to Skull and Bones are explicitly noted in his papers collection in the Johns Hopkins archives: Folder 67/13-15, YALE COLLEGE "Skull and Bones," 1871-1933.Welch papers Series II / Johns Hopkins Medical Institute
& Bones 1894, professor of pediatrics at
Johns Hopkins since 1912, in 1914 "took over the
direction of the William H. Welch Endowment for Clinical Education and
Research, along with Dr. William
Yale 1874, and Dr. Theodore
C. Janeway, Yale 1891.
Welch was a correspondent of James R. Angell from 1919 to
1930; Lewellys F.
Barker from 1901-31;
Arthur D. Bevan
1919-1929, and Mrs. Bloodgood 1929-33; William Cabell Bruce
Nicholas M. Butler 1904-1920; John J. Carty from 1926-30; J. McKeen
Cattell 1919-1930; Alfred
Cohn 1926-32; William
1923-1933; Surgeon General Hugh
Cumming 1920-34; Harvey
including "Press clipping with photos Yale class of 1870"; and Frederic
Shepard Dennis (Skull & Bones 1872), who established the
Laboratory in 1895, was a correspondent from 1862 to 1933. "Dr. Dennis
was persuaded to take up medicine by the late Dr. William H. Welch of
Connecticut, father of Dr. William H. Welch, internationally famous
pathologist of Johns Hopkins University, who is called the dean of
American Medicine. Dr. Dennis and the present Dr. Welch were intimate
friends since their boyhood days in Connecticut. They were room-mates
at Winchester Academy and Yale." He also graduated from the Royal
College of Surgeons in London, then "worked for a time under von
Langenbeck, surgeon general of the Prussian Army." He was professor of
clinical surgery at Bellevue Hospital Medical College from 1883 to
1888, and at Cornell Medical College until retiring emeritus in 1910.
(Dr. F.S. Dennis Dies; Famed As Surgeon. New York Times, Mar. 9, 1934.)
Welch was a correspondent of Charles W. Eliot from 1902-1922; John H. Finley from 1925-32; Simon Flexner from 1899-1934; Raymond B. Fosdick 1922-1934; John C. French from 1921-32; Frederick T. Gates from 1907-25; Daniel C. Gilman from 1884-1901, and Elizabeth Gilman from 1911-33; Ludvig Hektoen 1910-20; Robert W. Johnson in 1919, 1920 and 1930; Jerome D. Greene 1914-1927; Theodore C. Janeway 1904-17; David S. Jordan in 1911; Vernon Kellogg from 1924-30, and with his wife Charlotte Kellogg until 1934.Welch papers Series I, E-K / Johns Hopkins Medical Institute
Welch was a correspondent of anti-smoker Alexander Lambert in 1919; William J. Mayo from 1910-20; Albert G. Milbank from 1929-34; Raymond Pearl from 191-34; Sen. Joseph E. Ransdell in 1927 and 1931-33; John D. Rockefeller Jr. between 1901 and 1934, and Wickliffe Rose of the Rockefeller Foundation 1914-1931; and Peyton Rous from 1922-34. He also kept in touch with old classmates from Yale, including George D. Miller, from 1870 to 1929. George Douglas Miller (also S&B 1870) was the "Patriarch" who donated the Deer Iland retreat to the group, and requested that peculiar spelling of the word "island." Another classmate whom Welch kept in touch with was Dwight Whitney Learned, S&B 1870, from 1869 to 1933. Learned went to Japan in 1875 and helped found Doshisha University, and served as its first and/or second president. Welch was also a correspondent of James Gore King McClure, S&B 1870, from 1871-1930. McClure was a Presbyterian minister who headed Lake Forest College from 1892-93 and 1897-1901, and president of McCormick Theological Seminary in 1905.Welch papers Series I, L-R / Johns Hopkins Medical Institute
Welch was a correspondent of Margaret Sanger from 1921-33; Edward W. Sheldon 1925-1932; George H. Simmons from 1911-1930; W. Gilman Thompson from 1910-1920; Ray Lyman Wilbur from 1911-31; Edwin B. Wilson from 1919-32; Woodrow Wilson from 1910-1918; C.-E.A. Winslow from 1919-1934; and Milton C. Winternitz from 1919-34.Welch papers Series I, S-Z / Johns Hopkins Medical Institute
William Welch was a co-founder of the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis in 1904. Drs. Hermann Biggs, Lawrence Flick, and William Osler were other co-founders, and its first president was Edward Livingston Trudeau. Edward Livingston Trudeau Jr. joined Skull & Bones in 1896, but died of TB in 1904. The organization changed its name to the National Tuberculosis Association in 1918, and later became the American Lung Association. (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1900-1910, p. 375; The Birth of the ALA, by Donny Wright and Joby Topper. University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, 1998.)The Birth of the ALA / The University of Virginia Health System
Livingston Farrand (1867-1939) was Executive Secretary of the NASPT from 1905 to 1914; President of the University of Colorado 1914-1919; Chairman of the Executive Committee of the American National Red Cross from 1919 to 1921; and President of Cornell University from 1921 to 1937. He was a graduate of Princeton University, 1888.Livingston Farrand, President, 1921-1937 / Cornell University
In 1913, Farrand was a founder of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, the predecessor of the American Cancer Society.
In 1939, Farrand co-authored a "Report to the Rockefeller Foundation on the Education of Public Health Personnel" with Thomas Parran. (Who Will Keep the Public Healthy? Educating Public Health Professionals in the 21st Century. Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy Press, 2003.)Educating Public Health Professionals, 2003 / National Academy Press
Welch was a trustee of the Carnegie Institution from 1906 to 1934. Daniel Coit Gilman (S&B 1852) was its first president from 1902 to 1904, and a trustee until 1908; Andrew D. White (S&B 1853) was a trustee from 1902 to 1916; John S. Billings from 1902-1913; Simon Flexner from 1913-1914; John J. Carty of AT&T from 1916-1932; and Frederic C. Walcott (S&B 1891) was a trustee from 1931 to 1948. Later trustees include Edward E. David, Hanna H. Gray, and J. Irwin Miller.Carnegie Institution Yearbook 1999-2000 / Carnegie Institution (pdf, 4pp)
Hopkins psychiatrist Adolf Meyer helped edit Clifford Whittingham Beers's autobiography, A Mind That Found Itself," and was a co-founder of the National Committee for Mental Hygiene. In 1910, its members included future IHR advisory committee members Jane Addams, Edwin A. Alderman, Lewellys F. Barker, Arthur T. Hadley, Adolf Meyer, and William H. Welch; James R. Angell's father, James B. Angell; assorted Bonesmen: Otto T. Bannard, S&B 1876, President of New York Trust Co. and Vice President of the Charity Organization of the City of New York under Robert W. de Forest; mathematical economist Irving Fisher, S&B 1888; Gifford Pinchot, S&B 1889; prep school founder Sherman Day Thacher, S&B 1883; Yale Secretary Anson Phelps Stokes, S&B 1896; plus financier Major Henry L. Higginson (whose wife was Ida Agassiz); and Stanford President David Starr Jordan.Beers / Disability Museum
William H. Welch was President and a member of the Executive Committee of the National Academy of Sciences from 1913 to 1917. In 1916, John J. Carty, Chief Engineer and later Vice President of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, and future member of the advisory board of the Institute of Human Relations, was Chairman of the Executive Committee of the newly-organized National Research Council, and anti-smoker Raymond Pearl was one of its members. (The National Academy of Sciences: The First Hundred Years, 1863-1963; Ch. 8 World War I and the Creation of the National Research Council, p. 214. National Academy of Sciences, 1978.)The National Academy of Sciences / National Academy Press
Welch was a trustee of the Hooper Foundation for Medical Research at the University of California from 1913 to 1922.
Welch was a trustee of the China Medical Board from 1914 to 1928, and Peking Union Medical College from 1915 to 1931.
In 1929, Yale President James Angell created the Institute of Human Relations, with Welch as its Chairman, setting up a national policy network controlled by Skull & Bones and cronies of Albert Lasker.
William H. Welch helped organize and was the first faculty member of the Delta Omega Honorary Public Health Society at JHU. Raymond Pearl, the author of the 1938 actuarial anti-smoking study trumpeted by George Seldes, was elected to its Alpha Chapter in 1925. Pearl was a crony of C.C. Little in the birth control movement in the 1920s. Charles-Edward Amory Winslow was a member of its Epsilon Chapter from Yale University, ca. 1927, and was the organization's president from 1927-28. It also had chapters at Harvard (Beta), the University of Michigan (Delta), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Gamma), and the University of California (Zeta). (A History of the Delta Omega Honorary Public Health Society, by Gerald J. Shorb.)Shorber / Delta Omega (pdf, 27pp)
"The effort to commit the federal government to the active
of cancer research precedes by sixty years the Panel of Consultants. In
1910, President William Howard Taft proposed the creation of a "Bureau
of Public Health" which, in addition to exercising federal quarantine
powers, would also provide opportunity 'for investigation and research
by competent experts into questions of health affecting the whole
country.' Taft's proposal prompted the American Association for Cancer
Research to instruct Dr. H.R. Gaylord, director of the New York State
Cancer Laboratory in Buffalo, to write the president and request the
inclusion of a cancer division within the proposed bureau. Gaylord, who
had been studying cancer of the thyroid in trout, personally delivered
his memorandum to the president. He stressed that the cause of cancer
was not yet known, that promising lines of research were being pursued
on cancer in lower animals, especially fish, and that careful study of
cancer in fish would provide information of an invaluable character for
humanity. The memorandum concluded with a request for an appropriation
to immediate establish and operate a laboratory for the study of fish
diseases." ((From "Cancer Crusade: The Story of the National Cancer Act
of 1971." By Richard Rettig. Joseph Henry Press, 1977. Ch. 3, The
National Cancer Institute, p. 42)(Bulletin of Yale University. Obituary
Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year
1929-1930, pp. 70-73.) Dr. William
S. Thayer was one of Taft's physicians during his final
(Physicians Doubt Taft Will Recover. AP. Ironwood Daily Globe, Feb.4,
William H. Taft (1857-1930) was president of the United States
1909 to 1913. William H. Welch (S&B 1870) was a social friend
Howard Taft (S&B 1878)
since at least 1905. Taft had been one of the incorporators of the American Red Cross in that
year. IHR advisory committee members Harvey
Cushing and Lewellys
H. Comroe Sr. (the father of the member of CTR Scientific
Board member) were also friends of Taft. The website
notes that the Maryland Club, where they had their dinners, "was
astonishingly uncooperative with efforts to research these historical
events." (Physicians in William Howard Taft's Life. Apneos.) Taft
stated that "I have never used tobacco in my life" (Mr. Taft on Diet
Loses 70 Pounds. The New York Times, Dec. 12, 1913.) IHR member John Hays Hammond
(Book and Snake
1876) was one of Taft's boyhood friends, and Mabel Boardman
of the Red
Cross was one of his most intimate friends. Former tobacco man Edwin A. McAlpin
President of the National League of Republican Clubs at the beginning
of the 1908 election campaign. (The Most Intimate Friends of President
Taft. By E.J. Edwards. New York Times, May 29, 1910.) His brother,
George L. McAlpin, graduated from Yale in 1879.
Taft was honorary president of the 50th Session of the International Congress of Hygiene and Demography, which was held at the Red Cross Hall in Washington, DC. Dr. J.W. Schereschewsky was director general of the exhibition. (Health Exhibit Opens. Washington Post, Sep. 17, 1912.) Schereschewsky was a member of the Public Health Administration of the Life Extension Instititute, with which Taft was also involved. (The Project Gutenberg EBook of How to Live, by Irving Fisher and Eugene Fisk. 9th edition, 1916.) As Assistant Surgeon General in 1922, Schereschewsky established the Office of Cancer Investigations of the US Public Health Service at Harvard University, which was subsequently merged into the National Cancer Institute.
Charles D. Hilles Sr. (!867-1949) was President Taft's
from 1911-12; chairman of the Republican National
Committee from 1912 to 1916; and a trustee of the Guggenheim Foundation
from 1925 to 1949. His son, Charles
Dewey Hilles Jr.
(1902-1974), Skull & Bones 1924, was director-at-large and an
officer of the American Society for the Control of Cancer and its
successor, the American Cancer Society, 1939 to 1959.
In 1913, in the boardroom of the Guaranty Trust Company, the Life
Extension Institute was formed, with former President William
(S&B 1878) as chairman of the board, anti-smoker Irving Fisher
as chairman of its Hygiene Reference Board, and William H. Welch as a
member of that board. Taft's son, Charles P. Taft, Yale 1918, was a
Republican Party crony of John
C. Topping Jr., who engineered the US Environmental
Agency to issue its fraudulent report claiming that secondhand smoke
causes lung cancer.
In 1851, in the
absence of anything
resembling a database, Rev. Trask
proclaimed, "It is
computed that 20,000 persons every year, in America, go to their grave
from the use of tobacco." (Temperance. Weekly
Brattleboro, Vt., Jun. 23, 1851.) "Rev. George Trask
sleeping with a tobacco consumer actually affects the health of a
person who does not use the article. The
Boston Medical and Surgical Journal so far endorses his
as to say, 'This had not before occurred to us, but on examination of
the facts [sic], there appears some reason in the statement." (Kenosha Telegraph, Nov. 19,
Rev. George Trask was born in Beverly, Mass., in 1796. He
worked for his father, Jeremiah Trask, as a shoemaker, then in 1812, he
to his older brother, Israel Trask, a manufacturer of Britannia ware.
1816, Trask opened a hardware and jewelry store in Marblehead, where he
made enough money to finance his college education. His preparatory
studies studies were chiefly prosecuted at Gorham, Me., afterwards
entering Brunswick College. He entered the ministry and was installed
at Framingham, Warren and Fitchburg. One of his supporters was Boston
financier Amos Lawrence: "Boston, Dec. 31. - Sad! sad! Hear of the
decease of Amos Lawrence, Esq. Many rills of beneficience are cut off
by this stroke of death. He had just begun to show an interest in my
humble cause, had printed two editions of my 'Uncle Toby' and
generously spread them over the land. But yesterday he said, 'I like
this boys' book. If I live, every school-boy in our state shall have a
copy.' 'I owe,' he says, 'my present position in society, under God, to
the fact that I never used rum or tobacco.' He wrote in his
pocket-book, 'How hardly shall they who have riches enter into the
kingdom of heaven!' On whom has the mantle of Lawrence fallen?" (Rev.
George Trask, the "Anti-Tobacco Apostle." By Atherton P. Mason. Read at
a Meeting of the Society, Septemlxr 21, 1896. Proceedings of the
Fitchburg Historical Society and Papers, 1902.) We can answer that question!
Lawrence's son, Amos Adams Lawrence, was a business crony of William
Gage Lambert and his son, Dr. Edward
Wilberforce Lambert, a founder of the Equitable Life
Society, and the grandfather of avowed anti-smoker Dr. Alexander Lambert,
& Bones 1884 His grandson was Bishop William
who helped establish the Harvard
Public Health, which is the wellspring of health fascist
"Israel Trask hired his brothers Oliver and George to work
plus a neighbor, Eben Smith." He may have taken over the business of
Philip Lee in 1812. After Israel Trask's death, his business passed
into the hands of John Hill. (The story of Brittania Ware in Beverly.
By Stephen Hall. Wicked Local Beverly, Jan 16, 2008.) Rev. Trask's
daughter, Eliza Sessions Carpenter Trask, married John L. Hill.
Ruth Freeman Packard, daughter of Rev. Asa Packard, married Rev. George Trask in 1831. She was the sister-in-law of Frederick A. Packard, Harvard 1814. After Rev. Trask died, Mrs. Trask announced that "business will be continued at the old stand," and that she has published "the tract to Spurgeon on smoking which was unfinished at Trask's death." (The Farmer's Cabinet, Apr. 7, 1875.) Lewis Richard Packard, Skull & Bones 1856, was the son of Frederick A. Packard and Elizabeth D. Hooker. He was Professor of Greek [Dr. William H. Welch's favorite subject] at Yale from 1863-1884. (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1880-1890, p. 259.) His brother, Frederick Packard, Yale 1848, was a lawyer in Appleton, Wis. (Obituary Record, Yale 1859-1870, p. 73.) Another brother, Dr. John Hooker Packard, was a physician in Philadelphia. His sons, Charles Stuart Wood Packard and Dr. Frederick Adolphus Packard, were trustees of the University of Pennsylvania (New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial. By William Richard Cutter. Lewis historical publishing company, 1914); and John Hooker Packard Jr. was American manager of the London Assurance Corporation between 1907 and 1929 (John H. Packard. New York Times, Sep. 10, 1947.) Elizabeth Dwight Hooker's nephew, Thomas Hooker [S&B 1869], the son of Rev. Richard Hooker 1827, married Sarah Bowles, a sister of Chester Bowles' grandfather. (The Descendants of Rev. Thomas Hooker, Hartford, Connecticut. By Edward Hooker, Margaret Huntington Hooker, 1909.)Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1880-1890, p. 259 / Google Books
Rev. Trask's son, Brainard Packard Trask, was principal of the
street grammar school in Fitchburg, Mass. He died young, "not far from
34 years," at the house of his father-in-law, in Frederick, Maryland,
leaving a wife and an infant son. (Personal. Lowell Daily Citizen and
News, Oct. 7, 1870.) She was Mary Sanger (Cann), daughter of Rev.
Thomas McMullen Cann. The son, Thomas Cann [Quincy] Trask, graduated
from Yale in 1893. He was a teacher in Brooklyn and New York City.
Among his half-sibs were Margaret Lovell Plumley.
(Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the
Year 1942-1943, p.41.)
Margaret Lovell Plumley did research under the auspices of the
Institute of Medicine, "an organization of Chicago physicians who
sought in the study an impartial view on the question as to whether
free clinical and hospital treatment take in patients who might
ordinarily patronize a private physician." "An advisory committee on
social and economic factors included Dr. Michael M. Davis of the Julius
Rosenwald fund as chairman, and representatives of Northwestern
University, the University of Chicago, the School of Social Service
Administration, the United Charities, and the Chicago Council of Social
Agencies." (Few Patients of Free Clinics Can Pay Fees. Chicago Daily
Tribune, Jan. 27, 1931.) And: Group Health Insurance and Sickness
Benefit Plans in Collective Bargaining. Reviewed by Margaret Lovell
Plumley. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1946 May; 36(5): 555.
Brainard P. Trask's widow married William Edgar Plumley,
1876, the oldest son of Rev. Dr. Gardiner Spring Plumley, Yale 1850. On
Jan. 1, 1876, Rev. Plumley resigned as pastor of the First Presbyterian
Church at Metuchen, N.J., to take charge of the department for
clergymen of the Provident Savings Life Assurance Society of New York.
His son and Mrs. Trask were married in December. The youngest of his
eight children was Alexander Rolston Plumley, born in 1863.
(Biographical record of the class of 1850, of Yale college: prepared by
the class committee. Yale, 1877.) "Dr. Plumley was very active in the
Yale Alumni Association, and many of his classmates attended the
funeral. Among them were Ellis H. Roberts, Cyprian S. Brainerd, William
Ludden, and Dr. Chapin of the class of '50, and Horace Barnard of '49.
Judge Effingham Nichols was also present." (Funeral of Rev. Dr.
New York Times, Feb. 25, 1894.)
Rev. Plumley performed the ceremony when his daughter, Lillie
(Elizabeth Marriner Plumley) married Dr. Alfred N. Phillips of
Bridgeport. (Married. New York Times, Jan. 29, 1886.) He was the son of
the founder of the Phillips Chemical Co., makers of milk of magnesia.
(Dr. Alfred N. Phillips. New York Times, Aug. 2, 1944; Mrs. Alfred
Phillips Dies in Darien at 92. New York Times, Oct. 9, 1950.) They were
the parents of Rep. Alfred N. Phillips Jr., Yale 1917 [whose single
undistinguished term in Congress from 1937 and 1938 included the period
when the National Act was passed]. (Alfred Phillips, Stamford Mayor.
New York Times, Jan. 19, 1970.)
Alexander Rolston Plumley was the father of anti-smoker
executive Harold Ladd Plumley. (Plumley-Phelps. New York Times, Oct. 2,
1928; Obituary. Hartford Courant, Jul. 8, 1949.) H. Ladd Plumley was
chairman of the board and president of the State Mutual Life Insurance
Company of America, Worcester, Mass., which in 1967 offered the only
unconditional discounts for non-smokers. He claimed in a recent report
to stockholders, "The growing popularity of State Mutual's
Non-Cigarette Smoker Life Insurance Plan continued unabated."
(Nonsmokers Get Cut on Insurance. By Murray Schumach. New York Times,
Aug. 31, 1967.) Dick Wilson of State Mutual was a business crony of
Lewis Cullman, brother of Joseph Cullman 3d of Philip Morris. "Dick
Wilson of State Mutual and I fell into the habit of traveling up to the
outings together, arriving first, and taking a room together. Often,
Dick would borrow the private plane favored by his CEO and pick me up
at La Guardia on his way to Toronto. (That plane came courtesy of H.
Ladd Plumley, a remarkable name that I've never forgotten because H.
Ladd's brother, Paul, was one of my masters at Fessenden School.) I
would often return the favor by providing Dick with World Series
tickets, and from 1954 to 1961 - the years I was at Cullman Bros. -
there was but a single October when at least one New York team wasn't
playing in the Series." (Can't Take It with You. By Lewis B. Cullman.)
State Mutual was the original financier of McDonald's
Corporation in the 1950s. It was then a private firm with
hamburger stands, mostly in the Midwest. State Mutual gave McDonalds's
a $750,000 suborndinated loan in exchange for 150 shares of stock, for
which it paid $250. The Paul revere Life insurance Company was
similarly involved. McDonald's shares were split in 1961 so the 150
shares became 150,000. State Mutual sold most of its holdings between
1965 and 1971. (Unorthodoxy Pays Off for State Mutual - Most of the
Time. New York Times, Jun. 13, 1971.)
of Skull & Bones reincorporated the American Red Cross in 1905.
that year, the Protocols of the Elders of Zion was reportedly first
published by the Red Cross press in Tsarskoe Selo, Russia; and in 1917,
the Red Cross was the Wall Street vehicle for the Bolshevik Revolution.
U.S. Sen. David Lyle Boren, Skull & Bones 1963 (D-OK), introduced an amendment to the defense spending bill to raise the price of cigarettes sold in military commissaries. (Official urges Pentagon to act against smoking. By Walter Pincus, the Washington Post. In: Boston Sunday Globe, Jan. 5, 1986.)Walter Pincus, Jan. 5, 1986 / tobacco document
Associate Attorney General Robert Davis McCallum Jr., Skull & Bones 1968, who has been a crony of President George W. Bush since their Bones days, is No. 3 in the Department of Justice.The Federal Tobacco Lawsuit
Prescott S. Bush, S&B 1917, and former vice president
Nixon were on the Advisory Council of the New England Institute for
Medical Research in the early 1960s. In 1967, John H. Kreisher,
Assistant Director and Research Associate of the NEIMR, joined the
Council for Tobacco Research as Associate Scientific Director, under
Robert C. Hockett. (Confidential Report. The Council for Tobacco
Research - U.S.A. Jan. 27, 1967.) Kreisher was the original CTR contact
for Carol J. Henry and Richard E. Kouri, project leaders of the
Microbiological Associates mouse inhalation study, in 1971.
Resolving the Coronary Artery Disease Epidemic Through
Nutrition. Esselstyn CB Jr. Prev Cardiol 2001 Autumn;4(4):171-177.
Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195. "The world's advanced
countries have easy access to plentiful high-fat food; ironically, it
is this rich diet that produces atherosclerosis. In the world's poorer
nations, many people subsist on a primarily plant-based diet, which is
far healthier, especially in terms of heart disease. To treat coronary
heart disease, a century of scientific investigation has produced a
device-driven, risk factor-oriented strategy. Nevertheless, many
patients treated with this approach experience progressive disability
and death. This strategy is a rear-guard defensive one. In contrast,
compelling data from nutritional studies, population surveys, and
interventional studies support the effectiveness of a plant-based diet
and aggressive lipid lowering to arrest, prevent, and selectively
reverse heart disease. In essence, this is an offensive strategy. The
single biggest step toward adopting this strategy would be to have
United States dietary guidelines support a plant-based diet. An expert
committee purged of industrial and political influence is required to
assure that science is the basis for dietary recommendations." ["An
expert committee purged of industrial and political influence is
required to assure that science is the basis for dietary
recommendations," actually means a stacked deck of CORRUPT HEALTH
FASCISTS who will ignore contrary evidence, especially infection.]
- Prev Cardiol 2001 abstract / PubMed
Heart Attack Proof / Caldwell B. Esselstyn Jr. website
He married Ann Crile, the daughter of Dr. George Crile Jr.,
1929. (C.B. Esselstyn Jr. Fiance of Ann Crile. New York Times, May 1,
1961.) His brother is Erik Canfield Esselstyn, S&B 1959. (Miss
Susan Pomeroy Will Be Wed in June. New York Times, Jan. 17, 1965.) They
were divorced, and Erik married the daughter of Rep. Jonathan B.
Bingham, S&B 1936. Erik was executive directive director of the
Community Health Center in Detroit, according to the Times, or Boston,
according to the Post. (June M. Bingham Engaged to Wed Erik C.
Esselstyn. New York Times, Apr. 23, 1967; Marriage Announcement.
Washington Post-Times Herald, Apr. 23, 1967.) Their sister Sarah
Vosburgh Esselstyn is a physician as well. Her husband was a Clinical
Associate of the National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic
Diseases. (Weddings. Sarah V. Esselstyn - Ralph R. Howell. Washington
Post, Times, Herald, Nov. 21, 1960.)
Their physician-father was Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Elihu 1925.
Societies Hold Their Annual Tap Day. New York Times, May 16, 1924.) He
was the doctor of baseball player Lou Gehrig,
and later, the front man for the Physicians
Health Care for the Aged Through Social Security, which
Medicare, the government program that made cardiologists rich. It was
the single largest cause of the dramatic increase in health care costs
which began in 1965. Their grandfather, attorney Everett James
Esselstyn, was counsel for the executors and an executor of the will of
George A. Helme, former president of the George W. Helme Tobacco
Company, along with his widow and son, James B. Helme, and the Central Union Trust Company.
(Helme Will Aids
Midtown Hospital. New York Times, May 6, 1931; G.A. Helme's Estate is
Put at $4,652,401. New York Times, Aug. 8, 1935.) Everett J. Esselstyn
was a pallbearer at the funeral of Gilbert Colgate, Yale 1883, former
president of Colgate & Co. and a director of the
Colgate-Palmolive-Peet Company, along with Lawrence Clerc Deming, Lord
Butler Hillard, and Horace Dutton Taft, all S&B 1883. (Gilbert
Colgate Dies At Age of 74. New York Times, Jan. 6, 1933; Throng At
Funeral of Gilbert Colgate. New York Times, Jan. 8, 1933.) Everett
was a vice president of the New York Bible Society from at least 1905
to 1933 (Christian Activities in New York. New York Observer and
Chronicle, Dec. 14, 1905; Gives 802,563 Bibles. New York Times, Jan.
18, 1933; et al.) He was an 1883 graduate of Yale. (Everett J.
Esselstyn. New York Times, Jan. 6, 1938; Bulletin of Yale Universary.
Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the
Year 1937-1938, pp. 33-34.)
Alan Whittemore Cross is a member of the same Bones class as John Forbes Kerry
campaign advisor, David Hoadley Thorne. He is director of the Center
for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention at the University of North
Carolina-Chapel Hill, "one of 26 prevention research centers funded by
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention." In 1989, as president
of the Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine, he was a member
of the US Department of Health and Human Services Secretary James B. Wyngaarden's Council
Promotion and Disease Prevention in 1989, along with anti-smoking
warhorses Theodore Cooper,
of the National Heart and Lung Institute, later CEO of Upjohn; former
Assistant Secretary for Health Philip
former Surgeon General Julius B.
and Robert Rodale,
Joint appointment: Professor, Social Medicine and Pediatrics,
Clinical Professor of Maternal and Child Health. Although nominally a
pediatrician, his research is primarily oriented toward analyzing the
success of health fascist group behavior control programs.
Besides the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, he has
supported by Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina and the
University of North Carolina Health Initiative.
Alan W. Cross is the son of Dr. and Mrs. Richard J. Cross
Skull & Bones 1937] of Princeton, NJ. His father was associate
of the Rutgers University School of Medicine (Lee-Cross. New York
Times, Sep 6, 1938). His uncle was William R. Cross
Bones 1941, who was a senior vice president of the Morgan Guaranty
Trust and a director of The New York Times Company from 1973 to 1992.
Alan W. Cross is the
grandson of W. Redmond Cross [William Redmond Cross, Skull &
1896]. W. Redmond Cross and his father, Richard J. Cross, were partners
of Morton, Rose & Co. of London, England, and of Morton, Bliss
& Company at the time that it was reorganized into the Morton Trust Company,
which subsequently merged with the Guaranty Trust. (Morton, Bliss
Co. Changes. New York Times, Jun 3, 1899) W. Redmond Cross was a vice
president 1919-22 and the chairman of the United States Radium
Corporation of New York from 1922 to 1930. (Radium Concern Re-elects
Roeder. New York
Times, Jan 13, 1922.) John
S&B 1900, an architect who
designed buildings for the Guaranty Trust, was his brother. (John W.
Cross, 73, Architect, Is Dead. New York Times, Jul. 26, 1951; W.
Redmond Cross. New York Times, Nov. 17, 1940; Bulletin of Yale
University, Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased
during the Year 1940-1941 pp 69-70; Bulletin of Yale University,
Obituary Record of Graduates of the Undergraduate Schools Deceased
during the Year 1951-1952, p. 44.) Alan W. Cross's wife's father,
Bernhard W. Johnson, was sales personnel
manager at Time Inc. (Miss
Johnson is Betrothed to Alan
W. Cross. New York Times, Dec. 22, 1967; Marion M. Johnson Is Married
To Alan W. Cross, Yale Alumnus. New York Times, Sep 1, 1968.)
Richard James Cross, Skull & Bones 1937 was director
human sexuality course at Rutgers Medical School. (Sexual Healing. By
Barbara Iozzia. UMDNJ Magazine, Winter 1998.) Dr. Richard J. Cross was
best man for his brother, Thomas Newbold Cross, when he married
Patricia Geer Townsend, daughter of Howard Townsend. Dr. J.
Auchincloss was an usher. (Miss P.G. Townsend Wed to T.N.
New York Times, Mar. 23, 1946.)
David Saffen Ph.D. Associate Professor in Departments of
Pharmacology and Psychiatry; Associate Director of OSU Program in
Pharmacogenomics. Current research: Identifying genes to be targeted by
"O'Keefe maintains an active clinical orthopaedic practice, while directing an expansive portfolio of research projects; his NIH grant support has consistently placed him among the most highly funded orthopaedic surgeon-clinician scientists in the United States. Author of more than 140 journal articles and numerous book chapters, O'Keefe also is very involved with national orthopaedic organizations, serving in leadership roles in many instances.... The Center recently landed a $1.4 million grant from the Department of Defense to fund studies that will uncover new information concerning the effects of nicotine on the healing of bone fractures." Vital Signs. University of Rochester Medical Center, Nov. 2005; Regis J. O'Keefe. University of Rochester, Oct. 5, 2005.)Vital Signs, Nov. 2005 / University of Rochester Medical Center
Regis O'Keefe graduated from high school in Pittsburgh, and
Yale B.A. in religion and philosophical studies. His bride, Carol Lee
Gabardine, had a Yale B.A. in economics and political science.
(Gabardine, O'Keefe. Annapolis, MD: The Capital, Sep. 1, 1983.)
O'Keefe lies that "Our results provide the first evidence that
prevents stem cells from becoming cartilage cells as part of healing.
These findings extend our understanding of the impact of cigarette
smoke on a process that is critical to fracture repair. Perhaps down
the road we will be able to speed bone healing among smokers in more
than one way." His blather was presented at the annual meeting of the
Orthopaedic Research Society, not in a journal, although we have no
reason to expect anything better of those corrupt lackies, either.
(Toxins in cigarette smoke prevent stem cells from becoming cartilage.
EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS, Mar. 4, 2008.)
Except it just so happens that for benzo[a]pyrene, which is
the common polycyclic hydrocarbons produced by combustion, "[T]he food
chain is the dominant pathway of human exposure, accounting for about
97% of the total daily intake of BaP. Inhalation and consumption of
contaminated water are only minor pathways of human exposure [2% from
air, and 1% from water]. The long-term average daily intake of BaP by
the general population is estimated to be 2.2 micrograms (ug) per day.
Cigarette smoking and indoor activities do not substantially increase
human exposure to BaP relative to background levels of BaP present in
the environment." And, "[A]verage smokers (i.e., individuals who smoke
20 cigarettes a day) are taking in an additional 780 ng of BaP daily,
which means that smokers get an additional 16% BaP from smoking" [based
on pre-1979 cigarettes, which contained about twice the quantity of BaP
as newer low-tar cigarettes]. Also, the exposure from cooked beef (0.2
-24.1 ug/kg) is less than the exposure from leafy vegetables (7.0 - 48
ug/kg). (Benzo-a-pyrene: Environmental partitioning and human exposure.
H.A. Hattemer-Frey, C.C. Travis. Toxicology and Industrial Health